Arcul de Triumf
|Arch of Triumph|
|For the Heroes of the War of Independence and World War I|
|Designed by||Petre Antonescu|
The first, wooden, triumphal arch was built hurriedly, after Romania gained its independence (1878), so that the victorious troops could march under it. Another arch with concrete skeleton and plaster exterior of elaborate sculptures and decoration designed by Petre Antonescu was built on the same site after World War I in 1922. The arch exterior, which had seriously decayed, was replaced in 1935 by the current much more sober Neoclassical design, more closely modelled in the Arc de Triomphe in Paris. The new arch, also designed by Petre Antonescu and executed in stone, was inaugurated on 1 December 1936.
The arch has a height of 27 metres. It has as its foundation a 25 x 11.50 metres rectangle. The sculptures with which the facades are decorated were created by famous Romanian sculptors such as Ion Jalea and Dimitrie Paciurea.
Presently, military parades are held beneath the arch each December 1, with the occasion of Romania's national holiday.
The symbol of the Royal Crown (the Romanian "Steel Crown"), depicted on the Eastern façade