From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Region Arendal
Language codes
ISO 639-3
Glottolog None

Arendalsk, Arendal dialect or Arendal Norwegian (Bokmål and Nynorsk: Arendalsk, Arendalsdialekten; the Arendal dialect: Ændalsk) is a dialect of Norwegian used in Arendal.


  • Intervocalic /p, t, k/ are realized as voiced [b, d, ɡ]. This feature appeared in this dialect in the 20th century.[1][2]
  • A uvular [ʀ] realization of /r/ was established in Arendal before the 20th century.[1][2]
  • /ʀ/ is frequently dropped, so that e.g. Lars becomes Læs.[2]
  • The ending ⟨–er⟩ is pronounced [ɔ], so that the word for 'basement' is kjeller in Bokmål, but kjellå in the Arendal dialect.[1][2]

According to the linguist Gjert Kristoffersen, a recent change is that the postvocalic /ʀ/ is vocalized to [æ̯], rather than dropped. The phonetic diphthongs [ʉæ̯] and [uæ̯] may be monophthongized and lowered to, respectively, [œː] and [ɔː], so that the words for 'to do gymnastics' and 'thorn' (which phonemically are, respectively, /²tʉʀne/ and /²tuʀne/) vary in their phonetic realization between, respectively, [²tʉæ̯nə ~ ²tœːnə] and [²tuæ̯nə ~ ²tɔːnə]. This process may be extended to mid vowels.[3]


Phonetic realization[edit]

Tonemes of the Arendal dialect are the same as those of the Oslo dialect; accent 1 is low-rising, whereas accent 2 is falling-rising.[4]

Notable speakers[edit]


  1. ^ a b c ""E kåmmår hen te du i sta" — Eydehavnportalen". Retrieved 24 July 2015. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Litt om arendalsdialekten - Arendal kommune". Archived from the original on 25 July 2015. Retrieved 24 July 2015. 
  3. ^ a b Kristoffersen (2000), p. 36.
  4. ^ Kristoffersen (2000), pp. 236–237.