Argelès-sur-Mer

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Argelès-sur-Mer
The beach at Argelès-sur-Mer
The beach at Argelès-sur-Mer
Coat of arms of Argelès-sur-Mer
Coat of arms
Argelès-sur-Mer is located in France
Argelès-sur-Mer
Argelès-sur-Mer
Coordinates: 42°32′42″N 3°01′25″E / 42.5449°N 3.0235°E / 42.5449; 3.0235Coordinates: 42°32′42″N 3°01′25″E / 42.5449°N 3.0235°E / 42.5449; 3.0235
Country France
Region Languedoc-Roussillon-Midi-Pyrénées
Department Pyrénées-Orientales
Arrondissement Céret
Canton Argelès-sur-Mer
Intercommunality Communauté de communes des Albères et de la Côte Vermeille
Government
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Pierre Aylagas
Area1 58.67 km2 (22.65 sq mi)
Population (2012)2 9,901
 • Density 170/km2 (440/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 66008 / 66700
Elevation 0–1,099 m (0–3,606 ft)
(avg. 16 m or 52 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Argelès-sur-Mer (Catalan: Argelers de la Marenda or simply Argelers) is a commune in the Pyrénées-Orientales department in southern France.

It lies near Perpignan.

Geography[edit]

Argelès-sur-Mer is located in the canton of Argelès-sur-Mer and in the arrondissement of Céret.

Argelès-sur-Mer is located in the coast sector of the Côte Vermeille at the foot of the Albères mountain range, just a short drive away from the Spanish border. Argelès-sur-Mer is the longest beach of Pyrenées Orientales.

Map of Argelès-sur-Mer and its surrounding communes

History[edit]

During World War II, Argelès-sur-Mer was the location of a French concentration camp, the infamous Camp de concentration d'Argelès-sur-Mer, where up to 100,000 defeated Spanish Republicans were interned by a windy beach in abysmal sanitary conditions by the French government after the defeat of the Spanish Republic. The refugees streamed to the camp beginning in the winter of 1938/39 after the collapse of the Catalonian front following the rebel offensive.[1]

Government and politics[edit]

Mayors[edit]

Mayor Term start Term end
Marc Surjus 1800 1813
Côme Ferran 1813 june 1815
Paul Pujas[2] june 1815 ? 1815
Jean Azéma 1815 1816
Isidore Ferrer 1816 1821
Bonaventure Verges 1821 1821
Pierre Padallé 1821 1827
Bonaventure Julia 1827 1829
Frédéric Trescases 1944 1945
Joseph Farre 1945 1947
Germain Farre 1947 1947
Frédéric Trescases 1947 1953
Gaston Pams 1953 1981
Isidore Fourriques 1981 1983
Jean Carrère 1983 2001
Pierre Aylagas 2001

Population and society[edit]

Demography[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1793 847 —    
1800 1,064 +25.6%
1806 1,173 +10.2%
1821 1,401 +19.4%
1831 1,478 +5.5%
1836 1,964 +32.9%
1841 2,136 +8.8%
1846 2,251 +5.4%
1851 2,325 +3.3%
1856 2,447 +5.2%
1861 2,456 +0.4%
1866 2,537 +3.3%
1872 2,600 +2.5%
1876 2,833 +9.0%
1881 3,134 +10.6%
1886 3,303 +5.4%
1891 3,413 +3.3%
1896 3,307 −3.1%
1901 3,358 +1.5%
1906 2,913 −13.3%
1911 2,837 −2.6%
1921 2,851 +0.5%
1926 2,835 −0.6%
1931 2,966 +4.6%
1936 2,945 −0.7%
1946 2,968 +0.8%
1954 2,907 −2.1%
1962 3,659 +25.9%
1968 5,022 +37.3%
1975 5,100 +1.6%
1982 5,723 +12.2%
1990 7,188 +25.6%
1999 9,069 +26.2%
2006 9,928 +9.5%
2009 10,033 +1.1%

Education[edit]

Sports[edit]

The Étoile sportive catalane is the rugby union club of Argelès-sur-Mer.

Culture[edit]

Sites of interest[edit]

Dolmen of the Collets de Cotlliure
Notre-Dame del Prat
Town hall
Buildings
  • Dolmen of the Collets de Cotlliure (Monument historique)
  • Dolmen of the Cova de l'Alarb (Monument historique)
  • Dolmen of Sant Pere dels Forquets
  • Chapel of Saint-Jérôme d'Argelès, from the 10th century
  • Church of Saint-Ferréol de la Pava (Monument historique), from the 10th century
  • Parish church of Notre-Dame del Prat, from the 14th to the 20th centuries (Monument historique)
  • Church of Sainte-Marie de Torreneules, from the 8th to the 10th centuries
  • Abbey of Valbonne, from the 13th to the 14th centuries
  • Church of Saint-Laurent-du-Mont, from the 12th century (Monument historique)
  • Church of Saint-Martin-et-Sainte-Croix, from the 11th or 12th century, and the old village of Taxo d'Avall (both Monument historique)
  • Church of Saint-Pierre dels Forquets, pre-romanesque ruins
  • Castle of Pujols, from the 13th century (Monument historique)
  • Massane tower, in the Albera Massif, from the 13th century
  • Castle of Valmy, from the 19th century
  • Casa de l'Albera, museum about the Albera Massif
Natural sites
  • National nature reserve of the Mas Larrieu
  • National nature reserve of the Massane forest
  • The Bois des pins is the historical pine forest located near the beach front. Created in the 1860s by the General Council of the Pyrénées-Orientales, it still has to this day over 8,000 centenarian pines.[3]

Notable people[edit]

  • Marcelle Narbonne (1898-2012) : supercentenarian who lived and died in Argelès-sur-Mer.
  • David Ensor (1906-1987) : British lawyer, actor, author and Labour Party politician, lived and died in Argelès-sur-Mer.
  • Marc Lièvremont (1968-) : former rugby union footballer raised in Argelès-sur-Mer and former member of the Étoile sportive catalane club.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Corazón Helado de 1939 - Los exilios republicanos
  2. ^ (French) Fabricio Cardenas, Vieux papiers des Pyrénées-Orientales, Argelès, 11 juin 1815, 12 january 2014
  3. ^ Cárdenas, Fabricio (2014). 66 petites histoires du Pays Catalan [66 Little Stories of Catalan Country] (in French). Perpignan: Ultima Necat. ISBN 978-2-36771-006-8. OCLC 893847466.