Arfon (UK Parliament constituency)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Arfon
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Arfon in Wales for the 2010 general election.
Preserved county Gwynedd
Electorate 41,138 (December 2010)[1]
Major settlements Bangor, Caernarfon
Current constituency
Created 2010
Member of parliament Hywel Williams (Plaid Cymru)
Number of members One
Created from Caernarfon and Conwy[2]
18851918
Replaced by Caernarvonshire
Created from Caernarvonshire
Overlaps
Welsh Assembly Arfon, North Wales
European Parliament constituency Wales

Arfon is a constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom (at Westminster). Although the constituency is relatively large by geographical area, it is a predominantly urban rather than rural seat, with the majority of the population living in the two towns on which the constituency is based, Bangor and Caernarfon. "Arfon" is a historical name for the area, meaning "facing Anglesey"; it is also the name of the former district council. This seat was created by the Welsh Boundary Commission in time for the 2010 general election, and replaced the old seat of Caernarfon. Bangor was in the old seat of Conwy. The same boundaries were used for the Arfon Welsh Assembly constituency in the 2007 Welsh Assembly election.

It is the smallest mainland constituency in the UK by electorate, and larger only than the two Scottish island constituencies, Na h-Eileanan an Iar and Orkney and Shetland.

The Arfon division of Caernarvonshire was a former UK Parliament constituency, which existed from 1885 until 1918. Before 1885 and after 1918 the area was part of the Caernarvonshire constituency. The Liberal MP William Rathbone represented the Arfon seat until 1895, followed by fellow Liberal William Jones. Upon the death of Mr Jones, Griffith C. Rees, for the Liberal Party, was elected unopposed at the subsequent by-election.[3]

Boundaries[edit]

When first created in 1885, the constituency was defined as the Petty Sessional Divisions of Bangor, Conway and Nant-Conway, with the Parishes of Llanddeinilen and Llanberis (which were within the Carnarvon Petty Sessional Division). The constituency included the boroughs of Bangor and Conway which were part of the Carnarvon District of Boroughs constituency; only those who owned freehold land within the boroughs could vote in elections for the Arfon constituency as a second vote.

The electoral wards which are used to create the twenty-first century Arfon are entirely within the preserved county of Gwynedd. They are Arllechwedd, Bethel, Bontnewydd, Cadnant, Cwm-y-Glo, Deiniol, Deiniolen, Dewi, Garth, Gerlan, Glyder, Groeslon, Hendre, Hirael, Llanberis, Llanllyfni, Llanrug, Llanwnda, Marchog, Menai (Bangor), Menai (Caernarfon), Ogwen, Peblig (Caernarfon), Penisarwaun, Pentir, Penygroes, Seiont, Talysarn, Tregarth and Mynydd Llandygai, Waunfawr and Y Felinheli.

2010 Election[edit]

The latest boundary change created a battle ground in Arfon particularly for Labour, Plaid Cymru, and the Conservatives, with the latter being labelled as a ‘resurgent’ party by the Caernarfon Herald.[4] The scale of contention had been reached due to the large shift in boundary changes which in turn has created a need within each party to achieve a relatively unforeseen outcome. Plaid Cymru had previously never represented Bangor, which had been held by Conservative Wyn Roberts for twenty-seven years and a further thirteen under Labour’s Betty Williams. It has however also been more than thirty years since Caernarfon has been represented by anyone other than Plaid Cymru.

Members of Parliament[edit]

MPs 1885–1918[edit]

Election Member[5] Party
1885 William Rathbone Liberal
1895 William Jones Liberal
1915 Caradoc Rees Liberal
1918 constituency abolished

MPs since 2010[edit]

