Arcola, Texas

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Arcola, Texas
City
Motto: "Country life in the city"
Moving ahead in the 21st century"[1]
Location of Arcola, Texas
Location of Arcola, Texas
Coordinates: 29°30′5″N 95°27′50″W / 29.50139°N 95.46389°W / 29.50139; -95.46389Coordinates: 29°30′5″N 95°27′50″W / 29.50139°N 95.46389°W / 29.50139; -95.46389
Country United States
State Texas
County Fort Bend
Area
 • Total 1.98 sq mi (5.12 km2)
 • Land 1.96 sq mi (5.07 km2)
 • Water 0.02 sq mi (0.05 km2)
Elevation 66 ft (20 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 1,642
 • Density 839/sq mi (323.9/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
Area code(s) 713, 281, 832, 346
GNIS feature ID 1329659[2]
Website www.arcolatexas.org

Arcola is a city in Fort Bend County, Texas, United States, within the Houston–Sugar Land–Baytown metropolitan area. The population was 1,642 at the 2010 census,[4] up from 1,048 at the 2000 census.

Arcola incorporated in 1986.[5]

Geography[edit]

Map of Arcola

Arcola is located near the eastern edge of Fort Bend County at 29°30′5″N 95°27′50″W / 29.50139°N 95.46389°W / 29.50139; -95.46389 (29.501339, -95.463760).[6] Texas State Highway 6 passes through the city, leading northwest 14 miles (23 km) to Sugar Land and southeast 14 miles to Alvin. Downtown Houston is 22 miles (35 km) to the north.

According to the United States Census Bureau, Arcola has a total area of 2.0 square miles (5.1 km2), of which 0.02 square miles (0.05 km2), or 0.98%, is water.[4]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1990 666
2000 1,048 57.4%
2010 1,642 56.7%
Est. 2016 2,202 [7] 34.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]

As of the 2010 Census, the population of Arcola has increased to 1,642.[9]

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 1,640 people, 295 households, and 233 families residing in the city. The population density was 548.5 people per square mile (211.9/km²). There were 324 housing units at an average density of 169.6 per square mile (65.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 34.26% White, 34.16% African American, 0.38% Native American, 2.19% Asian, 27.10% from other races, and 1.91% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 51.91% of the population.

There were 295 households out of which 46.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.6% were married couples living together, 18.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.7% were non-families. 16.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.55 and the average family size was 4.06.

In the city, the population was spread out with 37.4% under the age of 18, 9.5% from 18 to 24, 28.5% from 25 to 44, 16.0% from 45 to 64, and 8.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 28 years. For every 100 females there were 101.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $31,607, and the median income for a family was $32,500. Males had a median income of $26,818 versus $21,172 for females. The per capita income for the city was $11,735. About 24.3% of families and 26.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 34.3% of those under age 18 and 26.4% of those age 65 or over.

Government and infrastructure[edit]

Law enforcement is provided by the Arcola Police Department, headed by[when?] Chief of Police Howard Sylve III. Fire protection is provided by the Fresno Volunteer Fire Department. Emergency medical service is provided by Fort Bend County EMS.[citation needed]

Education[edit]

Arcola pupils attend schools in Fort Bend Independent School District (FBISD).[10] FBISD formed in 1959 by the consolidation of Missouri City Independent School District and the Sugar Land Independent School District.[11]

The community is within the East Division, controlling school board slots 5 through 7.[12] Most of the city is zoned to Heritage Rose Elementary School,[13] Billy Baines Middle School,[14] and Ridge Point High School.[15] The section north and east of Texas State Highway 6 and north and west of Farm to Market Road 921 is zoned to Burton Elementary School,[13] Lake Olympia Middle School,[14] and Hightower High School.[15]

History of schools[edit]

At the time FBISD formed, in 1959, there was one school for black students in Arcola, Oaklane Elementary School, serving grades 1-8. Black students in grades 9-12 were assigned to M.R. Wood School in Sugar Land. White students, at the time, were assigned to an elementary school in Missouri City, a junior high school in Sugar Land, and a high school in Missouri City. Those sites now house E. A. Jones Elementary School, Lakeview Elementary School, and Missouri City Middle School, respectively. Dulles High School became established as the white high school of FBISD. Desegregation occurred in 1965, and Oaklane closed at that time.[11] After desegregation, Dulles was the only zoned high school in the district until Willowridge High School opened in 1979.[16]

Previously all pupils north of State Highway 6 attended Burton Elementary School in unincorporated Fort Bend County. Some pupils south of Highway 6 attended Sienna Crossing Elementary School, and other pupils south of Highway 6 attended Schiff Elementary School in unincorporated Fort Bend County.[17][18]

Prior to the opening of Hightower in 1998,[19] Elkins High School served Arcola.[20] After 1998 and prior to 2010 all Arcola pupils were zoned to Hightower.[21][22][18]

Transportation[edit]

Houston Southwest Airport, a general aviation airport, is in the Arcola city limits.

References[edit]

  1. ^ City of Arcola official website
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Arcola city, Texas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved August 26, 2016. 
  5. ^ Mark Odintz: Arcola, Tx from the Handbook of Texas Online. Retrieved December 23, 2008.
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  7. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  8. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  9. ^ http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=DEC_10_PL_GCTPL1.CY10&prodType=table
  10. ^ "2010 CENSUS - CENSUS BLOCK MAP: Arcola city, TX." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on April 15, 2017.
  11. ^ a b "History." Fort Bend Independent School District. Retrieved on July 20, 2017.
  12. ^ "2007-2008 Operating Procedures Archived 2008-12-09 at the Wayback Machine.." Fort Bend Independent School District. Retrieved on December 8, 2008.
  13. ^ a b "Elementary School Attendance Zones." Fort Bend Independent School District. Retrieved on April 15, 2017.
  14. ^ a b "Middle School Attendance Zones." Fort Bend Independent School District. Retrieved on April 15, 2017.
  15. ^ a b "High School Attendance Zones." Fort Bend Independent School District. Retrieved on April 15, 2017.
  16. ^ Solomon, Jerome. "FOOTBALL 1997/HIGH SCHOOLS/FORT BEND BONANZA/Phillips, Dulles in hunt to add to town's memories." Houston Chronicle. Thursday August 28, 1997. Special 33. Retrieved on December 31, 2011.
  17. ^ "Elementary School Attendance Zones Archived February 27, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.." Fort Bend Independent School District.
  18. ^ a b "CENSUS 2000 BLOCK MAP: ARCOLA City." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on April 15, 2017.
  19. ^ Home. Hightower High School. June 10, 1998. Retrieved on October 31, 2017.
  20. ^ "Elkins High School." Fort Bend Independent School District. January 16, 1997. Retrieved on October 31, 2017.
  21. ^ "High School Attendance Zones" (2009-2010). Fort Bend Independent School District. February 6, 2010. Retrieved on February 19, 2017.
  22. ^ "High School Attendance Zones" (2010-2011). Fort Bend Independent School District. September 21, 2010. Retrieved on February 19, 2017.

External links[edit]