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Ardmore, Oklahoma

Coordinates: 34°17′22″N 97°09′59″W / 34.28944°N 97.16639°W / 34.28944; -97.16639
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Ardmore, Oklahoma
Official seal of Ardmore, Oklahoma
Location in the state of Oklahoma
Location in the state of Oklahoma
Coordinates: 34°17′22″N 97°09′59″W / 34.28944°N 97.16639°W / 34.28944; -97.16639
CountryUnited States
 • MayorDoug Pfau [citation needed]
 • Total51.76 sq mi (134.06 km2)
 • Land49.83 sq mi (129.06 km2)
 • Water1.93 sq mi (5.00 km2)
Elevation879 ft (268 m)
 • Total24,725
 • Density496.20/sq mi (191.58/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−6 (CDT)
ZIP codes
Area code580
FIPS code40-02600[3]
GNIS feature ID2409727[2]

Ardmore is the county seat of Carter County, Oklahoma, United States.[4] The population was 24,725 at the time of the 2020 census,[5] a 1.8% increase over the 2010 census figure of 24,283.[6] The Ardmore micropolitan statistical area had an estimated population of 48,491 in 2013.[7] Ardmore is 90 miles (140 km) from both Oklahoma City and Dallas/Fort Worth, Texas, at the junction of Interstate 35 and U.S. Highway 70, and is generally considered the hub of the 13-county region of South Central Oklahoma, also known by state tourism pamphlets as "Chickasaw Country" and previously "Lake and Trail Country". It is also a part of the Texoma region. Ardmore is situated about 9 miles (14 km) south of the Arbuckle Mountains and is located at the eastern margin of the Healdton Basin, one of the most oil-rich regions of the United States.

Ardmore was named after the affluent Philadelphia suburb and historic PRR Main Line stop of Ardmore, Pennsylvania, which was named after Ardmore in County Waterford, Ireland, by the Pennsylvania Railroad in 1873. The name "Ardmore" is Irish for high grounds or hills.


Main and Washington streets, downtown Ardmore

Ardmore, Indian Territory, began with a plowed ditch for a Main Street in the summer of 1887 in Pickens County, Chickasaw Nation. It owes much of its existence to the construction of the Santa Fe Railroad through the area during that time. It grew, as most frontier towns grew, over the years into a trading outpost for the region. A large fire in 1895 destroyed much of the fledgling town, which forced residents to rebuild nearly the entire town.[8] In the early 1900s, Ardmore became well known for its abundance of cotton-growing fields and eventually became known as the world's largest inland cotton port.

The city found itself positioned next to one of the largest oil fields ever produced in Oklahoma, the Healdton Oil Field. After its discovery in 1913, entrepreneurs and wildcatters flooded the area, and Carter County quickly became the largest oil-producing county in Oklahoma, and has remained so ever since.[9] Ardmore has remained an energy center for the region ever since, with the region's natural wealth giving birth to such energy giants as the Noble Energy companies, among others. On September 27, 1915, a railroad car containing casing gas exploded, killing 43 people, injuring many, and destroying much of downtown, including areas rebuilt after the 1895 fire.[10] The disaster, which made national news, gave residents the resolve to establish the city's first fire department to ensure that such events would not recur in the future. On April 22, 1966, Ardmore was the site of the worst plane crash in Oklahoma history, which killed 83 people.[11] On May 7, 1995, an F3 tornado struck Ardmore, killing three people and injuring six others.[12]


Ardmore was home to minor league baseball. The Ardmore Cardinals was the primary name of Ardmore teams that played as members of the Texas League (1904), Texas-Oklahoma League (1911–1914), Western Association (1917), Texas-Oklahoma League (1921–1922), Western Association (1923), Oklahoma State League (1924), Western Association (1924–1926), Sooner State League (1947–1957) and Texas League (1961). Ardmore captured league championships in 1923, 1925 and 1957. Ardmore was an affiliate of the Cleveland Indians (1947–1948), St. Louis Cardinals (1953–1957) and Baltimore Orioles (1961).[citation needed]

Baseball Hall of Fame inductee Carl Hubbell played for the Ardmore Bearcats in 1924, his first professional season.[13]


Panorama looking east, downtown Ardmore

Ardmore is located in southeastern Carter County. It is bordered to the west by the city of Lone Grove and to the east by the town of Dickson. Via Interstate 35, which passes through the west side of Ardmore, Oklahoma City is 97 miles (156 km) to the north, while Fort Worth, Texas, is 103 miles (166 km) to the south.

