Ardres

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Ardres
Lakes north of Ardres
Lakes north of Ardres
Coat of arms of Ardres
Coat of arms
Ardres is located in France
Ardres
Ardres
Coordinates: 50°51′20″N 1°58′42″E / 50.8556°N 1.9783°E / 50.8556; 1.9783Coordinates: 50°51′20″N 1°58′42″E / 50.8556°N 1.9783°E / 50.8556; 1.9783
Country France
Region Hauts-de-France
Department Pas-de-Calais
Arrondissement Saint-Omer
Canton Ardres
Area1 13.52 km2 (5.22 sq mi)
Population (2009)2 4,213
 • Density 310/km2 (810/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code 62038 /62610
Elevation 2–17 m (6.6–55.8 ft)
(avg. 11 m or 36 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Ardres is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in northern France.

Geography[edit]

Ardres is located 10.1 mi by rail (station is at Pont-d'Ardres, a few km from Ardres) S.S.E. of Calais, with which it is also connected by a canal (very limited turning space). It is one of three towns known as the Les Trois Pays ("the Three Countries"), the other two being Guînes and Licques.

History[edit]

Ardes, the first town in the French king's land, has a rich and vibrant history as a military and trading post for the English from 1347 to 1558.

The "Field of the Cloth of Gold", where Henry VIII of England and Francis I of France met in 1520, was at Balinghem in the immediate neighbourhood. The town is an important market for cattle.

Population[edit]

The inhabitants are called Ardrésiens.

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1793 1,596 —    
1800 1,466 −8.1%
1806 1,645 +12.2%
1821 1,844 +12.1%
1831 2,016 +9.3%
1836 2,150 +6.6%
1841 2,195 +2.1%
1846 2,112 −3.8%
1851 2,071 −1.9%
1856 2,031 −1.9%
1861 2,277 +12.1%
1866 2,189 −3.9%
1872 2,143 −2.1%
1876 2,223 +3.7%
1881 2,293 +3.1%
1886 2,274 −0.8%
1891 2,473 +8.8%
1896 2,522 +2.0%
1901 2,597 +3.0%
1906 2,717 +4.6%
1911 2,785 +2.5%
1921 2,839 +1.9%
1926 2,708 −4.6%
1931 2,625 −3.1%
1936 2,719 +3.6%
1946 2,901 +6.7%
1954 2,939 +1.3%
1962 2,997 +2.0%
1968 3,195 +6.6%
1975 3,126 −2.2%
1982 3,390 +8.4%
1990 3,936 +16.1%
1999 4,153 +5.5%
2006 4,191 +0.9%
2009 4,213 +0.5%

Sights[edit]

Major tourist attractions at Ardres include the Chapelle des Carmes and the Eglise Notre Dame de Grâce.

There are also some lakes (created when peat was removed) which provide fishing and sailing.

Personalities[edit]

  • Jean-Marie Dorsenne (1773–1812), a French military commander of the Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars, was born in Ardres

See also[edit]

References[edit]