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Area codes 718, 347, and 929

Coordinates: 40°43′N 73°52′W / 40.72°N 73.87°W / 40.72; -73.87
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Area codes in New York state; area codes 718, 347 and 929 highlighted in bright green

Area codes 718, 347, and 929 are telephone area codes in the North American Numbering Plan (NANP) for the New York City boroughs of the Bronx, Brooklyn, Queens, and Staten Island, as well as the Marble Hill section of Manhattan. They are part of a larger overlay plan with area code 917, which comprises all of New York City.


For the first 37 years after the establishment of the North American Numbering Plan in 1947, all of New York City was a single numbering plan area (NPA), area code 212. In 1984, New York Telephone asked the New York Public Service Commission to divide New York City into multiple numbering plan areas to "prevent an impending exhaustion of telephone numbers."[1] On February 1, 1984, the commission voted to assign Brooklyn, Queens, and Staten Island with a new area code, while restricting 212 to Manhattan and the Bronx. The announcement of the impending split triggered protests and threats of legal action from local officials and lawmakers representing the outer boroughs. Despite this, New York Telephone implemented the new area code 718 on September 1, 1984.[2] The split divided the city's three million telephone subscribers roughly into equal parts. Permissive dialing of 212 continued across New York City until January 1, 1985.[1]

On July 1, 1992, the Bronx and the neighborhood of Marble Hill, Manhattan were also split from numbering plan area 212, and were added to 718. A permissive dialing period for using either area code 212 or 718 in the affected area lasted until May 16, 1993.[3]

On October 1, 1999, area code 347 was added as an overlay code to area code 718.

On December 16, 2009, the New York Public Service Commission approved an additional overlay code for the 718/347 numbering plan area.[4] On January 22, 2010, NeuStar announced another overlay code (929) for the New York City 718 and 347 area codes used by boroughs outside Manhattan.[5][6] Area code 929 became effective on April 16, 2011.[7] This had the effect of assigning 23.4 million numbers to an area of 6.7 million people.

As of April 2023, NPA 347/718/929 has a projected exhaustion date of the second quarter of 2027.[8]

Area code 917 overlays area codes 718, 347, and 929, as well as area codes 212, 646 and 332 in Manhattan.

Marble Hill[edit]

Marble Hill, a neighborhood of the borough of Manhattan, is physically located on the U.S. mainland, adjacent to the Bronx.

Despite being legally a part of the borough of Manhattan,[9] per the Greater New York Charter of 1897, the neighborhood of Marble Hill is excluded from the Manhattan numbering plan areas 212, 646, and 332, instead using the 718, 347, and 929 area codes.[9] It used to be attached to Manhattan Island.[9] After the Harlem River Ship Canal was built in 1895, Marble Hill was separated from Manhattan Island by water.[10] Soon after, the Spuyten Duyvil Creek was filled in with landfill, physically connecting Marble Hill to the Bronx.[9]

When the 718 numbering plan area was extended to the Bronx, Marble Hill residents unsuccessfully fought to retain area code 212.[9] Marble Hill receives its dial tone from central offices in the Bronx, and it would have been too expensive for New York Telephone to reroute Marble Hill's trunk so that it could remain in 212.[citation needed]

In popular culture[edit]

The 718 area code was celebrated in the 1998 2 Skinnee J's song "718", in which the rappers tell of people moving from Manhattan (212) to other boroughs (718) for lower rent.[11]

Area codes 212 and 718 are included in the 2001 song "Area Codes" as two of the many locations where rapper Ludacris has "hoes".[12]

A telephone number in area code 347 appears as "Come forth and call 489-4608, and I'll be here"[13] in the lyrics of "Diary", a track on the album The Diary of Alicia Keys.[14]

In 2023, as part of the marketing for the then-upcoming release of The Super Mario Bros. Movie, a phone number with a (929) area code was created to call or text.[15] When called, the number would play a pre-recorded message instructing callers to text the number. When texted, users would receive a link where they could sign up for updates related to the movie.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Barbanel, Josh (February 16, 1984). "718 Area Code for Brooklyn, Queens and Staten Island Gains Approval". The New York Times. Retrieved September 26, 2017.
  2. ^ "Status of Numbering Plan Area (NPA) Codes in World Zone 1" (PDF). NANPA. January 13, 1993. Retrieved May 26, 2023.
  3. ^ "What's in a Name: While Marble Hill's Origins Are Clear, Its Present Status is up for Debate".
  4. ^ "PSC Approves New Area Code for NYC Outer Boroughs" (PDF). 3.dps.ny.gov. Retrieved May 19, 2016.
  5. ^ "Additional Area Code Planned for New York City “929” Overlay Code Assigned to Outer Boroughs". Neustar. January 22, 2010.
  6. ^ "Additional Area Code Planned for New York City". Prnewswire.com. January 22, 2010. Retrieved May 19, 2016.
  7. ^ Newman, Andy. "Say Hello to 929". The New York Times. April 15, 2011.
  8. ^ "2023 April NANPA Exhaust Projections" (PDF). Retrieved August 8, 2023.
  9. ^ a b c d e Bloom, Jennifer Kingson. "A Bit of Manhattan In the Bronx: A little-known enclave in a spot where the Bronx should be.". The New York Times. July 23, 1995.
  10. ^ "What's in a Name: While Marble Hill's Origins Are Clear, Its Present Status is Up for Debate". New York 1 News. Retrieved June 18, 2015.
  11. ^ "718 Lyrics - 2 Skinnee J's". Lyricsbox.com. Retrieved May 19, 2016.
  12. ^ "Ludacris – Area Codes Lyrics | MetroLyrics". Metrolyrics.com. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved July 17, 2015.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  13. ^ "Alicia Keys fans: Right number, wrong person". USA Today. August 10, 2004.
  14. ^ "Dear Diary". snopes.com. June 15, 2010. Retrieved May 15, 2016.
  15. ^ "Super Mario Bros. Plumbing". smbplumbing.com. Retrieved February 12, 2023.
New York area codes: 212/332/646, 315/680, 347/718/929, 363/516, 518/838, 585, 607, 631/934, 624/716, 329/845, 914, 917
North: 914, 845, 203/475
West: 212/646/332/917, 201/551, 908, 862/973 area code 347/718/929, overlaid by 917 East: 516, 631/934
South: 212/646/332/917, 732/848, Atlantic Ocean
New Jersey area codes: 201/551, 609/640, 732/848, 856, 862/973, 908
Connecticut area codes: 203/475, 860/959

40°43′N 73°52′W / 40.72°N 73.87°W / 40.72; -73.87