Arctech Helsinki Shipyard

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Arctech Helsinki Shipyard
PredecessorSTX Finland Cruise Oy
SuccessorHelsinki Shipyard (in Finland)
Founded25 October 2010; 9 years ago (2010-10-25)[1]
Key people
Evgeniy Kholodov (Managing Director)[2]
ProductsIcebreakers, Arctic offshore vessels
  • Increase289,338,000 (2017)
  • €117,266,000 (2016)[1]
  • Increase–€28,984,000 (2017)
  • –€87,550,000 (2016)[1]
OwnerUnited Shipbuilding Corporation
Number of employees
605 (12/2017)[1]

Arctech Helsinki Shipyard is a Finnish shipbuilding company that is part of the Russian state-owned United Shipbuilding Corporation. The company focuses primarily on icebreakers and other icegoing vessels for arctic conditions.

Between 2011 and 2019, Arctech Helsinki Shipyard built a total of 10 icebreaking vessels (yard numbers 506 through 515) at the Hietalahti shipyard in Helsinki, Finland. Due to the economic sanctions against its Russian owner, the company was forced to transfer its shipbuilding business in Finland to a successor company, Helsinki Shipyard, which was then sold to a private Russian owner. Arctech is expected to continue shipbuilding in Russia as a shareholder of a smaller shipyard in Saint Petersburg.


Hietalahti shipyard in May 2011, shortly after Arctech Helsinki Shipyard was established. The building on the right is the shipyard's covered Panamax-sized dry dock.

Arctech Helsinki Shipyard was established as a joint venture between STX Finland, a subsidiary of STX Europe, and the Russian state-owned United Shipbuilding Corporation (USC). The new shipbuilding company started its operations at the Hietalahti shipyard on 1 April 2011.[3][4][5][6] On 28 October 2013, it was reported that USC was going to buy the remaining shares from STX Europe and become the sole owner of the company.[7][8] The sale was finalized on 30 December 2014 and the United Shipbuilding Corporation has been the sole owner of Arctech Helsinki Shipyard since the beginning of 2015.[9]

The Russian ownership has resulted in some issues due to the economic sanctions imposed by the European Union and the United States as a response to the Russian involvement in the unrest in Ukraine. In August 2014, the Nordic-based bank Nordea announced that it would terminate Arctech's accounts due to the financial sanctions imposed by the United States, forcing the shipyard to switch to another bank.[10]

In early 2018, it was reported that the United Shipbuilding Corporation was looking for a new majority owner for Arctech Helsinki Shipyard in order to circumvent the sanctions. The Finnish shipyard, which had not received any new orders since 2016, had become an economic burden for the Russian owner with cumulative loss of 156 million euro in 2011–2015 after which the company stopped reporting its economic situation. Initially, it was reported that the Croatian investment corporation KERMAS Group would purchase a 55 percent share of Arctech Helsinki Shipyard with the USC remaining as a minority shareholder.[11][12][13] However, in September 2018 the president of the United Shipbuilding Corporation, Aleksey Rakhmanov, stated that the company was instead negotiating the sale of the whole shipyard with three parties: a group of Norwegian companies, an unnamed Russian businessman, and the KERMAS Group which had previously declined partial ownership.[14] In October 2018, it was announced that the shipyard would be sold to the owners of Nevsky Shipyard and, in addition to cash, the sale would include transferring the privately-owned Saint Petersburg-based shipyard to the state-owned United Shipbuilding Corporation.[15][16] While the initial deal fell through at the very last moment reportedly due to lack of approval from the Russian authorities,[17] the sale was finally authorized by the Russian government in April 2019.[18][19]

