Argeș (river)

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Argeș
Arges.Mihailesti-Cornetu.jpg
The Argeș in Mihăilești-Cornetu
Raul Arges.png
The Argeș in Romania
Location
CountryRomania
CountiesArgeș, Dâmbovița, Ilfov, Giurgiu, Călărași
CitiesCurtea de Argeș, Pitești, Oltenița
Physical characteristics
SourceFăgăraș Mountains
 • elevation2,030 m (6,660 ft)
MouthDanube
 • location
Oltenița
 • coordinates
44°3′33″N 26°37′1″E / 44.05917°N 26.61694°E / 44.05917; 26.61694Coordinates: 44°3′33″N 26°37′1″E / 44.05917°N 26.61694°E / 44.05917; 26.61694
Length350 km (220 mi)
Basin size12,550 km2 (4,850 sq mi)
Discharge 
 • locationmouth
 • average71 m3/s (2,500 cu ft/s)
Basin features
ProgressionDanubeBlack Sea
Tributaries 
 • leftVâlsan, Râul Doamnei, Dâmbovița
 • rightNeajlov

The Argeș (Romanian pronunciation: [ˈardʒeʃ] (listen)) is a river in Southern Romania, a left tributary of the Danube.[1][2] It is 350 km (220 mi) long, and its basin area is 12,550 km2 (4,850 sq mi).[2][3] Its source is in the Făgăraș Mountains, in the Southern Carpathians and it flows into the Danube at Oltenița. Its average discharge at the mouth is 71 m3/s (2,500 cu ft/s).[3]

The main city on the Argeș is Pitești. Upstream, it is retained by the Vidraru Dam, which has created Lake Vidraru. Its upper course, upstream of Lake Vidraru, is also called Capra.

Name[edit]

The river is believed to be the same as Ὀρδησσός Ordessus, a name mentioned by Ancient Greek historian Herodotus.[4] The etymology of Argeș is not clear. Traditionally, it was considered that it is derived from the ancient name, through a reconstructed term, *Argessis. The capital of Dacian leader Burebista was named Argedava, but it appears that it has no link with the name for the river.[5]

An alternate etymology derives the name of the river from a Pecheneg word, transliterated into Romanian as argiș (meaning "higher ground"). The earliest recorded variants of the name, referring to the city of Curtea de Argeș (lit. "The Court on the Argeș"), also suggest a derivation from this word: Argyas (1369), Argies (1379), Arghiș (1427), the river probably taking the name of the city.[5]

Localities[edit]

The following localities are situated along the river Argeș, from source to mouth: Căpățânenii Ungureni, Căpățânenii Pământeni, Arefu, Poienarii de Argeș, Corbeni, Rotunda, Albeștii de Argeș, Curtea de Argeș, Băiculești, Merișani, Bascov, Pitești, Găești, Bolintin-Deal, Adunații-Copăceni, and Oltenița.

Hydro energy[edit]

The river Argeș and some of its tributaries are used for hydro energy.[6] The hydroelectrical system consists of several dams, lakes, tunnels and power plants.[7] The lakes built on the Argeș River are: Vidraru, Oiești, Cerbureni, Curtea de Argeș, Zigoneni, Merișani, Budeasa, Bascov, Pitești, Călinești (or Golești), Zăvoiu (near Mătăsaru), Ogrezeni and Mihăilești.[8] There are dams also on its tributaries.

Tributaries[edit]

The following rivers are tributaries to the river Argeș (from source to mouth):[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Planul național de management. Sinteza planurilor de management la nivel de bazine/spații hidrografice, anexa 7.1" (PDF, 5.1 MB). Administrația Națională Apele Române. 2010. pp. 732–737.
  2. ^ a b c Atlasul cadastrului apelor din România. Partea 1 (in Romanian). Bucharest: Ministerul Mediului. 1992. pp. 327–340. OCLC 895459847. River code: X.1
  3. ^ a b "Danube River Basin District, Part A - Roof Report" (PDF). ICPDR. April 2004. p. 12.
  4. ^ George Ioan Brătianu, Une énigme et un miracle historique: le peuple roumain, Editura Științifică și Enciclopedică, Bucharest, 1989, p. 138
  5. ^ a b Alexandru Madgearu, "Români și pecenegi în sudul Transilvaniei", in Zeno-Karl Pinter, Ioan-Marian Țiplic, Maria-Emilia Țiplic (eds.), Relații interetnice în Transilvania, Sec. VI-XIII, Editura Economică, Bucharest, p. 117. ISBN 973-709-158-2.
  6. ^ "Sucursala Hidrocentrale Curtea de Arges". Archived from the original on 2013-10-14. Retrieved 2013-10-14.
  7. ^ "BAZINE HIDROGRAFICE ÎN ROMÂNIA" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 12 August 2011. Retrieved 20 September 2011.
  8. ^ "SITUATIA ACUMULARILOR PERMANENTE FRONTALE DINBAZINUL HIDROGRAFIC ARGES VEDEA" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 March 2012. Retrieved 20 September 2011.