Q. Are We Not Men? A: We Are Devo!
|Q: Are We Not Men?|
A: We Are Devo!
|Studio album by|
|Released||August 28, 1978|
|Recorded||October 1977 – February 1978|
|Singles from Q: Are We Not Men? A: We Are Devo!|
Cover of European editions
Q: Are We Not Men? A: We Are Devo! is the debut studio album by the American new wave band Devo. It was originally released in August 1978 on the Warner Bros. label (Virgin Records in Europe.) Produced by Brian Eno, the album was recorded between October 1977 and February 1978, primarily in Cologne, Germany.
The album received somewhat mixed reviews from critics and peaked at No. 78 on the U.S. Billboard chart and No. 12 on the UK Albums Chart. Recent reviews of the album have been more uniformly positive and the album has charted on several retrospective "best of" lists from publications including Rolling Stone, Pitchfork Media, and Spin.
On May 6, 2009, Devo performed the album live in its entirety for the first time as part of the Don't Look Back concert series curated by All Tomorrow's Parties. On September 16, 2009, Warner Bros. and Devo announced a re-release of Q: Are We Not Men? and Freedom of Choice, with a tour performing both albums.
Production and recording
In 1977, David Bowie and Iggy Pop received a tape of Devo demo songs from the wife of Michael Aylward, guitarist in another Akron, Ohio band, Tin Huey. Both Pop and Bowie, as well as Brian Eno and Robert Fripp, expressed interest in producing Devo's first release. At Devo's New York debut show in 1977, Bowie proclaimed that "this is the band of the future, I'm going to produce them in Tokyo this winter." Eventually, Eno was chosen to produce the album at Conny Plank's studio located near Cologne, Germany. Bowie was busy with filming Just a Gigolo but helped Eno produce the record during weekends. Two tracks, "Come Back Jonee" and "Shrivel-Up", were recorded at Different Fur in San Francisco, California; proprietor Patrick Gleeson co-engineered the album. All tracks were mixed at Plank's studio. Since Devo was without a record deal, Eno paid for the flights and studio cost for the band, confident that the band would be signed to a record contract. In return for his work on the album, Eno asked for a share of any subsequent deals.
The recording sessions were a source of frustration for Eno and Devo. Eno found the band unwilling to experiment or deviate from their early demonstrations of recorded songs. Devo later admitted that "we were overtly resistant to Eno's ideas. He made up synth parts and really cool sounds for almost every part of the album, but we used them on three or four songs." A majority of the tracks were later remixed by David Bowie; excluding "Space Junk", and "Shrivel Up", which had Eno's production still intact.
The phrase "Are we not men?" is from The Island of Doctor Moreau (1896), by H. G. Wells. It is part of the litany of the Law, spoken by the Speaker of the Law to the Beast Folk, creatures surgically force-evolved by the mad doctor.
The cover was illustrated by Joe Heiner. According to an essay by Devo co-founder and bass guitarist Gerald Casale included on the Complete Truth About De-evolution DVD, the cover of their debut album is based on an image of the famous professional golfer Juan "Chi-Chi" Rodríguez that they had found on a golf strap. According to Casale, David Berman, Senior Vice President of business affairs at their recording company Warner Bros., decided that the image could not be used because "he was a golf fan and felt we were making fun of Chi Chi." The band offered to contact Rodriguez personally but had time constraints, due to the forthcoming production of their album. The manager of the company's art department, Rick Serini, recommended an artist who could airbrush and alter the face of the picture, while lead singer Mark Mothersbaugh offered a picture he'd procured from a local newspaper that morphed the faces of U.S. presidents John F. Kennedy, Lyndon B. Johnson, Richard Nixon and Gerald Ford. These ideas were later morphed with the original "Chi Chi" Rodriguez image to create the cover art of the album.
The band did eventually get Rodriguez's permission to use the original photograph. Since the "morphed" album sleeves were already in production by that time, Serini claimed it would cost the band $2,500 to halt production and reinstate the image intended originally by the band, which forced the band to keep the morphed version. According to Casale, "we were able to come out with something that by the corporate interference and misunderstanding of the business side of Warner Bros. Records, actually unwittingly produced something far more Devo than the original [image]." The original cover illustration, with Rodriguez's face intact, turned up on the picture sleeve for the band's third single "Be Stiff".
The European version has a completely different artwork, consisting of two photographs similar to the stills on the American version's inner sleeve (front cover: man with goggles, bow tie, and rubber gloves, back cover: heads with sunglasses under nylon stockings).
