Ardstraw

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Ardstraw
Ardstraw Presbyterian Church - geograph.org.uk - 135242.jpg
Ardstraw Presbyterian Church
Ardstraw is located in Northern Ireland
Ardstraw
Ardstraw
Location within Northern Ireland
Population222 (2001 Census)
Irish grid referenceH348874
District
County
CountryNorthern Ireland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townSTRABANE
Postcode districtBT82
Dialling code028, +44 28
EU ParliamentNorthern Ireland
UK Parliament
NI Assembly
List of places
UK
Northern Ireland
Tyrone
54°44′02″N 7°27′35″W / 54.7339°N 7.45972°W / 54.7339; -7.45972Coordinates: 54°44′02″N 7°27′35″W / 54.7339°N 7.45972°W / 54.7339; -7.45972

Ardstraw (from Irish: Ard Sratha (hill or height of the holm or strath)[1]) is a small village, townland and civil parish in County Tyrone, Northern Ireland, three miles northwest of Newtownstewart. In the 2001 Census it had a population of 222 people (81 houses).[2]

Ardstraw was once the seat of an important bishopric, as well as the ancient resting place of the local branch of the O'Neill clan. Today, the village is a key part of a thriving farming community. The stone mill buildings at Ardstraw are a distinctive riverside feature on the River Derg.

Bishopric[edit]

The Diocese of Ardstraw was founded in the 6th century by Saint Eoghan. It is one of the dioceses recognized by the Synod of Ráth Breasail in 1111. Although the 1152 Synod of Kells replaced it in its list of dioceses with that of Maghera, the seat of which was later moved to Derry, bishops of Ardstraw continued to exist until the early 13th century, when the see was finally united to that of Derry.[3][4][5]

No longer a residential bishopric it is today listed by the Catholic Church as a titular see.[6]

John de Courcy[edit]

In 1198, John de Courcy, a Norman knight who had invaded Ulster in 1177, destroyed the church of Ardstraw on his way to Inishowen.[7]

Ardstraw townland[edit]

The townland is situated in the historic barony of Strabane Lower and the civil parish of Ardstraw and covers an area of 353 acres.[8]

The population of the townland declined during the 19th century:[9][10]

Year 1841 1851 1861 1871 1881 1891
Population 156 132 144 88 71 56
Houses 34 27 30 20 14 12

Sport[edit]

Ardstraw F.C. plays association football in the Northern Ireland Intermediate League.

Civil parish of Ardstraw[edit]

The parish is largely situated in the historic barony of Strabane Lower and partly in Omagh West.

The parish contains the following towns and villages:

Townlands[edit]

The parish contains the following townlands:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ardstraw". Place Names NI. Retrieved 18 March 2013.
  2. ^ "List of all settlements with population of over 50 people". NI Neighbourhood Information Service. Retrieved 28 December 2012.
  3. ^ Ard Sratha (Ardstraw)
  4. ^ Saint Eoghan or Eugene of Ardstraw 6th century (Patron of Derry Diocese)
  5. ^ Henry Cotton, The Succession of the Prelates and Members of the Cathedral Bodies of Ireland. Fasti ecclesiae Hiberniae, Vol. 3, The Province of Ulster, Dublin, Hodges and Smith 1849, pp. 307–311
  6. ^ Annuario Pontificio 2013 (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 2013 ISBN 978-88-209-9070-1), p. 838
  7. ^ DeBreffny, D; Mott, G (1976). The Churches and Abbeys of Ireland. London: Thames & Hudson. pp. 60–61.
  8. ^ "Townlands of County Tyrone". IreAtlas Townland Database. Retrieved 28 December 2012.
  9. ^ "Census of Ireland 1851". Enhanced Parliamentary Papers on Ireland. Retrieved 28 December 2012.
  10. ^ "Census of Ireland 1891". Enhanced Parliamentary Papers on Ireland. Retrieved 28 December 2012.