Aretha (1986 album)

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Aretha
Aretha86.jpg
Studio album by Aretha Franklin
Released October, 1986
Recorded 1986
Genre Pop, rock, R&B
Length 45:26
Label Arista
Producer Narada Michael Walden for Perfection Light Productions (Tracks 1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 8), Keith Richards (Track 4), Aretha Franklin (Tracks 7, 9)
Aretha Franklin chronology
Who's Zoomin' Who?
(1985)Who's Zoomin' Who?1985
Aretha
(1986)
One Lord, One Faith, One Baptism
(1987)One Lord, One Faith, One Baptism1987
Singles from Aretha
  1. "Jumpin' Jack Flash"
    Released: 1986
  2. "Jimmy Lee"
    Released: 1986
  3. "I Knew You Were Waiting (For Me)"
    Released: January 1987
  4. "Rock-A-Lott"
    Released: 1987
  5. "If You Need My Love Tonight"
    Released: 1987
Professional ratings
Review scores
Source Rating
AllMusic 2/5 stars[1]
Robert Christgau B- [2]

Aretha is the thirty-fourth studio album by American singer Aretha Franklin, originally released in 1986, on Arista Records. It is the third album with the Aretha title to be released by Franklin, following her 1961 album and 1980 album.

The album, again produced mainly by Narada Michael Walden, includes Franklin's first #1 Pop single since "Respect" in 1967 with the vibrant "I Knew You Were Waiting (For Me)", a duet with George Michael. Aretha also yielded three other hit singles: "Jimmy Lee", "Rock-A-Lott" and a hard rock cover of The Rolling Stones' classic, "Jumpin' Jack Flash". All music videos were extremely popular on MTV, BET and other video outlets. [3]

Franklin's vocal from "Rock-A-Lott" was sampled extensively in the 49ers' 1990 hit "Touch Me", while her version of "Jumpin' Jack Flash" was the title song for the comedy film of the same name starring Whoopi Goldberg. All four of the singles were shot as music videos that received extensive play.

The album is noteworthy for the striking cover, which was Andy Warhol's final work before his death in early 1987.[4]

The album was remastered and re-released as an "Expanded Edition" in December 2014 by Funky Town Grooves, with bonus tracks and a second CD of material.[5]

Commercial performance[edit]

Following Franklin's first-ever Platinum record, Who's Zoomin' Who?, on December 16 1986 and after only several weeks on sale, Aretha was certified Gold by the RIAA with no other certification added. This marked Franklin's seventh gold album. The album had sold approximately 900,000 copies in the United States alone.

Track listing[edit]

No. Title Writer(s) Length
1. "Jimmy Lee" Narada Michael Walden, Jeffrey Cohen, Preston Glass, Anukampa Lisa Walden 5:48
2. "I Knew You Were Waiting (For Me)" (Duet with George Michael) Simon Climie, Dennis Morgan 4:03
3. "Do You Still Remember" Jeffrey Cohen, Preston Glass, Walter Afanasieff 5:08
4. "Jumpin' Jack Flash" Mick Jagger, Keith Richards 5:04
5. "Rock-A-Lott" Narada Michael Walden, Joe Johnson, Preston Glass 6:22
6. "An Angel Cries" Simon Climie, Dennis Morgan 5:04
7. "He'll Come Along" Aretha Franklin 4:13
8. "If You Need My Love Tonight" (Duet with Larry Graham) Narada Michael Walden, Preston Glass, Alan Glass 4:31
9. "Look to the Rainbow" Burton Lane, E.Y. Harburg 5:15

Personnel[edit]