On 15 May 2019, Arctech Helsinki Shipyard officially announced the change of ownership of the shipbuilding activities in Finland by the end of the month. In preparation of the transaction, a new shipbuilding company Helsinki Shipyard Oy would be established to take over the assets and operations at Hietalahti Shipyard. It would then be sold to Algador Holdings, a private Russian company owned by Rishat Bagautdinov ja Vladimir Kasyanenko while Arctech, which would remain as a subsidiary of the United Shipbuilding Corporation, would continue shipbuilding operations in Russia as a shareholder of the Nevsky Shipyard. Victor Olerskiy, the former deputy Russian transport minister and the former head of Federal Agency of Maritime and River Transportation, has been appointed as the chairman of the board of the new company.[20][21] The transaction, which included 35 million euro and the ownership of Nevsky Shipyard,[22] was finalized on 20 May.[23]


On 16 December 2010, Arctech Helsinki Shipyard received its first order when a contract for two icebreaking platform supply vessels similar to the SCF Sakhalin, worth US$100 million per ship, was signed with Sovcomflot.[24] The vessels, Vitus Bering and Aleksey Chirikov, were delivered in December 2012 and April 2013, respectively.

On 8 December 2011, it was announced that Arctech Helsinki Shipyard had signed a contract together with Shipyard Yantar JSC from Yantar, Kaliningrad, for the construction of a 76 million euro icebreaking multipurpose emergency and rescue vessel for the Russian Ministry of Transport. The so-called "oblique icebreaker" would feature an asymmetric hull designed to break a 50-metre (160 ft) channel in 60-centimetre (2.0 ft) level ice when operating sideways. Initially, the hull was to be built at Yantar and then towed to Helsinki for outfitting, but in the end the hull was assembled in Helsinki from blocks manufactured in Kaliningrad.[25] The vessel was launched on 12 December 2013 and given the name Baltika. After sea trials, the icebreaker was towed to Kaliningrad where she was to be handed over to the owner.[26] However, Baltika was later towed to Saint Petersburg where she was delivered to Rosmorrechflot on 30 December 2014.[27]

On 19 December 2012, Arctech Helsinki Shipyard received an order from the Russian Ministry of Transport for an 18-megawatt icebreaker capable of breaking ice up to 1.5 metres (5 ft) thick. The newbuilding, a Project 21900M icebreaker worth about 100 million euro, would be built in co-operation with the Vyborg Shipyard which was building two similar ships in Russia. The new icebreaker, Murmansk, was launched in March 2015.[28] While the vessel was to be delivered to the owner in August of the same year, the delivery was delayed until December. On 18 December, Murmansk was towed to Vyborg Shipyard where it would be delivered to the owner before the year's end.[29] The icebreaker was handed over to Rosmorport after a flag-raising ceremony on 25 December 2015.[30]

On 27 November 2013, the Finnish Transport Agency announced that Arctech Helsinki Shipyard had won the tender for the next Finnish state-owned icebreaker and that the final order for the 123 million euro vessel would be signed before the end of the year.[31][32] However, on 29 November the Finnish Transport Agency cancelled the contract, citing issues with guaranties offered by the shipyard.[33] On 22 January 2014, Arctech Helsinki Shipyard won the second round of the tendering process and the final contract was signed on 14 February. The 19-megawatt vessel, the most powerful icebreaker ever to fly the Finnish flag, would be powered by dual-fuel engines running on liquefied natural gas (LNG) and designed to break 1.6-metre (5.2 ft) ice in a continuous motion. The vessel, based on Aker Arctic's Aker ARC 130 concept, was initially scheduled for delivery during the winter of 2016.[34] On 11 December 2015, the new icebreaker was named Polaris.[35] She was floated out from the covered dry dock and into the outfitting quay on 3 January 2016[36] and delivered on 28 September.[37]

On 21 April 2014, Sovcomflot ordered an icebreaking platform supply vessel from Arctech Helsinki Shipyard. The 100 million euro vessel, which was initially scheduled to be delivered in June 2016, would be a further development of the two similar vessels delivered in 2012 and 2013. While the propulsion power and icebreaking capability would remain the same, the number of main engines was increased from four to six and the vessel would be been fitted with a moon pool. The vessel would be chartered to Sakhalin Energy Investment Company (SEIC).[38] Steel production began at Vyborg Shipyard, which would produce the hull blocks for the vessel, on 26 November 2014.[39] The keel of the vessel, Gennadiy Nevelskoy, was laid on 17 December 2015.[40] On 30 June, the vessel was floated out in order to make space for laying the keel of the next vessel.[41] The vessel was delivered on 3 March 2017, slightly behind schedule.[42][43]