Devo received offers to release Q: Are We Not Men? A: We Are Devo! from Warner Bros., Island, Virgin and David Bowie's production company Bewlay Brothers. Virgin obtained rights to release the album in the United Kingdom, while Warner Bros. held the rights for North America. The album was released in the United States on August 28, 1978 and in the United Kingdom on September 1, 1978. Virgin also released a picture disc version of the album, illustrated with a still from the band's 1976 music film The Truth About De-Evolution.
In North America, Q: Are We Not Men? A: We Are Devo! peaked at No. 78 on the Billboard charts, while in the United Kingdom it entered the charts on September 16, 1978 and remained there for seven weeks, peaking at No. 12. Q: Are We Not Men? A: We Are Devo! was also successful in Japan. The album went "gold" in the United States on July 27, 2001 and "silver" in the United Kingdom on January 15, 1979.
|Encyclopedia of Popular Music|||
|The Rolling Stone Album Guide|||
|Spin Alternative Record Guide||9/10|
|The Village Voice||B+|
Initial critical reaction to Q: Are We Not Men? A: We Are Devo! was somewhat mixed. Tom Carson, writing in Rolling Stone, claimed that "There's not an ounce of feeling anywhere, and the only commitment is to the distancing aesthetic of the put-on", and opined that "Devo lacks most of Eno's warmth and much of Bowie's flair for mechanized melodrama. For all its idiosyncrasies, the music here is utterly impersonal." Critic Robert Christgau of The Village Voice gave the album a positive rating of a B+, but noted, "In small doses it's as good as novelty music ever gets, and there isn't a really bad cut on this album. But it leads nowhere." Nonetheless, it was voted one of the best albums of the year in the Village Voice's Pazz & Jop critics poll for 1978. In January 1980, Trouser Press also named it one of the best albums of 1978.
Later reception of the album has been more uniformly positive. Steve Huey of the online music database AllMusic scored the album four and a half "stars" terming it "arguably Devo's strongest set of material, though several brilliant peaks can overshadow the remainder", and "a seminal touchstone in the development of American new wave." Q: Are We Not Men? A: We Are Devo! has scored on several "best of" lists, including Spin's 50 Most Essential Punk Records, Pitchfork Media's top 100 albums of the 1970s and Rolling Stone's list of The 500 Greatest Albums of All Time. It is also listed in the book 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die.
|1.||"Uncontrollable Urge"||Mark Mothersbaugh||3:09|
|2.||"(I Can't Get No) Satisfaction"||2:40|
|6.||"Jocko Homo"||M. Mothersbaugh||3:40|
|7.||"Too Much Paranoias"||M. Mothersbaugh||1:57|
|8.||"Gut Feeling" / "(Slap Your Mammy)"||4:54|
|9.||"Come Back Jonee"||3:47|
|10.||"Sloppy (I Saw My Baby Gettin')"||2:40|
On the European artwork the second songs appears as "Satisfaction (I Can't Get Me No)".
|CD Track listings|
All tracks written by Mark Mothersbaugh and Gerald Casale, except where noted.|
2009 Deluxe Remastered Edition
- Mark Mothersbaugh – lead and background vocals; keyboards; guitar
- Gerald Casale – lead and background vocals; bass guitar; keyboards
- Bob Mothersbaugh – lead guitar; backing vocals
- Bob Casale – rhythm guitar; keyboards; backing vocals
- Alan Myers – drums
- Brian Eno – producer; additional synthesizers on "Space Junk", and "Shrivel Up"; distorted vocals on "Space Junk"
- David Bowie – additional co-production
- Patrick Gleeson – engineer
- Dave Hutchins – engineer
|Australian Kent Music Report Albums Chart||57|
|UK Albums Chart||12|
|US Billboard 200||78|
|RIAA – U.S.||Gold||July 27, 2007|
The song "Uncontrollable Urge" has been covered by numerous bands, among them SNFU for the tribute compilation We Are Not Devo.
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (August 2015)
- Jackson, Josh; Martin, Garrett (September 8, 2016). "The 50 Best New Wave Albums". Paste. Retrieved November 10, 2017.
- Huey, Steve. "Q: Are We Not Men? A: We Are Devo! – Devo". AllMusic. Retrieved December 4, 2008.
- Jackson, Josh; Martin, Garrett (July 13, 2016). "The 50 Best Post-Punk Albums". Paste. Retrieved November 10, 2017.
- Devo, 'Q: Are We Not Men? A: We Are Devo!' (1978) | 40 Greatest Punk Albums of All Time
- Strong 1998, p. 200
- Strong 1998, p. 201
- Warner Bros. and Devo press release on re-release and tour Archived January 7, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
- Adams 2002, p. 385
- Reynolds 2006, p. 80
- Sandford 1998, p. 172
- Casale, Gerald V. Drooling for Dollars (The Complete Truth About De-Evolution DVD Special Features) (DVD Region 1). Rhino Entertainment, 2003.