  • Aretha Franklin: lead vocals, acoustic piano (4)
  • Nat Adderley, Jr.: keyboards (9)
  • Walter Afanasieff: acoustic piano (1), synthesizer (1, 2, 3, 5, 6), Moog bass (2), programming (2, 3), keyboards (8)
  • Sanford Allen: strings (9)
  • Gil Askey: horn, rhythm and string arrangements (7); conductor (7)
  • Ortheia Barnds: backing vocals (4)
  • Kitty Beethoven: backing vocals (2, 5, 6)
  • Vernon "Ice" Black: "end funk" guitar (6)
  • Margaret Branch: backing vocals (4, 7)
  • Francisco Centeno: bass guitar (9)
  • Dana Joe Chappelle: backing vocals (5)
  • Brenda Corbett: backing vocals (4, 7)
  • Kevin Dorsey: backing vocals (2, 3, 5, 6)
  • Ernie Fields, Jr.: horns (7)
  • James Gadson: drums (7)
  • Kenny G: saxophone (1)
  • Jim Gilstrap: backing vocals (2, 3, 5, 6)
  • Preston Glass: percussion programming (2), bells (3), keyboards (8)
  • Greg "Gigi" Gonaway: tambourine (2), percussion (2, 5), timbales (5), backing vocals (5)
  • Larry Graham: lead vocals (8)
  • Jennifer Hall: backing vocals (2, 3, 5, 6)
  • Sephra Herman: string contractor (9)
  • Jerry Hey: horn arrangement (1), trumpet (1), string arrangement (2, 3, 6, 8)
  • Yogi Horton: drums (9)
  • Daryl "Munyungo" Jackson: percussion (7)
  • Randy Jackson: acoustic bass (1), bass guitar (2, 3, 4, 6), Moog Source bass (5)
  • James Jamerson, Jr.: bass guitar (7)
  • Nick Johnson: keyboards (7)
  • Steve Jordan: drums (4)
  • Chuck Leavell: keyboards (4)
  • Janice Lee: backing vocals (5)
  • Jason Martin: cymbal (5)
  • Myrna Matthews: backing vocals (2, 3, 6)
  • George Michael: lead vocals (2)
  • Eddie Mininfield: tenor saxophone (5)
  • Greg Porée: guitar (7)
  • Doc Powell: guitar (9)
  • Paul Rekow: congas (6), shekere (6)
  • Claytoven Richardson: backing vocals (2, 5)
  • Keith Richards: lead guitar (4)
  • Esther Ridgeway: backing vocals (7)
  • Gloria Ridgeway: backing vocals (7)
  • Paul Riser: horn, rhythm and string arrangements (9)
  • Allen Rogan: drums (4)
  • Marc Russo: saxophone (1)
  • Corrado Rustici: Charvel Gtm6 Midi guitar synthesizer (1, 2, 5), bass guitar (8)
  • David Sancious: synthesizer (1), harp (3), synth horns (5)
  • Cynthia Shiloh: backing vocals (5)
  • Jeanie Tracy: backing vocals (2, 3, 6)
  • Charles Veal: strings (7)
  • Orestes Vilato: timbales (6), cowbell (6)
  • David T. Walker: guitar (7)
  • David Wallace: trombone (1)
  • Anukampa Walden: backing vocals (5)
  • Narada Michael Walden: drums (1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 8), acoustic piano intro (1), programming (6), percussion (8)
  • Teddy White: rhythm guitar (6)
  • Ron Wood: drums (4)

Production[edit]

  • Produced By Narada Michael Walden (Tracks 1, 2, 3, 5 & 6); Keith Richards (Track 4); Aretha Franklin (Tracks 7 & 9).
  • Recording Engineers: David Frazier (Tracks 1, 2, 3, 5 & 6); Steve Lillywhite (Track 4); Russ Terrana (Track 7); Jim Dougherty (Track 9).
  • Assistant Engineer: Dana Jon Chapelle
  • Additional Assistant Engineers: Maureen Droney, Mike Iacopelli, Gordon Lyon, Jim "Watts" Vereecke and Lenette Viegas.
  • Additional Engineers: Dana Jon Chappelle (Track 2 & 5); Maureen Droney (Track 2); Gordon Lyon (Track 3); Mike Iacopelli (Track 4); Mark Roule (Track 9).
  • Mixing: David Frazier (Tracks 1-6 & 8); Mike Iacopelli (Track 7 & 9).
  • Vocal Engineer (Track 7 & 9): Mike Iacopelli
  • Recording Studios: Tarpan Recording Studios (San Rafael, CA); The Plant Studios (Los Angeles, CA); The Automatt (San Francisco, CA); Studio "D" (Sausalito, CA.) (Sausalito, CA); Motown Recording Studios (Hollywood, CA); Sigma Sound Studios (New York, NY); Electric Lady Studios (New York, NY); United Sound Systems (Detroit, Michigan).
  • Art Direction: Steven Shmerler
  • Design and Layout: Maude Gilman
  • Photography: John Pinderhughes
  • Front Cover Art and Line Drawings: Andy Warhol

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ruhlmann, William (1986-11-15). "AllMusic review". Allmusic.com. Retrieved 2012-06-29. 
  2. ^ Christgau, Robert. "Aretha review". Robert Christgau. Retrieved 2015-04-28. 
  3. ^ "Artist Chart History: Aretha Franklin". Billboard Magazine. Retrieved 2009-03-30. 
  4. ^ Bego, Mark (2001). Aretha Franklin: The Queen of Soul. Da Capo Press. p. 250. ISBN 0-306-80935-4. OCLC 46488152. Retrieved 2009-03-29. 
  5. ^ "Aretha (2 CD Deluxe Edition)". FunkyTownGrooves.com. FunkyTownGrooves.com. Archived from the original on January 30, 2015. Retrieved January 30, 2015. 

External links[edit]