Argenteuil

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Argenteuil
Subprefecture and commune
The Pont d'Argenteuil over the River Seine
Coat of arms of Argenteuil
Coat of arms
Location (in red) within Paris inner and outer suburbs
Location (in red) within Paris inner and outer suburbs
Coordinates: 48°57′00″N 2°15′00″E / 48.9500°N 2.2500°E / 48.9500; 2.2500Coordinates: 48°57′00″N 2°15′00″E / 48.9500°N 2.2500°E / 48.9500; 2.2500
Country France
Region Île-de-France
Department Val-d'Oise
Arrondissement Argenteuil
Canton Argenteuil-1
Argenteuil-2
Argenteuil-3
Intercommunality Métropole du Grand Paris
EPT Boucle Nord Seine
Government
 • Mayor (2014-2020) Georges Mothron
Area1 17.22 km2 (6.65 sq mi)
Population (2015)2 110,388
 • Density 6,400/km2 (17,000/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code 95018 /95100
Elevation 21–167 m (69–548 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Argenteuil (French pronunciation: ​[aʁʒɑ̃tœj]) is a commune in the northwestern suburbs of Paris, France. It is located 12.3 km (7.6 mi) from the center of Paris. Argenteuil is a sub-prefecture of the Val-d'Oise department, the seat of the arrondissement of Argenteuil.

Argenteuil is the second most populous commune in the suburbs of Paris (after Boulogne-Billancourt) and the most populous one in the Val-d'Oise department, although it is not its prefecture, which is shared between the communes of Cergy and Pontoise.

Argenteul share borders with communes in 3 departements others than Val d'Oise : the Yvelines, Hauts-de-Seine and Seine-Saint-Denis departements.

Name[edit]

The name Argenteuil is recorded for the first time in a royal charter of 697 as Argentoialum, from a Latin/Gaulish root argento meaning "silver", "silvery", "shiny", perhaps in reference to the gleaming surface of the river Seine, on the banks of which Argenteuil is located, and from a Celtic suffix -ialo meaning "clearing, glade" or "place of".

History[edit]

Argenteuil was founded as a convent in the 7th century (see Pierre Abélard and the Convent of Argenteuil). The monastery that arose from the convent was destroyed during the French Revolution.

A rural escape for Parisians, it is now a suburb of Paris. Painters made Argenteuil famous, including Claude Monet, Jean-Étienne Delacroix, Auguste Renoir, Gustave Caillebotte, Alfred Sisley and Georges Braque.

Personalities[edit]

Transport[edit]

Argenteuil is served by two stations on the Transilien Paris – Saint-Lazare suburban rail line: Argenteuil and Val d'Argenteuil.

The French transport system is straightforward to navigate, so Argenteuil is also an ideal city where there is an extensive public transport system with stations in Argenteuil and Val d'Argenteuil, where the train stops at Transilien Paris. Saint-Lazare (line J).

Since redeveloped by STIF and SNCF, Argenteuil has been equipped with a new Paris-Saint-Lazare-Ermont-Eaubonne line. The new line was launched in 2006, adding the Paris-Saint Lazare / Cormeilles-en-Parisis - Pontoise / Mantes-la-Jolie service to Paris for about ten minutes.

By Bus* :[1]

361 Gare d'Argenteuil à Gare de Pierrefitte - Stains RER;

140 Gare d'Argenteuil - Asnières-Gennevilliers - Gabriel Péri;

164 Argenteuil - Claude Monet College - Porte de Champerret;

By train* :

Gare d'Argenteuil(SNCF-J): Paris Saint-Lazare in 15 minutes and Colombes in 4 minutes

Gare Saint-Gratien (T-8): Porte Maillot in 22 minutes

Epinay Orgemont (T-8): Gare Saint-Denis in 20 minutes

Travel by car:

City Center: 10 minutes;

Paris Saint-Lazare: 25 minutes

La Défense: 20 minutes;

Colombes: 10 minutes;

la Plaine-Saint-Denis: 18 minutes;

Porte de Clichy: 15 minutes;

Education[edit]

As of 2016 the commune's schools have over 12,000 students. The commune has:[2]

Paris 13 University serves as the area university.[7]

The Conservatoire à rayonnement départemental de Musique, Danse et Théâtre is located in Argenteuil.[8] André Bon is one of its former students.

