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For other uses, see Areca (disambiguation).
Areca catechu - Köhler–s Medizinal-Pflanzen-014.jpg
Areca catechu - 1897 illustration[1]
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Arecales
Family: Arecaceae
Subfamily: Arecoideae
Tribe: Areceae
Subtribe: Arecinae
Genus: Areca
Type species
Areca catechu [2]
  • Mischophloeus Scheff.
  • Gigliolia Becc.
  • Pichisermollia H.C.Monteiro

Areca (Mama'an in Meranau people.) is a genus of about 50 species of palms in the family Arecaceae, found in humid tropical forests from China and India, across Southeast Asia to Melanesia.[2][3] The generic name Areca is derived from a name used locally on the Malabar Coast of India.


The best-known member of the genus is A. catechu, the areca nut palm.[2][4] Several species of areca nuts, known for their bitter and tangy taste, raw or dried, are routinely used for chewing, especially in combination with the leaves of betel, and dried leaves of tobacco which is root cause of oral cancer being carcinogenic.[citation needed]


See also[edit]

Worldwide areca yield


  1. ^ Areca catechu - the Areca palm. In botanical drawing from Köhler's Medizinal-Pflanzen - by Franz Eugen Köhler, in 1897.
  2. ^ a b c Charlie D. Heatubun, John Dransfield, Thomas Flynn, Sri S. Tjitrosoedirjo, Johanis P. Mogea & William J. Baker (2012). "A monograph of the betel nut palms (Areca: Arecaceae) of East Malesia". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 168 (2): 147–173. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2011.01199.x. 
  3. ^ a b Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  4. ^ "Zumbroich, Thomas J. 2008. The origin and diffusion of betel chewing: A synthesis of evidence from South Asia, Southeast Asia and beyond. E-Journal of Indian Medicine 1(3): 87-140". Retrieved 2015-02-25. 

External links[edit]