Ardres

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Ardres
Lakes north of Ardres
Lakes north of Ardres
Coat of arms of Ardres
Coat of arms
Location of Ardres
Ardres is located in France
Ardres
Ardres
Ardres is located in Hauts-de-France
Ardres
Ardres
Coordinates: 50°51′20″N 1°58′42″E / 50.8556°N 1.9783°E / 50.8556; 1.9783Coordinates: 50°51′20″N 1°58′42″E / 50.8556°N 1.9783°E / 50.8556; 1.9783
CountryFrance
RegionHauts-de-France
DepartmentPas-de-Calais
ArrondissementCalais
CantonCalais-2
IntercommunalityCommunauté de communes des Pays d'Opale
Government
 • Mayor (2014-2020) Ludovic Loquet
Area
1
13.52 km2 (5.22 sq mi)
Population
 (2016-01-01)[1]
4,498
 • Density330/km2 (860/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
62038 /62610
Elevation2–17 m (6.6–55.8 ft)
(avg. 11 m or 36 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Ardres is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in northern France.

Geography[edit]

Ardres is located 10.1 mi by rail (station is at Pont-d'Ardres, a few km from Ardres) S.S.E. of Calais, with which it is also connected by a canal (with limited turning space). It is one of three towns known as the Les Trois Pays ("the Three Countries"), the other two being Guînes and Licques.

History[edit]

Ardes, the first town in the French king's land, has a rich and vibrant history as a military and trading post for the English from 1347 to 1558.

The "Field of the Cloth of Gold", where Henry VIII of England and Francis I of France met in 1520, was at Balinghem in the immediate neighbourhood. The town has been an important market for cattle.[2]

Population[edit]

The inhabitants are called Ardrésiens.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1793 1,596—    
1800 1,466−8.1%
1806 1,645+12.2%
1821 1,844+12.1%
1831 2,016+9.3%
1836 2,150+6.6%
1841 2,195+2.1%
1846 2,112−3.8%
1851 2,071−1.9%
1856 2,031−1.9%
1861 2,277+12.1%
1866 2,189−3.9%
1872 2,143−2.1%
1876 2,223+3.7%
1881 2,293+3.1%
1886 2,274−0.8%
1891 2,473+8.8%
1896 2,522+2.0%
1901 2,597+3.0%
1906 2,717+4.6%
1911 2,785+2.5%
1921 2,839+1.9%
1926 2,708−4.6%
1931 2,625−3.1%
1936 2,719+3.6%
1946 2,901+6.7%
1954 2,939+1.3%
1962 2,997+2.0%
1968 3,195+6.6%
1975 3,126−2.2%
1982 3,390+8.4%
1990 3,936+16.1%
1999 4,154+5.5%
2005 4,171+0.4%
2006 4,191+0.5%
2009 4,213+0.5%
2010 4,223+0.2%
2015 4,320+2.3%

Sights[edit]

Major tourist attractions at Ardres include the Chapelle des Carmes and the Eglise Notre Dame de Grâce.

There are also some lakes (created when peat was removed) which provide fishing and sailing.

Personalities[edit]

  • Jean-Marie Dorsenne (1773–1812), a French military commander of the Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars, was born in Ardres

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2016". INSEE. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
  2. ^  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Ardres". Encyclopædia Britannica. 2 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 451.