Ardud

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Ardud
Town
Ardud fortress
Ardud fortress
Coat of arms of Ardud
Coat of arms
Location of Ardud
Location of Ardud
Country  Romania
County Satu Mare County
Status Town
Government
 • Mayor Duma Ovidiu Marius
Population (2002)[1]
 • Total 5,889
Ethnicity
 • Romanians 59.2%
 • Hungarians 18.6%
 • Gypsies 16.1%
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Climate Cfb
Website http://www.ardud.ro/

Ardud (Hungarian: Erdőd, Hungarian pronunciation: [ˈɛrdøːd]; German: Erdeed) is a town situated in Satu Mare County, Transylvania, Romania. It administers five villages: Ardud-Vii (Erdődhegy), Baba Novac (Lajosmajor), Gerăușa (Oláhgyűrűs), Mădăras (Nagymadarász) and Sărătura (Sóspuszta).

History[edit]

It has a complex political history with periods of Ottoman rule, Habsburg Monarchy, Principality of Transylvania, Kingdom of Hungary and Kingdom of Romania. After the Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867, it became part of the Kingdom of Hungary within Austria-Hungary.

After break-up of Austria-Hungary in 1918/1920, the town became part of Romania. As a result of the Second Vienna Award it became a part of Hungary between 1940 and 1945. Since then it has been part of Romania.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1869 4,357 —    
1880 4,071 −6.6%
1890 4,926 +21.0%
1900 5,742 +16.6%
1910 6,302 +9.8%
1930 7,313 +16.0%
1941 8,047 +10.0%
1992 6,572 −18.3%
2002 6,486 −1.3%
2011 5,889 −9.2%
Source: Census data[2]

The 2011 census recorded a total population of 5,889. Of these, 59.2% were Romanians, 18.6% Hungarians, 16.1% Roma and 4.8% Germans.[1] In 2002, 41.7% were Romanian Orthodox, 32.7% Roman Catholic, 13.9% Greek-Catholic, 5.1% Pentecostal, 4.2% Reformed and 2.3% Baptist.[3]

Notable residents[edit]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Ardud is twinned with:

References[edit]

Coordinates: 47°38′N 22°53′E / 47.633°N 22.883°E / 47.633; 22.883