Aressy

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Aressy
The Lagoin river at the church
The Lagoin river at the church
Aressy is located in France
Aressy
Aressy
Coordinates: 43°16′38″N 0°19′23″W / 43.2772°N 0.3231°W / 43.2772; -0.3231Coordinates: 43°16′38″N 0°19′23″W / 43.2772°N 0.3231°W / 43.2772; -0.3231
Country France
Region Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Department Pyrénées-Atlantiques
Arrondissement Pau
Canton Pau-Sud
Intercommunality Gave et Coteaux
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2020) Claude Ferrato
Area1 2.15 km2 (0.83 sq mi)
Population (2009)2 609
 • Density 280/km2 (730/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code 64041 /64320
Elevation 179–244 m (587–801 ft)
(avg. 241 m or 791 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Aressy (Arèci in Occitan) is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of south-western France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Arésyiens or Arésyiennes[1]

Geography[edit]

Aressy is located four kilometres south-east of Pau within the urban area of Pau. Access to the commune is by the D937 road from Pau which continues south-east to Meillon.[2]

The Idelis bus route P23 stops at Aressy Clinic at Pôle Bosquet. The commune is also served by Route 835 of the Interurban network of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (Transports 64) between Bénéjacq and Pau, and by Route 805 between Lourdes and Pau.

Much of the commune is residential with some farmland and a large lake in the south.

The Gave de Pau flows north-west through the western part of the commune and the Lagoin flows through the centre of the commune before joining the Gave de Pau just north-west of the commune.

Places and Hamlets[edit]

  • Las Costes
  • Labielle
  • Marque
  • Matachot
  • Le Saligat[3]

Neighbouring communes and villages[edit]

Toponymy[edit]

Its name in Bearnais is Aressi (according to the classical norm of Occitan).

Brigitte Jobbé-Duval[4] indicates that the place name could come from the Basque, meaning "place where there are rocks" which would confirm the hypothesis by Michel Grosclaude[5] of ar- ("stone or rock") with the Basque locative suffix -etz transformed into -esse.

The following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune.

Name Spelling Date Source Page Origin Description
Aressy Aressa 1010 Jobbé Village
Aressa 1101 Raymond
9
Lescar
Aresi 12th century Raymond
9
Lescar
Arecii 1376 Raymond
9
Military
Eressi 1385 Raymond
9
Census
Arecii 1538 Raymond
9
Reformation
Arressii 1546 Raymond
9
Reformation
Aressy 1750 Cassini
Arressy 1793 Ldh/EHESS/Cassini
Le Junca Le Junca 1863 Raymond
86
Place
Les Pelades Les Pelades 1863 Raymond
133
Place
Le Saliga Le Saliga 1863 Raymond
133
Moor
Le Tuquet Le Tuquet 1863 Raymond
169
Wood

Sources:

Origins:

  • Lescar: Cartulary of Lescar[7]
  • Military: Military Inspection of Béarn[8]
  • Census: Census of Béarn[9]
  • Reformation: Reformation of Béarn[10]

History[edit]

Paul Raymond noted on page 9 of his dictionary that the commune had a Lay Abbey, vassal of the Viscounts of Béarn. In 1385 Aressy had nine fires and depended on the bailiwick of Pau.[3]

Administration[edit]

The Town Hall
Aressy Medical Centre

List of Successive Mayors[11]

From To Name Party Position
1995 2001 Monique Lanusse-Cazalé
2001 2020 Claude Ferrato MoDem

(Not all data is known)

Inter-communality[edit]

Aressy is part of nine inter-communal structures:

  • the Public agency of local management;
  • the Community of communes Gave et Coteaux;
  • the AEP association for the Jurançon region;
  • the defense against floods association for the Lagoin catchment area;
  • the energy association of Pyrénées-Atlantiques;
  • the inter-communal associatuion for the Narcastet leisure centre;
  • the inter-communal association for defense against flooding of the Gave de Pau;
  • the inter-communal association for the construction and operation of the CES of Bizanos;
  • the Joint association for urban transport Pau - Porte des Pyrenees

Demography[edit]

In 2009 the commune had 609 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Population Change (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
480 215 202 230 276 273 288 314 313
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
334 345 343 360 355 368 374 345 326
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
346 328 321 320 357 429 418 416 450
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2009 -
399 476 601 578 546 543 550 609 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)

Aressy War Memoprial
Population of Aressy

Aressy is part of the urban area of Pau.

Economy[edit]

The commune is part of the Appellation d'origine contrôlée (AOC) zone designation of Ossau-iraty.

Culture and Heritage[edit]

The Church of Saint Denys

Religious heritage[edit]

The Parish Church of Saint Denys (1874)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg is registered as an historical monument.[12]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force on 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Inhabitants of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  2. ^ Google Maps
  3. ^ a b c Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, Paul Raymond, Imprimerie nationale, 1863, Digitised from Lyon Public Library 15 June 2011 (French)
  4. ^ a b Brigitte Jobbé-Duval, Dictionary of place names - Pyrénées-Atlantiques, 2009, Archives and Culture, ISBN 978-2-35077-151-9 (French)
  5. ^ a b Michel Grosclaude, Toponymic Dictionary of communes, Béarn, Edicions reclams & Édition Cairn - 2006, 416 pages, ISBN 2-35068-005-3 (French)
  6. ^ Cassini Map 1750 – Aressy
  7. ^ Cartulary of the Bishop of Lescar, published in the proofs of the History of Béarn by Pierre de Marca (French)
  8. ^ Manuscript from 1376 in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  9. ^ Manuscript from the 14th century - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  10. ^ Manuscript from the 16th to 18th centuries - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  11. ^ List of Mayors of France
  12. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA64000643 Parish Church of Saint Denys (French)

External links[edit]