According to the United States Census Bureau, Ardmore has a total area of 51.8 square miles (134.1 km2), of which 49.9 square miles (129.2 km2) is land and 1.9 square miles (4.9 km2), or 3.67%, is water.[14]

Ardmore is located approximately 10 miles (16 km) south of the Arbuckles, an ancient, eroded range spanning some 62 mi (100 km) across southern Oklahoma. The geology is highly variegated within the area, with uplifted and folded ridges visible within the shoreline of some of the lakes surrounding Ardmore. The city of Ardmore has no intracity streams or rivers, but is part of the Washita and Red River watersheds, with two tributaries, Caddo and Hickory creeks, flanking the broad, low area in which Ardmore is situated. Ardmore is also 3.1 mi (5 km) north of Lake Murray, an impoundment of the two arms of Anadarche Creek, which eventually flows into the western reaches of Lake Texoma.


Climate data for Ardmore, Oklahoma
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 83
Mean daily maximum °F (°C) 53
Mean daily minimum °F (°C) 29
Record low °F (°C) −4
Average precipitation inches (mm) 1.8
Average snowfall inches (cm) 2.1
Source: Weatherbase.com [15]


Historical population

As of the census of 2010, there were 24,283 people living in the city.[21] The population density was 482.7 inhabitants per square mile (186.4/km2). There were 10,926 housing units at an average density of 222.4 per square mile (85.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 73.02% White, 11.27% African American, 8.78% Native American, 0.99% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.55% from other races, and 4.37% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.70% of the population.

There were 9,646 households, out of which 30.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.4% were married couples living together, 31.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.6% were non-families. 14.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.95.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 25.1% under the age of 18, 8.1% from 18 to 24, 25.8% from 25 to 44, 22.2% from 45 to 64, and 18.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 110.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 108.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $28,046, and the median income for a family was $37,758. Males had a median income of $28,685 versus $23,070 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,502. About 13.6% of families and 18.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.9% of those under age 18 and 12.0% of those age 65 or over.


Ardmore is the principal center of trade for a ten-county region in South Central Oklahoma, with a retail pull factor of 1.7–1.9. Ardmore's major employers are Michelin North America, with 1,900 employees, who announced its plan to close in 2025, and Mercy Hospital Ardmore, with 900 employees. Several hundred employees work for regional distribution centers for Best Buy, Dollar Tree (Marietta) and Dollar General Stores, among others. Until early 2009, Ardmore was also home to a large regional distribution center for the now-defunct retail electronics chain Circuit City and was also home to a 1-800-flowers call center. In 2010 Ardmore lost another technology company, IMTEC, which was purchased by 3M and moved away to California. The 85,000 bbl/d (13,500 m3/d) Valero refinery in northeast Ardmore employs some 250 area residents. Ardmore is also home to the Samuel Roberts Noble Foundation, among the nation's 50 largest private foundations, primarily engaged in agricultural bioresearch activities. In 2001, East Jordan Iron Works opened a foundry located at the Ardmore Industrial Airpark. On September 24, 2020, Oklahoma Blood Institute opened one of the largest blood donation facilities in the state in Oklahoma .

Arts and culture[edit]

Central Park, view towards historic bandstand, downtown Ardmore
Charles B. Goddard Center for the Visual and Performing Arts, downtown Ardmore

Ardmore is home to many pioneers in the dawn of the American oil industry and the wealth of the oil industry has been channeled into many philanthropical endeavors, as well as reinvested into the area in various art and infrastructure endowments.[citation needed]

Amenities include:

  • Ardmore Civic Auditorium, a historic city building that hosts concerts and other local events
  • Hardy Murphy Coliseum, historic WPA-built facility that hosts rodeos, cutting shows and various regional events

The Ardmore Masonic Lodge is one of the oldest civic organizations in Ardmore.