- Howard 2004, p. 199
- Reynolds 2006, p. 81
- Wells, H.G. (1896). The Island of Doctor Moreau.
- "Not to go on all-fours; that is the Law. Are we not Men?
"Not to suck up Drink; that is the Law. Are we not Men?
"Not to eat Fish or Flesh; that is the Law. Are we not Men?
"Not to claw the Bark of Trees; that is the Law. Are we not Men?
"Not to chase other Men; that is the Law. Are we not Men?" (The Island of Doctor Moreau; Chapter 12, Paragraph 18)
- Images from American Discogs entry vs. images from European Discogs entry.
- "British certifications – Devo". British Phonographic Industry. Type Devo in the "Search BPI Awards" field and then press Enter.
- Devo – Q: Are We Not Men? A: We Are Devo! at Discogs
- Warwick, Kutner & Brown 2004, p. 320
- "Devo > Charts & Awards". Allmusic. Retrieved June 9, 2008.
- Buckley 2003, p. 288
- "American certifications – Devo – Are We Not Men". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved April 12, 2018.
- Larkin, Colin (2011). The Encyclopedia of Popular Music (5th concise ed.). Omnibus Press. ISBN 0-85712-595-8.
- Evans, Paul (2004). "Devo". In Brackett, Nathan; Hoard, Christian (eds.). The New Rolling Stone Album Guide (4th ed.). Simon & Schuster. pp. 232–33. ISBN 0-7432-0169-8.
- Weisbard, Eric; Marks, Craig, eds. (1995). Spin Alternative Record Guide. Vintage Books. p. 123. ISBN 0-679-75574-8.
- Christgau, Robert (October 30, 1978). "Christgau's Consumer Guide". The Village Voice. Retrieved December 6, 2008.
- "Devo : Review: Rolling Stone". Rolling Stone. Retrieved March 6, 2014.
- "The 1978 Pazz & Jop Critics Poll". The Village Voice. New York. January 22, 1979. Retrieved December 5, 2011.
- "Best Albums of the 1970s". Trouser Press. January 1980. Retrieved December 5, 2011.
- "Devo : Q: Are We Not Men? A: We Are Devo! > Review". PopMatters. Retrieved December 6, 2008.
- "Top 100 Albums of the 1970s: Pitchfork". Pitchfork Media. Archived from the original on December 9, 2008. Retrieved December 6, 2008.
- "447) Q: Are We Not Men? A: We Are Devo!". Rolling Stone. Straight Arrow (Special Issue). November 2003. Archived from the original on December 27, 2004.
- Images from European Discogs entry
- "Q: Are We Not Men? A: We Are Devo / Devo Live [Extra tracks, Import]". Amazon.com. Retrieved December 5, 2011.
- "The Ultra Devo-lux Ltd. Edition". Devo Official Store. clubdevo.com. Archived from the original on March 7, 2012. Retrieved December 5, 2011.
- Kent, David (1993). Australian Chart Book 1970–1992. St Ives, N.S.W.: Australian Chart Book. p. 88. ISBN 0-646-11917-6.
- "UK Top 40 Hit Database". Archived from the original on May 12, 2008. Retrieved May 16, 2008.
- "allmusic (((Q: Are We Not Men? A: We Are Devo! > Charts & Awards > Billboard Albums)))". Retrieved May 16, 2008.
- Raggett, Ned. "Q: Are We Not Men? A: We Are NOT Devo! - Claw Hammer". AllMusic. Retrieved December 17, 2013.
- Reynolds, Simon (2006). Rip it Up and Start Again: Postpunk 1978–1984. Penguin. ISBN 0-14-303672-6.
- Howard, David N. (2004). Sonic Alchemy: Visionary Music Producers and Their Maverick Recordings. Hal Leonard. ISBN 0-634-05560-7.
- Adams, Deanna R. (2002). Rock 'n' Roll and the Cleveland Connection. Kent State University Press. ISBN 0-87338-691-4.
- Sandford, Christopher (1998). Bowie: Loving the Alien. Da Capo Press. ISBN 0-306-80854-4.
- Warwick, Neil; Kutner, Jon; Brown, Tony (2004). The Complete Book of the British Charts: Singles and Albums. Omnibus Press. ISBN 1-84449-058-0.
- Buckley, Peter (2003). The Rough Guide to Rock. Rough Guides. ISBN 1-84353-105-4.
- Strong, M. C. (1998). The Great Rock Discography. Giunti. ISBN 88-09-21522-2.