View of the Arfak Mountains from a broadleaf forest.
|Elevation||2,955 m (9,695 ft)|
|Location||Manokwari Regency, Arfak Mountains Regency, Tambrauw Regency, South Manokwari Regency, Teluk Bintuni Regency, West Papua|
|Orogeny||Mesozoic and Paleozoic|
|Type of rock||sandstone, igneous and limestone|
The Arfak Mountains is a mountain range found on the Bird's Head Peninsula in the Province of West Papua, Indonesia. The term "Arfak" came the language of the coastal Biak people, meaning "inferior." This is due to how big the mountains are compared to other lowland areas found in this region. Located in the east and central regions of the Bird's Head Peninsula, these mountains rise steeply from the sea, wiht little or no coastal plain that surround them. Pegunungan Arfak, at 2,955 m (9,695 ft), can be viewed from the provincial capital, Manokwari and is the highest point in West Papua and the Bird's Head Peninsula. Since the Dutch colonial times, the range has been one of the most frequently explored and best known regions of West Papua for bird watching. Along with the Tamrau Mountains in the north, the two ranges have been divided by the grassy Kebar Valley, which is the heartland of many indigenous people, with a variety of backgrounds. Found near the town of Manokwari, the mountains are an important and threatened site of biodiversity, part of the Vogelkop Montane Rain Forests Ecoregion. The Hattam, Meyah and Sougb indigenous peoples, who speak mutually unintelligible languages, all call the Arfak Mountains their home, and ultimately are the guardians of the future of the exquisite, yet increasingly threatened bird species found throughout the this rugged region.
- Arfak Mountains: Birding Hotspot of West Papua Accessed 5 March 2015
- WWF Bird Watching on Bird's Head, and the Threats to the Region Vogelkop Montane Rain Forests. Accessed 11 September 2006
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