Arfendazam

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Arfendazam
Arfendazam.svg
Clinical data
ATC code
  • none
Identifiers
CAS Number
PubChem CID
ChemSpider
UNII
ChEMBL
ECHA InfoCard 100.048.694
Chemical and physical data
Formula C18H17ClN2O3
Molar mass 344.792
3D model (Jmol)
 NYesY (what is this?)  (verify)

Arfendazam (INN)[1] is a drug which is a benzodiazepine derivative. Arfendazam is a 1,5-benzodiazepine, with the nitrogen atoms located at positions 1 and 5 of the diazepine ring, and so is most closely related to other 1,5-benzodiazepines such as clobazam.

Arfendazam has sedative and anxiolytic effects similar to those produced by other benzodiazepine derivatives, but is a partial agonist at GABAA receptors, so the sedative effects are relatively mild and it produces muscle relaxant effects only at very high doses.[2][3]

Arfendazam produces an active metabolite lofendazam, which is thought to be responsible for part of its effects.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "International Nonproprietary Names for Pharmaceutical Substances. Proposed International Nonproprietary Names (Prop. INN): List 39. Supplement to WHO Chronicle, 1978, Vol. 32, No. 3 (March)" (PDF). World Health Organization. p. 3. Retrieved 4 December 2015. 
  2. ^ Müller E. Benzodiazepine receptor interactions of arfendazam, a novel 1, 5-benzodiazepine. Pharmacopsychiatry 1985, (18):10-11.
  3. ^ Müller WE, Groh B, Bub O. In vitro and in vivo studies of the mechanism of action of arfendazam, a novel 1, 5-benzodiazepine. Pharmacopsychiatry 1986, (10):314-315.
  4. ^ J. Adrien, F. Albani, A. Baruzzi, M. Berger, E.O. Bixler, A.A. Borbeley, D.G. Dikeos, R. Drucker-Colin, R. Fritsch Montero, Y. Hishikawa, S. Inoue, A. Kales, E. Lugaresi, H. Merchant-Nancy, J.M. Monti. The Pharmacology of Sleep. Springer. ISBN 978-3-540-58961-7