Ardud

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Ardud
Town
Ardud fortress
Ardud fortress
Coat of arms of Ardud
Coat of arms
Location of Ardud
Location of Ardud
Ardud is located in Romania
Ardud
Ardud
Location of Ardud
Coordinates: 47°38′N 22°53′E / 47.633°N 22.883°E / 47.633; 22.883Coordinates: 47°38′N 22°53′E / 47.633°N 22.883°E / 47.633; 22.883
Country Romania
CountySatu Mare County
StatusTown
Government
 • MayorMike Pietrini
Population
(2002)[1]
 • Total5,889
Ethnicity
 • Romanians59.2%
 • Hungarians18.6%
 • Gypsies16.1%
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
ClimateCfb
Websitehttp://www.ardud.ro/

Ardud (Hungarian: Erdőd, Hungarian pronunciation: [ˈɛrdøːd]; German: Erdeed) is a town situated in Satu Mare County, Transylvania, Romania. It administers five villages: Ardud-Vii (Erdődhegy), Baba Novac (Lajosmajor), Gerăușa (Oláhgyűrűs), Mădăras (Nagymadarász) and Sărătura (Sóspuszta).

History[edit]

It has a complex political history with periods of Ottoman rule, Habsburg Monarchy, Principality of Transylvania, Kingdom of Hungary and Kingdom of Romania. After the Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867, it became part of the Kingdom of Hungary within Austria-Hungary.

After break-up of Austria-Hungary in 1918/1920, the town became part of Romania. As a result of the Second Vienna Award it became a part of Hungary between 1940 and 1945. Since then it has been part of Romania.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1869 4,357—    
1880 4,071−6.6%
1890 4,926+21.0%
1900 5,742+16.6%
1910 6,302+9.8%
1930 7,313+16.0%
1941 8,047+10.0%
1992 6,572−18.3%
2002 6,486−1.3%
2011 5,889−9.2%
Source: Census data[2]

The 2011 census recorded a total population of 5,889. Of these, 59.2% were Romanians, 18.6% Hungarians, 16.1% Roma and 4.8% Germans.[1] In 2002, 41.7% were Romanian Orthodox, 32.7% Roman Catholic, 13.9% Greek-Catholic, 5.1% Pentecostal, 4.2% Reformed and 2.3% Baptist.[3]

Notable residents[edit]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Ardud is twinned with:

References[edit]