Arenac County, Michigan

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Arenac County, Michigan
Michigan Central Railroad Depot - Standish Michigan.jpg
Michigan Central Railroad Standish Depot
Map of Michigan highlighting Arenac County
Location in the U.S. state of Michigan
Map of the United States highlighting Michigan
Michigan's location in the U.S.
Founded 1883[1]
Seat Standish
Largest city Standish
Area
 • Total 681 sq mi (1,764 km2)
 • Land 363 sq mi (940 km2)
 • Water 317 sq mi (821 km2), 47%
Population
 • (2010) 17,269
 • Density 44/sq mi (17/km2)
Congressional district 5th
Time zone Eastern: UTC−5/−4
Website www.arenaccountygov.com

Arenac County is a county located in the U.S. state of Michigan. As of the 2010 census, the population was 17,269.[2] The county seat is Standish.[3]

History[edit]

Arenac County was organized in 1883. The name Arenac, coined by Henry Rowe Schoolcraft, US Indian Agent and ethnologist, is a derivation of the Latin arena and the Native American ac. The combined words mean “A sandy place for a good footing.”[1][4]

The county includes some off-reservation trust lands held by the federal government for the federally recognized Saginaw Chippewa Tribal Nation, which is based in Isabella County. In early 2007, plans were confirmed for a casino to be constructed outside of the city of Standish with a scheduled opening by the end of the year. It is owned and operated by the Saginaw Chippewa Tribe.[5] The Saganing Eagles Landing Casino grand opening was held January 24, 2008 at 2690 Worth Road.[6]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 681 square miles (1,760 km2), of which 363 square miles (940 km2) is land and 317 square miles (820 km2) (47%) is water.[7] It is the third-smallest county in Michigan by land area. Arenac County can be considered a part of either Northern Michigan or Central Michigan.

Geographic features[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18905,683
19009,82172.8%
19109,640−1.8%
19209,460−1.9%
19308,007−15.4%
19409,23315.3%
19509,6444.5%
19609,8602.2%
197011,14913.1%
198014,70631.9%
199014,9311.5%
200017,26915.7%
201015,899−7.9%
Est. 201515,261[8]−4.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]
1790-1960[10] 1900-1990[11]
1990-2000[12] 2010-2013[2]

As of the 2000 census,[13] there were 17,269 people, 6,710 households, and 4,717 families residing in the county. The population density was 47 people per square mile (18/km²). There were 9,563 housing units at an average density of 26 per square mile (10/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 95.38% White, 1.82% Black or African American, 0.95% Native American, 0.29% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.21% from other races, and 1.33% from two or more races. 1.38% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 24.0% were of German, 14.1% Polish, 11.6% French, 10.6% American, 7.9% English, 6.8% Irish and 5.3% French Canadian ancestry according to Census 2000. 96.9% spoke English and 1.3% Spanish as their first language.

There were 6,710 households out of which 29.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.00% were married couples living together, 9.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.70% were non-families. 25.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.92.

In the county, the population was spread out with 23.30% under the age of 18, 7.80% from 18 to 24, 26.80% from 25 to 44, 25.50% from 45 to 64, and 16.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 105.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 104.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,805, and the median income for a family was $39,033. Males had a median income of $31,205 versus $20,363 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,300. About 11.30% of families and 13.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.70% of those under age 18 and 7.80% of those age 65 or over.

Religion[edit]

The Roman Catholic Diocese of Saginaw is the controlling regional body for the Catholic Church.[14]

Government[edit]

