Arctides guineensis

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Arctides guineensis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Crustacea
Class: Malacostraca
Order: Decapoda
Infraorder: Achelata
Family: Scyllaridae
Genus: Arctides
Species: A. guineensis
Binomial name
Arctides guineensis
(Spengler, 1799) [2]
Synonyms [3]
  • Scyllarus guineensis Spengler, 1799
  • Scyllarus sculptus Latreille, 1818
  • Scyllarides sculptus (Latreille, 1818)
  • Scyllarides guineensis (Spengler, 1799)

Arctides guineensis is a species of slipper lobster which lives in the Bermuda Triangle.[3] It is known in Bermuda as the small Spanish lobster, a name which is also favoured by the FAO.[3]

Description[edit]

Arctides guineensis reaches a maximum length of 20 centimetres (7.9 in), or a carapace length of 4–6 cm (1.6–2.4 in).[3]

Taxonomy[edit]

A. guineensis was described in 1799, making it one of the first slipper lobsters to be described, and only the second from the Western Atlantic (after Scyllarides aequinoctialis in 1793).[4] The Hawaiian species Arctides regalis was previously considered to belong to the same species as A. guineensis, but the two differ in the number and placement of the spines on the carapace.[5] In the original description of the species, Lorenz Spengler gave the type locality as "Dens Fædreneland er Kysten af Guinea", probably meaning Ghana. However, A. guineensis is not known to have ever occurred near Africa, and this locality is probably an error.[3] The species was also described by Pierre André Latreille in 1818 under the name Scyllarus sculptus, citing a type locality of "Méditerranée" (Mediterranean Sea), which is also unlikely.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ A. MacDiarmid (2011). "Arctides guineensis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved January 1, 2012. 
  2. ^ "Arctides guineensis". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. 
  3. ^ a b c d e Lipke B. Holthuis (1991). "Arctides guineensis". FAO Species Catalogue, Volume 13. Marine Lobsters of the World. FAO Fisheries Synopsis No. 125. Food and Agriculture Organization. ISBN 92-5-103027-8. 
  4. ^ a b Lipke B. Holthuis (2002). "The Indo-Pacific scyllarine lobsters (Crustacea, Decapoda, Scyllaridae)" (PDF). Zoosystema. 24 (3): 499–683. 
  5. ^ Lipke B. Holthuis (1962). "Preliminary descriptions of some new species of Palinuridea (Crustacea Decapoda, Macrura Retantia)" (PDF). Proceedings of the Koninklijke Nederlandse Akadademie van Wetenschappen. C (66): 54–60.