On 7 July 2014, the Finnish newspaper Turun Sanomat reported that Arctech Helsinki Shipyard had been awarded the construction of three icebreaking standby vessels for Sovcomflot.[44] The shipyard confirmed the US$380 million order for three ships, initially scheduled for delivery between September 2016 and March 2017, in its own press release on 11 August 2014. Like the platform supply vessel ordered in April, the standby vessels would be chartered to Sakhalin Energy Investment Company (SEIC) and used in the Sakhalin-2 field for stand-by, rescue and oil spill response duties. The 100-metre (330 ft) vessels Stepan Makarov, Fedor Ushakov, and Yevgeny Primakov (initially Mikhail Lazarev) would have accommodation for 98 persons on board and be capable of operating independently in 1.7-metre (6 ft) ice.[45] The keel of the first standby vessel was laid on 4 February 2016 alongside the previously-ordered platform supply vessel.[46] Some of the blocks were assembled in Klaipėda, Lithuania.[47] The first vessel, Stepan Makarov, was floated out in November 2016 and delivered on 15 June 2017.[48] She was followed by Fedor Ushakov on 27 October 2017.[49] The third vessel, Yevgeny Primakov, was scheduled to be delivered before the year's end but didn't leave the shipyard until January 2018.[42]

In early 2016, it was reported that the Greek shipowner Dynacom has ordered a 58,000 DWT condensate carrier from Arctech Helsinki Shipyard at an undisclosed price. The Arc7 ice class tanker would be used to carry gas condensate from the natural gas fields in the Yamal Peninsula.[50][51][52] While the shipyard was initially reluctant to confirm the contract,[53] the tanker was included in a presentation by Arctech CEO Esko Mustamäki at the Conference on the Economic Development of the Arctic in June 2016. According to the presentation material, the double acting tanker would be 229 metres (751 ft) long and capable of breaking 1.8-metre (5.9 ft) ice.[54][55] The forward part of the vessel was built at Brodotrogir shipyard in Croatia.[56] The keel-laying ceremony, which marks the start of hull assembly, was held in Helsinki on 27 July.[57] The bow section of the vessel, named Yuriy Kuchiev, was launched on 16 July 2018[58] and arrived in Helsinki in August. With a beam of 32.5 metres (107 ft), the tanker is the widest vessel ever built at Helsinki Shipyard's Panamax-sized dry dock.[59] In May 2019, it was announced that this vessel would be the last built by Arctech Helsinki Shipyard before the change of ownership.[20] Yuriy Kuchiev was delivered in August 2019.[60]

List of ships[edit]

Ship name Owner Year Type Yard number IMO number Status Notes Image Ref
Vitus Bering Sovcomflot 2012 Platform supply vessel 506 9613549 In service Vitus Bering Hietalahti Arctech 2.jpg [61]
Aleksey Chirikov Sovcomflot 2013 Platform supply vessel 507 9613551 In service [62]
Baltika Rosmorrechflot 2014 Icebreaker 508 9649237 In service First oblique icebreaker ever built. Baltika 20140306.jpg [63]
Murmansk Rosmorport 2015 Icebreaker 509 9658666 In service Icebreaker Murmansk 01.JPG [64]
Polaris Arctia 2016 Icebreaker 510 9734161 In service First icebreaker in the world to be powered by liquefied natural gas. Polaris 2016-06-16 02.jpg [37]
Gennadiy Nevelskoy Sovcomflot 2017 Platform supply vessel 511 9742120 In service MS "Gennady Nevelskoj" at the shipyard in Helsinki.jpg [65]
Stepan Makarov Sovcomflot 2017 Standby vessel 512 9753727 In service [66]
Fedor Ushakov Sovcomflot 2017 Standby vessel 513 9753739 In service [67]
Yevgeny Primakov Sovcomflot 2018 Standby vessel 514 9753741 In service Initially named Mikhail Lazarev prior to delivery. [68]
Yuriy Kuchiev Dynacom 2019 Gas condensate tanker 515 9804033 In service First tanker built at Hietalahti shipyard and the last ship built by Arctech Helsinki Shipyard in Finland.[20] MT Yuriy Kuchiev.jpg [55][60]