The movies Dillinger (1973) and Fast Charlie... the Moonbeam Rider (1979) were partially filmed in Ardmore.[22]


Colleges and universities[edit]

Ardmore is home to the University Center of Southern Oklahoma (a consortium-model system of higher education) which offers courses and degrees to the local population from four participating institutions of higher education: Murray State College, Southeastern Oklahoma State University, East Central University and Oklahoma State University (from the Oklahoma City campus).

Primary and secondary schools[edit]

Ardmore City Schools, Plainview Public Schools, and the Ardmore Christian School operate public schools in Ardmore.

Ardmore-Oak Hall Episcopal School is one of only three Episcopal diocesan schools in the state of Oklahoma [citation needed].

CareerTech has a campus here.


Tucker's Tower, on the eastern shore of Lake Murray, which borders the southern city limits of Ardmore


  • The Daily Ardmoreite, local newspaper since 1893.


  • KTEN – Channel 10 (NBC)
  • KTEN – DT Channel 10-2 (The CW Texoma)
  • KTEN – DT Channel 10-3 (ABC)
  • KXII – Channel 12 (CBS)
  • KXII – DT Channel 12-2 (My Texoma)
  • KXII – DT Channel 12-3 (FOX Texoma)
  • K36KE-D – DT Channel 36 (PBS OETA)



  • KVSO – 1240 on the radio dial


  • KLCU – 90.3 (Public/NPR – Cameron University, Lawton)
  • KFXI – 92.1 (Country)
  • KTRX – 92.7 (Classic Rock)
  • KKAJ – 95.7 (Country)
  • KICM – 97.7 (Country)
  • GTO – 107.1 (Oldies)


Historic Santa Fe Rail Station and adjacent track yard. This facility serves as the Amtrak station for Ardmore on the Heartland Flyer route.


Interstate 35 passes through the western side of Ardmore, as it traverses the United States from Duluth, Minnesota, to Laredo, Texas.

Ardmore has four exits off I-35:

Ardmore is also home to the junction of US-70 and US-77, SH-142 and SH-199. Ardmore is connected to Lake Murray via State Highway 77S.


Ardmore has two general aviation airports, Ardmore Downtown Executive Airport and Ardmore Municipal Airport. In the early 1950s, commercial air transportation was provided to the Municipal Airport by Central Airlines.[23] Currently, the nearest scheduled air service is available at Will Rogers World Airport in Oklahoma City and Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport, 99 miles (159 km) north and 95 miles (153 km) south of Ardmore, respectively. Ardmore is linked by rail with the DFW Airport via the Heartland Flyer to Trinity Railway Express connection.


Ardmore has one principal rail line,[24] that being one of the Burlington Northern Santa Fe mainlines running from Fort Worth, Texas to Oklahoma City (also connecting with Kansas City and Chicago), being the route of the current Heartland Flyer passenger rail service. This line was formerly part of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe rail network before the merger with Burlington Northern. The line dates back to 1887, and the first train arrived on July 28 in that year.[25] The company has multiple parallel tracks (5+) running through central Ardmore (MP 450.5), added concomitantly with the rise of the trading status of the city and region throughout the early 1900s. There is also a lightly used transverse rail spur from the BNSF line to the Michelin tire plant in west Ardmore, mainly intended for the transport of raw materials to the factory. BNSF has given Site Certification to the Ameripointe Logistics Park in Ardmore, meaning the railroad has identified the location as an optimal rail-served site meeting ten economic development criteria, intended to minimize development risks customers may face.[26]

Mass transit[edit]

The historic Santa Fe depot in downtown Ardmore is also a stop on Amtrak's Heartland Flyer train route, with daily service to and from Oklahoma City and Fort Worth.

Ardmore also has a scheduled stop on the Greyhound/Jefferson Bus Lines system.[27]

Southern Oklahoma Rural Transportation System (SORTS) began operations in 1985, and offers full services to the four counties of Bryan, Carter, Coal and Love. The program currently offers demand response services with contract transportation provided for work routes, medical routes and rural routes meeting the needs of the entire area.

In the early twentieth century, Ardmore had a fairly extensive traction (streetcar/interurban) railway system, franchised in February 1905, that linked outlying areas, such as the Dornick Hills Country Club, to the central business district.[25] The main part of the streetcar line originally ran down the center lane of Main Street. Service ended in 1922.

