Ardisia

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Ardisia
Ardisia crenata6.jpg
Ardisia crenata
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Ericales
Family: Primulaceae
Subfamily: Myrsinoideae
Genus: Ardisia
Sw.
Type species
Ardisia tinifolia
Species

Over 700, see List of Ardisia species

Synonyms
  • Afrardisia Mez
  • Amatlania Lundell
  • Auriculardisia Lundell
  • Bladhia Thunb.
  • Chontalesia Lundell
  • Climacandra Miq.
  • Graphardisia (Mez) Lundell
  • Icacorea Aubl.
  • Niara Dennst. ex Kostel.
  • Oerstedianthus Lundell
  • Pimelandra A. DC.
  • Pyrgus Lour.
  • Stigmatococca Willd. ex Schult. & Schult. f.

Ardisia (coralberry or marlberry) is a genus of flowering plants in the family Primulaceae. It was in the former Myrsinaceae family now recognised as the myrsine sub-family Myrsinoideae.[1] They are distributed in the Americas, Asia, Australia, and the Pacific Islands, mainly in the tropics.[2][3] There are over 700 accepted species.[4] One species, Ardisia japonica is one of the 50 fundamental herbs in traditional Chinese medicine.

These are trees, shrubs, and subshrubs. Most have alternately arranged leaves. Flowers are borne in many forms of inflorescence. The flowers have usually 4 or 5 green sepals and a bell-shaped corolla of usually 4 or 5 white or pink petals. The fruit is a somewhat fleshy drupe.[2][3] The defining characteristic of the genus is the small tube formed at the center of the flower by the stamens, which are joined at their bases.[5]

Species[edit]

Selected species include:[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2009). "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III" (PDF). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 161 (2): 116 (105–121). doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00996.x. Retrieved 2013-07-06.
  2. ^ a b Ardisia. Flora of North America.
  3. ^ a b Ardisia. Flora of China.
  4. ^ a b "Ardisia Sw". Plants of the World Online. Royal Botanical Gardens Kew. Retrieved 6 January 2019.
  5. ^ Pipoly, J. J. and J. M. Ricketson. (2005). New species and nomenclatural notes in Mesoamerican Ardisia (Myrsinaceae). Novon 15(1), 190-201.