  1. ^ a b c d "Arctech Helsinki Shipyard Oy". Kauppalehti. Retrieved 2 March 2020.
  2. ^ Helsingin telakka siirtymässä venäläisille yksityissijoittajille – Esko Mustamäki on jättänyt yhtiön. Turun Sanomat, 29 November 2018. Retrieved 2018-11-29.
  3. ^ "The Motorship - STX Finland and USC in arctic shipbuilding jv". Archived from the original on 2011-07-14. Retrieved 2010-12-18.
  4. ^ "Putin takaa Helsingin telakan tulevaisuuden - Talouselämä". Archived from the original on 2011-09-30. Retrieved 2010-12-18.
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  6. ^ "United Shipbuilding Corporation buys 50% shares of Arctech Helsinki Shipyard". Retrieved 2010-12-18.
  7. ^ STX myy helsinkiläistelakan venäläisomistajalle. YLE, 28 October 2013. Retrieved 2013-10-28.
  8. ^ Buying the world’s best icebreaker builders. Barents Observer, 28 October 2013. Retrieved 2013-10-28.
  9. ^ Arctech Helsinki Shipyard to Russian Ownership. Arctech Helsinki Shipyard, 30 December 2014. Retrieved 2015-01-06.
  10. ^ Nordea irtisanoo Arctechin tilit Venäjä-pakotteiden vuoksi. YLE, 13 August 2014. Retrieved 2014-08-14.
  11. ^ Ostohuhujen keskellä olevalla Helsingin telakalla valtavat tappiot - TE: "Miksi Kermas haluaisi ostaa telakan?". Kauppalehti, 22 January 2018. Retrieved 2019-01-22.
  12. ^ Potential new owner of Helsinki Shipyard faces second criminal probe. YLE, 22 January 2018.
  13. ^ Croatian Kermas Eyes Arctech Helsinki Shipyard. World Maritime News, 13 February 2018. Retrieved 2018-02-13.
  14. ^ Helsingin telakka myyntiin vuoden loppuun mennessä. YLE, 14 September 2018. Retrieved 2018-09-15.
  15. ^ Helsingin telakka menossa venäläissijoittajille. Kauppalehti, 1 November 2018. Retrieved 2018-11-02.
  16. ^ PRESS: USC may swap Finland’s Arctech for Nevsky Shipyard, cash. PRIME, 31 October 2018. Retrieved 2018-11-02.
  17. ^ ОСК задержится в Финляндии: госкорпорация осталась с верфью в Хельсинки, но без «Невского CCЗ»., 16 January 2019. Retrieved 2019-01-22.
  18. ^ Arctech Shipyardin uusi toimitusjohtaja: Helsingin telakan myynti toteutuu kevääseen mennessä. YLE, 22 January 2019. Retrieved 2019-01-22.
  19. ^ "Правительство разрешило продажу Arctech" (in Russian). Kommersant. 10 April 2019. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
  20. ^ a b c "Helsinki shipyard acquisition will be finalized in May" (PDF). Arctech Helsinki Shipyard. 15 May 2019. Retrieved 15 May 2019.
  21. ^ "Helsingin telakan myynnistä sopu, venäläisliikemiehet puikkoihin – välttyykö telakka jatkossa sanktioilta?". Kauppalehti. Alma Media. 15 May 2019. Retrieved 15 May 2019.
  22. ^ "ОСК закрыла сделку по продаже финской верфи Arctech" (in Russian). АО «АЭИ «ПРАЙМ». 27 May 2019. Retrieved 27 May 2019.
  23. ^ "Helsingin telakan kauppa sinetöity –  uusi venäläisomistaja uskoo pakoteasian ratkenneen". Taloussanomat (in Finnish). Sanoma Media. 20 May 2019. Retrieved 20 May 2019.
  24. ^ "Shipbuilding. Energy. Transport:: Arctech Helsinki Shipyard receives an order for two new icebreaking Supply Vessels from Sovcomflot :: Press Release". Retrieved 2010-12-18.