Presidential Elections Results[15]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 64.0% 4,950 30.8% 2,384 5.1% 395
2012 51.7% 4,057 46.8% 3,669 1.5% 115
2008 46.8% 3,807 51.1% 4,155 2.0% 166
2004 49.6% 4,071 49.6% 4,076 0.8% 69
2000 47.1% 3,421 50.7% 3,685 2.2% 161
1996 34.1% 2,247 52.7% 3,472 13.2% 872
1992 32.3% 2,330 45.0% 3,244 22.6% 1,632
1988 48.6% 3,064 51.0% 3,211 0.4% 25
1984 58.6% 3,483 41.0% 2,436 0.4% 22
1980 53.4% 3,436 39.6% 2,547 7.0% 448
1976 49.6% 2,687 49.7% 2,695 0.8% 41
1972 57.4% 2,588 40.6% 1,829 2.0% 89
1968 52.4% 2,089 39.4% 1,573 8.2% 327
1964 36.7% 1,413 63.2% 2,436 0.1% 3
1960 55.3% 2,352 44.4% 1,888 0.2% 10
1956 63.3% 2,631 36.6% 1,520 0.1% 4
1952 67.7% 2,753 31.7% 1,290 0.5% 21
1948 58.9% 1,790 39.6% 1,203 1.6% 48
1944 60.5% 1,978 39.1% 1,280 0.4% 13
1940 60.2% 2,293 39.4% 1,499 0.4% 15
1936 43.5% 1,505 50.9% 1,761 5.6% 194
1932 40.1% 1,471 56.9% 2,086 3.0% 109
1928 67.9% 1,612 31.5% 749 0.6% 14
1924 67.6% 1,767 22.0% 575 10.4% 273
1920 66.4% 1,521 29.2% 669 4.5% 102
1916 46.9% 911 48.3% 938 4.9% 95
1912 21.2% 421 22.7% 452 56.1% 1,116
1908 56.2% 1,081 37.1% 714 6.7% 129
1904 68.8% 1,372 23.0% 458 8.3% 165
1900 51.0% 972 45.2% 861 3.8% 72
1896 37.4% 611 61.0% 997 1.6% 26
1892 27.8% 322 32.2% 373 40.0% 463
1888 31.9% 357 23.3% 261 44.9% 503
1884 32.0% 323 60.0% 607 8.0% 81

The county government operates the jail, maintains rural roads, operates the major local courts, keeps files of deeds and mortgages, maintains vital records, administers public health regulations, and participates with the state in the provision of welfare and other social services. The county board of commissioners controls the budget but has only limited authority to make laws or ordinances. In Michigan, most local government functions — police and fire, building and zoning, tax assessment, street maintenance, etc. — are the responsibility of individual cities and townships.

Elected officials[edit]

(information as of March 2009)

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Villages[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

Events[edit]

  • Sunrise Side Heritage Bike Ride, first weekend in September. Ride Along Lake Huron Shoreline (US 23) from the Arenac County fairgrounds to Mackinac Bridge then South to West Branch on M-33 and M-55 . This is a 400-mile long organized ride.[16]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Bibliography on Arenac County". Clarke Historical Library, Central Michigan University. Retrieved January 19, 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 26, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ "Arenac County Michigan History Information". outdoor-michigan.com. Archived from the original on 2010-06-22. 
  5. ^ "Michigan Ann Arbor Bay City Detroit Flint Grand Rapids Jackson Kalamazoo Lansing Muskegon Saginaw All Michigan". mlive.com. 
  6. ^ "Saganing Eagles Landing grand opening" Archived 2008-04-10 at the Wayback Machine., official casino website
  7. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on November 13, 2013. Retrieved September 18, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  9. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved September 18, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved September 18, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 18, 2014. 
  12. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 18, 2014. 
  13. ^ Statistical profile of Arenac County, Michigan Archived 2008-04-10 at the Wayback Machine., United States Census Bureau, Census 2000
  14. ^ "Diocese of Saginaw". saginaw.org. 
  15. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS
  16. ^ Sunrise side bike ride.

Further reading[edit]

  • Romig, Walter (1986) [1973]. Michigan Place Names: The History of the Founding and the Naming of More than Five Thousand Past and Present Michigan Communities. Great Lakes Books. Detroit: Wayne State University Press. ISBN 978-0814318386. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 44°03′N 83°45′W / 44.05°N 83.75°W / 44.05; -83.75