Historic buildings[edit]

The following are still present in Ardmore:

The NRHP-listed Choctaw, Oklahoma and Gulf Railroad Viaduct, previously in Ardmore, has been demolished. The Brady Cabin is given as 38 miles northwest of Ardmore.

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "ArcGIS REST Services Directory". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 20, 2022.
  2. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Ardmore, Oklahoma
  3. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  5. ^ "Ardmore (city), Oklahoma". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 31, 2023.
  6. ^ "Ardmore's Population Grows 2.4% in the Last 10 Years". Archived from the original on January 17, 2013. Retrieved March 12, 2011.
  7. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013 - United States -- Micropolitan Statistical Area (GCT-PEPANNRES)". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved February 6, 2015.
  8. ^ Bamburg, Maxine. "Ardmore" Archived September 16, 2009, at the Wayback Machine, Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture (accessed February 5, 2010).
  9. ^ "2005 Oil & Gas Annual Report (charting oil production from 1975-2005), Oklahoma Corporation Commission (PDF)" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on March 6, 2007. Retrieved May 1, 2007.
  10. ^ Burton, Laura M. "Ardmore Gas Explosion Archived 2014-06-30 at the Wayback Machine," Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture (accessed February 5, 2010).
  11. ^ airdisaster.com[usurped]
  12. ^ US Department of Commerce, NOAA. "Ardmore, Oklahoma Tornadoes (1875-Present)". www.weather.gov. Retrieved April 29, 2024.
  13. ^ "Carl Hubbell Minor Leagues Statistics & History". Baseball-Reference.com.
  14. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Ardmore city, Oklahoma". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 10, 2015. Retrieved February 6, 2015.
  15. ^ "Historical Weather for Ardmore, Oklahoma, United States".
  16. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013 (PEPANNRES): Incorporated Places in Oklahoma". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on January 31, 2015. Retrieved February 6, 2015.
  17. ^ "Population-Oklahoma" (PDF). U.S. Census 1910. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved November 22, 2013.
  18. ^ "Population-Oklahoma" (PDF). 15th Census of the United States. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved November 27, 2013.
  19. ^ "Number of Inhabitants: Oklahoma" (PDF). 18th Census of the United States. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved November 22, 2013.[permanent dead link]
  20. ^ "Oklahoma: Population and Housing Unit Counts" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved November 22, 2013.
  21. ^ "2010 City Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved October 18, 2013.[dead link]
  22. ^ "Before 'Killers of the Flower Moon' premiere, here are 55 other shot-in-Oklahoma films". Jimmie Tramel, Tulsa World, May 13, 2023. Retrieved May 15, 2023.
  23. ^ "Central Airlines, Effective June 5, 1950". Timetableimages.com. Retrieved October 1, 2020.
  24. ^ "Rail Network Map, BNSF Texas Operating Region, 2005 (PDF)" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on July 11, 2007. Retrieved July 5, 2007.
  25. ^ a b "Events in the Early History of Ardmore, Oklahoma". Archived from the original on July 11, 2007. Retrieved July 5, 2007.
  26. ^ "Certified Sites". BNSF Railway. Retrieved September 23, 2021.
  27. ^ "Greyhound Bus Stations in Oklahoma". Greyhound. Retrieved January 10, 2021.
  28. ^ "About Us". Ardmore Main Street. Archived from the original on February 21, 2020. Retrieved February 22, 2020.
  29. ^ "IMDB: Mark Gastineau". IMDb. Archived from the original on February 14, 2008. Retrieved March 26, 2008.
  30. ^ Jeff Reed (2014). "The "Dad" Of East Texas Oil – The Story of Columbus Marion Joiner". oilpro.com. Archived from the original on February 11, 2015. Retrieved February 10, 2015.
  31. ^ "WALT LAMB". profootballarchives.com. Archived from the original on September 9, 2015. Retrieved October 29, 2015.
  32. ^ "NOBLE, SAMUEL LLOYD (1896–1950)". Archived from the original on July 30, 2010. Retrieved October 28, 2009.
  33. ^ "Michael Schwab". Graphis magazine. Retrieved January 2, 2021.

External links[edit]

Sister projects[edit]