  25. ^ 2013-04-09 Arctech NB-508. Retrieved 2013-04-21.
  26. ^ Arctech Helsinki Shipyard to build an Innovative Multipurpose Emergency and Rescue Vessel for Russian Ministry of Transport. Arctech Helsinki Shipyard, 8 December 2011.
  27. ^ Flag of Russia hoisted on board oblique icebreaker Baltika in Saint-Petersburg (photo)., 20 February 2015. Retrieved 2015-02-22.
  28. ^ Arctech Helsinki Shipyardille 16 MW jäänmurtajatilaus Venäjän liikenneministeriöltä. Arctech Helsinki Shipyard, 19 December 2012. Retrieved 2012-12-19.
  29. ^ Icebreaker Murmansk delivered at Arctech Helsinki Shipyard. Arctech Helsinki Shipyard, 18 December 2015. Retrieved 2015-12-18.
  30. ^ На Выборгском судзаводе подписан акт приема-передачи ледокола «Мурманск» (фото). PortNews, 25 December 2015. Retrieved 2015-12-25.
  31. ^ Helsingissä rakennetaan uusi jäänmurtaja. YLE, 27 November 2013. Retrieved 2013-11-27.
  32. ^ Arctech Helsinki Shipyard won the tender of the new icebreaker for the Finnish Government. Arctech Helsinki Shipyard, 27 November 2013. Retrieved 2013-11-27.
  33. ^ Jäänmurtajan hankintapäätös kumotaan. YLE, 29 November 2013.
  34. ^ Arctech to build the new icebreaker for the Finnish Transport Agency. Arctech Helsinki Shipyard, 22 January 2014. Retrieved 2014-01-22.
  35. ^ Finland’s new icebreaker Polaris named at Helsinki Shipyard. Arctech Helsinki Shipyard, 11 December 2015. Retrieved 2015-12-17.
  36. ^ Polaris moved to the outfitting quay. Arctech Helsinki Shipyard, 3 January 2016. Retrieved 2016-01-03.
  37. ^ a b The world´s first LNG-powered icebreaker Polaris delivered. Arctech Helsinki Shipyard, 28 September 2016. Retrieved 2016-09-28.
  38. ^ Arctech to Build an Icebreaking Supply Vessel for Sovcomflot. Arctech Helsinki Shipyard, 21 April 2014. Retrieved 2014-04-21.
  39. ^ Arctech Helsinki Shipyard started production of the New Icebreaking Multipurpose Supply Vessel. Arctech Helsinki Shipyard, 26 November 2014. Retrieved 2015-11-14.
  40. ^ Arctech lays the keel for the new icebreaking offshore vessel – the first in a series of four vessels. Arctech Helsinki Shipyard, 17 December 2015. Retrieved 2015-12-17.
  41. ^ Icebreaking Multipurpose Supply Vessel launched at Arctech Helsinki Shipyard., 30 June 2016. Retrieved 2016-07-01.
  42. ^ a b Sovcomflot to take delivery of 4 supply vessels from Arctech Helsinki Shipyard this year (photo). PortNews, 10 February 2017. Retrieved 2017-02-10.
  43. ^ New navigator to explore the subarctic waters: The Icebreaking Supply Vessel Gennadiy Nevelskoy delivered at Arctech Helsinki Shipyard. Arctech Helsinki Shipyard, 3 March 2017. Retrieved 2017-03-04.
  44. ^ Helsingin telakka on saanut kolmen jäänmurtajan tilauksen. Turun Sanomat, 11 July 2014. Retrieved 2014-07-11.
  45. ^ Arctech receives an order of Three Icebreaking Stand-by vessels from Sovcomflot. Arctech Helsinki Shipyard, 11 August 2014. Retrieved 2014-08-11.
  46. ^ Arctech lays the keel for the icebreaking stand-by vessel. Arctech Helsinki Shipyard, 4 February 2016. Retrieved 2016-02-24.
