Ardlethan

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Ardlethan
New South Wales
ArdlethanMainStreet.JPG
Ariah Street, the main street of Ardlethan
Ardlethan is located in New South Wales
Ardlethan
Ardlethan
Coordinates34°21′0″S 146°54′0″E / 34.35000°S 146.90000°E / -34.35000; 146.90000Coordinates: 34°21′0″S 146°54′0″E / 34.35000°S 146.90000°E / -34.35000; 146.90000
Population387 (2016 census)[1]
Postcode(s)2665
Elevation204 m (669 ft)
Location
LGA(s)Coolamon Shire Council
CountyBourke
State electorate(s)Cootamundra
Federal Division(s)Riverina
Mean max temp Mean min temp Annual rainfall
23.0 °C
73 °F
9.2 °C
49 °F
481.8 mm
19 in

Ardlethan (/ɑːrdˈlθən/) is a small service town in the Coolamon Shire in New South Wales, Australia. Ardlethan is at the intersection of the Burley Griffin Way and Newell Highway.[3]

Ardlethan lays claim to be the birthplace of the Australian kelpie.[4]

History[edit]

Ardlethan was established in the 19th century after gold was discovered but gold mining was short-lived. The railway line opened in 1908. Passenger services ceased in 1983 however the line remains open for goods trains.[5]

Warri Post Office opened on 1 October 1907 and was renamed Ardlethan in 1908.[6]

Tin mining began in 1912, and became an economic backbone of the town. A major labour strike in the 1930s gained national coverage. The open cut pit was at one time the largest in the Southern Hemisphere, and is located approximately 5 kilometers North West of the township. Mining eventually went underground and continued through to the late 1980s. The tin mine was reopened in late 2001, particularly for alluvial mining, but closed in mid-2004 after Marlborough Resources was placed under voluntary administration due to disappointing results at its new processing plant, poor tin price hedging results, and lower-than-expected tin reserves.[7] Australian Tin Resources Pty Ltd (ATR) now owns the mine. As at 24 January 2019 ATR had received Development Application consent from Coolamon Shire Council for a Rehabilitation and Tailings Reprocessing Project on the site. They intend to first carry out small scale pilot plant processing operations on site for about 2-3 months to prove up the processing technology, before increasing the scale of the operations.[1]

Population[edit]

In the 2016 Census, there were 387 people in the Ardlethan urban centre. 77.1% of people were born in Australia and 81.5% of people only spoke English at home.[1]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Ardlethan Post Office
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 44.4
(111.9)
44.4
(111.9)
39.4
(102.9)
32.2
(90.0)
27.0
(80.6)
23.8
(74.8)
25.9
(78.6)
25.6
(78.1)
33.9
(93.0)
35.0
(95.0)
39.0
(102.2)
42.7
(108.9)
44.4
(111.9)
Average high °C (°F) 32.3
(90.1)
31.1
(88.0)
28.7
(83.7)
23.3
(73.9)
18.0
(64.4)
14.7
(58.5)
14.1
(57.4)
15.6
(60.1)
19.2
(66.6)
22.7
(72.9)
25.9
(78.6)
30.5
(86.9)
23.0
(73.4)
Average low °C (°F) 16.3
(61.3)
16.4
(61.5)
13.5
(56.3)
9.4
(48.9)
6.1
(43.0)
3.3
(37.9)
2.7
(36.9)
3.6
(38.5)
5.8
(42.4)
8.8
(47.8)
10.6
(51.1)
13.9
(57.0)
9.2
(48.6)
Record low °C (°F) 6.0
(42.8)
6.7
(44.1)
3.3
(37.9)
−0.6
(30.9)
−3.3
(26.1)
−4.4
(24.1)
−6.1
(21.0)
−3.9
(25.0)
−3.3
(26.1)
−1.7
(28.9)
2.2
(36.0)
5.0
(41.0)
−6.1
(21.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 42.4
(1.67)
38.7
(1.52)
36.8
(1.45)
35.9
(1.41)
40.4
(1.59)
42.1
(1.66)
42.8
(1.69)
42.6
(1.68)
38.8
(1.53)
44.7
(1.76)
39.3
(1.55)
37.3
(1.47)
481.8
(18.97)
Average rainy days 4.3 3.9 3.9 4.5 6.2 7.9 8.8 8.4 7.0 6.7 5.1 4.5 71.2
Source: [8]

References[edit]

Ardlethan Station
  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Ardlethan (L) (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 4 February 2018. Edit this at Wikidata
  2. ^ Travelmate Archived 25 March 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ Coolamon Shire Council Retrieved 1 January 2007. Archived 24 August 2006 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ Sydney Morning Herald – Retrieved 1 January 2007.
  5. ^ Ardlethan Station. NSWrail.net, accessed 10 November 2010.
  6. ^ Premier Postal History, Post Office List, retrieved 11 June 2009
  7. ^ USGS Minerals - Tin in August 2004 – Retrieved September 2009.
  8. ^ "Ardlethan Post Office climate averages". Bureau of Meteorology. Commonwealth of Australia. 2 June 2011. Archived from the original on 5 June 2011. Retrieved 5 June 2011.

External links[edit]

Preceding station   NSW Branch lines   Following station
towards Roto
Temora- Roto Line
towards Temora