Population[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
17935,356—    
18004,609−2.12%
18064,249−1.35%
18214,423+0.27%
18314,542+0.27%
18364,536−0.03%
18414,377−0.71%
18464,586+0.94%
18514,767+0.78%
18565,857+4.20%
18617,269+4.41%
18668,176+2.38%
YearPop.±% p.a.
18728,389+0.43%
18768,990+1.74%
188111,849+5.68%
188612,809+1.57%
189113,339+0.81%
189615,116+2.53%
190117,375+2.82%
190619,829+2.68%
191124,282+4.14%
192132,173+2.85%
192644,538+6.72%
193170,657+9.67%
YearPop.±% p.a.
193659,314−3.44%
194653,543−1.02%
195463,316+2.12%
196282,321+3.34%
196890,480+1.59%
1975102,530+1.80%
198295,347−1.03%
199093,096−0.30%
199993,961+0.10%
2008103,250+1.05%
2015110,388+0.96%

Immigration[edit]

Place of birth of residents of Argenteuil in 1999
Born in Metropolitan France Born outside Metropolitan France
77.5% 22.5%
Born in
Overseas France
Born in foreign countries with French citizenship at birth1 EU-15 immigrants2 Non-EU-15 immigrants
2.1% 2.1% 4.3% 14.0%
1This group is made up largely of former French settlers, such as pieds-noirs in Northwest Africa, followed by former colonial citizens who had French citizenship at birth (such as was often the case for the native elite in French colonies), and to a lesser extent foreign-born children of French expatriates. Note that a foreign country is understood as a country not part of France in 1999, so a person born for example in 1950 in Algeria, when Algeria was an integral part of France, is nonetheless listed as a person born in a foreign country in French statistics.
2An immigrant is a person born in a foreign country not having French citizenship at birth. Note that an immigrant may have acquired French citizenship since moving to France, but is still considered an immigrant in French statistics. On the other hand, persons born in France with foreign citizenship (the children of immigrants) are not listed as immigrants.

Famous paintings of Argenteuil[edit]

In his 1872 painting, Springtime, Monet was interested in studying how unblended dabs of color could suggest the effect of brilliant sunlight filtered through leaves[9] The Walters Art Museum.
  • By Claude Monet:

Autumn at Argenteuil, Regatta at Argenteuil, Red Boats, Argenteuil, The Bridge at Argenteuil, The Port at Argenteuil, The Seine at Argenteuil, View of Argenteuil-Snow, and Snow at Argenteuil.

  • By other painters:

Argenteuil and Seine near Argenteuil by Édouard Manet, Regatta at Argenteuil by Pierre-Auguste Renoir, and The Bridge in Argenteuil by Gustave Caillebotte.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Acheter l'appartement Argenteuil - La Ville" (in French). Retrieved 2018-06-02. 
  2. ^ "établissements scolaires." Argenteuil. Retrieved on September 6, 2016. "Plus de 12 000 élèves prennent le chemin de l’école tous les matins."
  3. ^ "Les maternelles." Argenteuil. Retrieved on September 6, 2016.
  4. ^ "Liste des écoles élémentaires d'Argenteuil." Argenteuil. Retrieved on September 6, 2016.
  5. ^ "Les collèges." Argenteuil. Retrieved on September 6, 2016.
  6. ^ Home. Argenteuil. Retrieved on September 6, 2016.
  7. ^ "Université Paris 13." Argenteuil. Retrieved on September 6, 2016.
  8. ^ "Argenteuil Conservatory". Archived from the original on 2008-11-18. Retrieved 2009-08-28. 
  9. ^ "Springtime". The Walters Art Museum. 

External links[edit]