Ratzenried village in Argenbühl, including the castle of Ratzenried and the tower of the main church
|• Mayor||Roland Sauter|
|• Total||76.37 km2 (29.49 sq mi)|
|Elevation||681 m (2,234 ft)|
|• Density||86/km2 (220/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
No actual town or urban settlement is called Argenbühl; rather, the municipality is an administrative amalgamation of several neighbouring villages with different names. The municipal administrative headquarters are located in the village of Eisenharz, with local branch offices also in the villages of Christazhofen, Eglofs, and Ratzenried.
Geographically, it lies in the western part of the Prealpine region of the Allgäu, which in turn is part of the larger geographical region of Swabia in southern Germany. Argenbühl borders the municipalities of Kißlegg and Leutkirch im Allgäu to the north, Wangen im Allgäu to the west, Isny im Allgäu to the east, and the Bavarian municipalities of Hergatz, Heimenkirch, Röthenbach (Allgäu), and Gestratz to the south.
The name comes from the Argen River, whose two main constituent streams delimit part of the municipality's borders, and Bühl, which is a Southern German word for "hill", reflecting the municipality's hilly landscape.
The municipality includes the following settlements (2006 population data):
- Christazhofen (943 inhabitants, 15.44 km² / 5.96 mi2)
- Eglofs (1496 inhabitants, 23.40 km² / 9.03 mi2)
- Eisenharz (1446 inhabitants, 13.38 km² / 5.17 mi2)
- Göttlishofen (490 inhabitants, 7.22 km² / 2.79 mi2)
- Ratzenried (1171 inhabitants, 13.77 km² / 5.32 mi2)
- Siggen (171 inhabitants, 3.17 km² / 1.22 mi2)
The municipality of Argenbühl has existed since 1 January 1972, when the previously independent municipalities of Christazhofen, Eglofs, Eisenharz, Göttlishofen, Ratzenried, and Siggen were merged into the present one. Their history is told in great detail in the Description of the Wangen Administrative District (Beschreibung des Oberamts Wangen), published in 1841. In 1810, all the above-mentioned communities came under the jurisdiction of the Wangen district, which in 1973 became part of the Ravensburg district.
Saint George's church, Ratzenried
The election for the municipal council (Gemeinderat) on 7 June 2009 had the following results:
- CDU 68.6% - 12 seats (-1)
- Independent 31.4% - 5 seats (+2)
Economy and infrastructure
The municipality is linked by bus lines to neighbouring cities, such as Leutkirch, Isny, and Wangen. The lines are operated by the Lake Constance-Upper Swabia Local Transport Administration (Bodensee-Oberschwaben Verkehrsverbund), popularly known as bodo. In the past, a stop of the Kißlegg–Hergatz railway branch was in Ratzenried.
Eglofs and Ratzenried have each an elementary and a general secondary school (Hauptschule) that also works as a Werkrealschule. In Christazhofen and Eisenharz are only elementary schools. Four kindergartens also are in the municipality.
Culture and sights
The village of Ratzenried has a local history museum, while Eglofs hosts the Allgäu-Swabian Music Archive (Allgäu-Schwäbische Musikarchiv). In 2009, a museum was also opened in Eisenharz, with exhibits about the history of the place and the local dairy industry of the Wunderlich and Nestlé companies.
- The Eglofs Baroque church is part of the Upper Swabian Baroque Route (Oberschwäbische Barockstraße).
- The castle at Ratzenried is the administrative headquarters of the Humboldt-Institut language school conglomerate.
- The Round Chapel of Eisenharz is a medieval chapel that is the destination of a yearly Boxing Day Catholic procession.
- Gebhard of Razenried (1583–1652), Jesuit priest, rector of the Eichstätt Jesuit College from 1621–1631 and from 1637 of the Augsburg college
- Konstantin Rösch (1869–1944), theologian
- Anton Kulmus (1900-1989), developer and manufacturer of agricultural vehicles
- Anton Morent (1924–2006), transportation entrepreneur
- Helmut Maucher (1927-2018), former CEO of Nestlé
- "Bevölkerung nach Nationalität und Geschlecht am 31. Dezember 2019". Statistisches Landesamt Baden-Württemberg (in German). September 2020.
- "Luftkurort Argenbühl im Allgäu - Rathaus" [Climate resort of Argenbühl im Allgäu - Municipal Hall] (in German). Retrieved 2014-07-12.
Die Hauptverwaltung unserer Gemeinde befindet sich im Rathaus Eisenharz. Dazu gibt es noch Außenstellen in Christazhofen, Eglofs und Ratzenried. ('Our municipality's main administration is located in the Municipal Hall of Eisenharz. There are also external locations in Christazhofen, Eglofs, and Ratzenried.')
- ""Bühl" at Beolingus - TU Chemnitz - German/English Dictionary". Retrieved 2014-07-12.
- Prof. Pauly (1841). Beschreibung des Oberamts Wangen (1 ed.). Stuttgart and Tübingen: J. G. Cotta. Retrieved 2014-07-31.
- http://wahlen09.rz-kiru.de/08436094/gr2009bf.html, retrieved on 16 August 2009
- http://www.schwaebische.de/lokales/wangen/wangen-gemeinden_artikel,-Sonne-ist-ein-gemuetliches-Plaetzchen-_arid,2626271.html[permanent dead link]
- Franz Sales Romstöck: Zur Statistik des Jesuiten-Collegiums in Eichstätt. Eichstätt, 1902, S. 8; Bernhard Duhr: Geschichte der Jesuiten in den Ländern deutscher Zunge. 2. Bd., 1. Teil, Freiburg i. Br. 1913, S. 228, 239, 610.