Arfak Mountains

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Arfak Mountains
Arfak Mountains.jpg
View of the Arfak Mountains from a broadleaf forest.
Highest point
Peak Mount Arfak
Elevation 2,955 m (9,695 ft)
Location Manokwari Regency, Arfak Mountains Regency, Tambrauw Regency, South Manokwari Regency, Teluk Bintuni Regency, West Papua
Country Indonesia
Orogeny Mesozoic and Paleozoic
Type of rock sandstone, igneous and limestone

The Arfak Mountains is a mountain range found on the Bird's Head Peninsula in the Province of West Papua, Indonesia.

The term "arfak" came from the language of the coastal Biak people, meaning "inferior." This is due to how big the mountains are compared to other lowland areas found in this region. Located in the east and central regions of the Bird's Head Peninsula, these mountains rise steeply from the sea, with little or no coastal plain surrounding them. Mount Arfak, at 2,955 m (9,695 ft), can be viewed from the provincial capital, Manokwari, and is the highest point in West Papua and the Bird's Head Peninsula.

Since the Dutch colonial times, the range has been one of the most frequently explored and best known regions of West Papua for bird watching. Along with the Tamrau Mountains in the north, the two ranges have been divided by the grassy Kebar Valley, which is the heartland of many indigenous people, with a variety of backgrounds. Found near the town of Manokwari, the mountains are an important and threatened site of biodiversity, part of the Vogelkop Montane Rain Forests Ecoregion. The Hattam, Meyah and Sougb indigenous peoples, who speak mutually unintelligible languages, all call the Arfak Mountains their home, and ultimately are the guardians of the future of the exquisite, yet increasingly threatened bird species found throughout this rugged region.


Coordinates: 1°10′21″S 133°29′31″E / 1.17250°S 133.49194°E / -1.17250; 133.49194