  47. ^ Photo search: IMO 9753741. Retrieved 2016-11-20.
  48. ^ Arctech Helsinki Shipyard delivered a new icebreaking standby vessel. Arctech Helsinki Shipyard, 16 June 2017. Retrieved 2017-06-17.
  49. ^ Fedor Ushakov’s Naming Ceremony. Arctech Helsinki Shipyard, 17 October 2017. Retrieved 2017-10-28.
  50. ^ Dynacom scoops contract for Yamal LNG condensate carriers. TradeWinds. Retrieved 2016-02-24. (subscription required)
  51. ^ Dynacom selects shipbuilders for condensate carriers. Korea Marine Equipment. 27 January 2016. Retrieved 2016-02-24.
  52. ^ Weekly Market Report. Intermodal Research & Valuations. Retrieved 2016-02-24.
  53. ^ Todellinen yllätystoimitus Venäjälle - Helsingin telakka aloittaa tankkerien teon. Tekniikka & Talous, 2 March 2016. Retrieved 2016-03-03.
  54. ^ Sea Transportation Solutions for Arctic Logistic Needs (Archived August 6, 2016, at the Wayback Machine). Esko Mustamäki, Arctech Helsinki Shipyard. Retrieved 2016-07-21.
  55. ^ a b NB 515. Arctech Helsinki Shipyard. Retrieved 2016-12-19.
  56. ^ Croatia's Brodotrogir starts building tanker icebreaker for Arctech Helsinki Shipyard. SeeNews, 8 February 2017. Retrieved 2017-02-09.
  57. ^ The construction of icebreaking tanker begun. Arctech Helsinki Shipyard, 28 July 2017. Retrieved 2017-08-05.
  58. ^ @ArctechH (2018-07-20). "Our Croatian subcontractor launched on July 16 the bow of icebreaking arctic tanker. The aft of the tanker is under construction in Helsinki at ArctechH. The vessel measures 229 m in length and 32,5 m in breadth. After the launch the bow will be transported to Helsinki" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  59. ^ Arctech Helsinki Shipyard is building the Arctic Icebreaking Tanker. Arctech Helsinki Shipyard, 30 August 2018. Retrieved 2018-09-15.
  60. ^ a b @HelsinkiOy (28 August 2019). "Today we had at the shipyard naming ceremony and delivery of the Arctic Tanker Yuriy Kuchiev. The weather could not have been better! Tomorrow free space for new orders to come..." (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  61. ^ "Vitus Bering (111097)". Register of ships. Russian Maritime Register of Shipping. Retrieved 2013-01-01.
  62. ^ "Aleksey Chirikov (111107)". Register of ships. Russian Maritime Register of Shipping. Retrieved 2013-06-12.
  63. ^ "Baltika (120325)". Register of ships. Russian Maritime Register of Shipping. Retrieved 2015-12-27.
  64. ^ "Murmansk (120132)". Register of ships. Russian Maritime Register of Shipping. Retrieved 2018-09-15.
  65. ^ "Gennadiy Nevelskoy (140942)". Register of ships. Russian Maritime Register of Shipping. Retrieved 2018-09-15.
  66. ^ "Stepan Makarov (140954)". Register of ships. Russian Maritime Register of Shipping. Retrieved 2018-09-15.
  67. ^ "Fedor Ushakov (140969)". Register of ships. Russian Maritime Register of Shipping. Retrieved 2018-09-15.
  68. ^ "Yevgeny Primakov (140973)". Register of ships. Russian Maritime Register of Shipping. Retrieved 2018-09-15.