Election Member[5] Party
2010 Hywel Williams Plaid Cymru

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2017: Arfon[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Plaid Cymru Hywel Williams 11,519 40.8 -3.1
Labour Mary Griffiths Clarke 11,427 40.5 +10.2
Conservative Philippa Parry 4,614 16.4 +3.2
Liberal Democrat Calum Davies 648 2.3 -0.4
Majority 92 0.3 -13.4
Turnout 28,208 68.2 +1.9
Plaid Cymru hold Swing
General Election 2015: Arfon[7][8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Plaid Cymru Hywel Williams 11,790 43.9 +7.9
Labour Alun Pugh 8,122 30.3 -0.1
Conservative Anwen Barry [9] 3,521 13.1 −3.8
UKIP Simon Wall 2,277 8.5 +5.9
Liberal Democrat Mohammed Shultan 718 2.7 -11.4
Socialist Labour Kathrine Jones 409 1.5 n/a
Majority 3,668 13.7 +8.1
Turnout 26,837 66.3 +3.0
Plaid Cymru hold Swing +4.0
General Election 2010: Arfon[10][11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Plaid Cymru Hywel Williams* 9,383 36.0 +3.9
Labour Alun Pugh 7,928 30.4 −3.5
Conservative Robin Millar 4,416 16.9 +0.5
Liberal Democrat Sarah Green 3,666 14.1 −1.7
UKIP Elwyn Williams 685 2.6 +0.7
Majority 1,455 5.6 +7.4
Turnout 26,078 63.3 +5.1
Plaid Cymru gain from Labour Swing +3.7

*Served as MP for the predecessor seat of Caernarfon in the 2005-2010 Parliament

Elections 1885-1918[edit]

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

General Election 1885: Arfon[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal William Rathbone 4,562 61.6 n/a
Conservative Henry Platt 2,838 38.4 n/a
Majority 1,724 23.2 n/a
Turnout 81.0 n/a
Liberal win (new seat)
General Election 1886: Arfon[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal William Rathbone 4,072 58.0 -3.6
Conservative Henry Platt 2,950 42.0 +3.6
Majority 1,122 16.0 -7.2
Turnout 76.9 -4.1
Liberal hold Swing

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

General Election 1892: Arfon[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal William Rathbone unopposed n/a n/a
Liberal hold Swing n/a
General Election 1895: Arfon[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal William Jones 4,488 61.1 n/a
Conservative Alfred William Hughes 2,860 38.9 n/a
Majority 1,628 22.2 n/a
Turnout 83.3 n/a
Liberal hold Swing n/a

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General Election 1900: Arfon[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal William Jones unopposed n/a n/a
Liberal hold Swing n/a
William Jones
General Election 1906: Arfon[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal William Jones 5,945 70.1 n/a
Conservative Arthur E Hughes 2,533 29.9 n/a
Majority 3,412 40.2 n/a
Turnout 85.2 n/a
Liberal hold Swing n/a

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election January 1910: Arfon[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal William Jones 6,223 70.3
Conservative Arthur E Hughes 2,629 29.7
Majority 3,594 40.6
Turnout
Liberal hold Swing
General Election December 1910: Arfon[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal William Jones unopposed n/a n/a
Liberal hold Swing n/a
Arfon by-election, 1911[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal William Jones unopposed n/a n/a
Liberal hold Swing n/a
Arfon by-election, 1915[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Griffith Caradoc Rees unopposed n/a n/a
Liberal hold Swing n/a

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ "Beyond 20/20 WDS - Table view". 2011 Electorate Figures. StatsWales. 1 December 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ "Arfon' UK Parliament, 6 May 2010 -". ElectionWeb Project. Cognitive Computing Limited. Retrieved 31 March 2016. 
  3. ^ Information in the paragraph is taken in part from F.W.S Craig's British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918 (Macmillan, 1974).
  4. ^ "Caernarfon Herald". Caernarfon Herald. Archived from the original on 13 April 2010. Retrieved 11 April 2010. 
  5. ^ a b Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "A" (part 2)[self-published source][better source needed]
  6. ^ Bloom, Dan (7 June 2017). "Here is every single 2017 general election candidate in a plain text list". Daily Mirror. Trinity Mirror. 
  7. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  8. ^ "Gwynedd Council results". Parliamentary Election results - 7 May 2015. Gwynedd Council. Retrieved 20 September 2015. 
  9. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-01-19. Retrieved 2015-01-19. 
  10. ^ "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  11. ^ "BBC News - Election 2010 - Constituency - Arfon". Retrieved 25 April 2016. 
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i j British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)

Further reading[edit]

  • Boundaries of Parliamentary Constituencies 1885-1972, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Political Reference Publications 1972)