Argenteuil

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Argenteuil
Location (in red) within Paris inner and outer suburbs
Location (in red) within Paris inner and outer suburbs
Coordinates: 48°57′00″N 2°15′00″E / 48.9500°N 2.2500°E / 48.9500; 2.2500Coordinates: 48°57′00″N 2°15′00″E / 48.9500°N 2.2500°E / 48.9500; 2.2500
Country France
Region Île-de-France
Department Val-d'Oise
Arrondissement Argenteuil
Intercommunality Argenteuil - Bezons
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Philippe Doucet
Area
 • Land1 17.22 km2 (6.65 sq mi)
Population (2008)
 • Population2 103,250
 • Population2 density 6,000/km2 (16,000/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 95018 / 95100
Elevation 21–167 m (69–548 ft)
(avg. 42 m or 138 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Argenteuil (French pronunciation: ​[aʁʒɑ̃tœj]) is a commune in the northwestern suburbs of Paris, France. It is located 12.3 km (7.6 mi) from the center of Paris. Argenteuil is a sub-prefecture of the Val-d'Oise department, the seat of the arrondissement of Argenteuil.

Argenteuil is the second most populous commune in the suburbs of Paris (after Boulogne-Billancourt) and the most populous one in the Val-d'Oise department, although it is not its prefecture, which is shared between the communes of Cergy and Pontoise.

Name[edit]

The name Argenteuil is recorded for the first time in a royal charter of 697 as Argentoialum, from a Latin/Gaulish root argento meaning "silver", "silvery", "shiny", perhaps in reference to the gleaming surface of the river Seine, on the banks of which Argenteuil is located, and from a Celtic suffix -ialo meaning "clearing, glade" or "place of".

History[edit]

Argenteuil was founded as a convent in the 7th century (see Pierre Abélard and the Convent of Argenteuil). The monastery that arose from the convent was destroyed during the French Revolution.

A rural escape for Parisians, it is now a suburb of Paris. Painters made Argenteuil famous, including Claude Monet, Jean-Étienne Delacroix, Auguste Renoir, Gustave Caillebotte, Alfred Sisley and Georges Braque.

Personalities[edit]

Transport[edit]

Argenteuil is served by two stations on the Transilien Paris – Saint-Lazare suburban rail line: Argenteuil and Val d'Argenteuil.

Education[edit]

The Conservatoire à rayonnement départemental de Musique, Danse et Théâtre is located in Argenteuil.[1] André Bon is one of its former students.

Population[edit]

Historical population of Argenteuil
Year 1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851 1856
Population 5356 4609 4249 4423 4542 4536 4377 4586 4767 5857
Year 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896 1901
Population 7269 8176 8389 8990 11,849 12,809 13,339 15,116 17,375
Year 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
Population 19,829 24,282 32,173 44,538 70,657 59,314 53,543 63,316
Year 1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2008
Population 82,321 90,480 102,530 95,347 93,096 93,961 103,250

Immigration[edit]

Place of birth of residents of Argenteuil in 1999
Born in Metropolitan France Born outside Metropolitan France
77.5% 22.5%
Born in
Overseas France
Born in foreign countries with French citizenship at birth¹ EU-15 immigrants² Non-EU-15 immigrants
2.1% 2.1% 4.3% 14.0%
¹This group is made up largely of former French settlers, such as pieds-noirs in Northwest Africa, followed by former colonial citizens who had French citizenship at birth (such as was often the case for the native elite in French colonies), and to a lesser extent foreign-born children of French expatriates. Note that a foreign country is understood as a country not part of France as of 1999, so a person born for example in 1950 in Algeria, when Algeria was an integral part of France, is nonetheless listed as a person born in a foreign country in French statistics.
²An immigrant is a person born in a foreign country not having French citizenship at birth. Note that an immigrant may have acquired French citizenship since moving to France, but is still considered an immigrant in French statistics. On the other hand, persons born in France with foreign citizenship (the children of immigrants) are not listed as immigrants.

Famous paintings of Argenteuil[edit]

In this painting from 1872, Monet was interested in studying how unblended dabs of color could suggest the effect of brilliant sunlight filtered through leaves[2] The Walters Art Museum.
  • By Claude Monet

"Autumn at Argenteuil", "Regatta at Argenteuil", "Red Boats, Argenteuil", "The Bridge at Argenteuil", "The Port at Argenteuil", "The Seine at Argenteuil"

  • By other painters

"Argenteuil" and "Seine near Argenteuil" by Édouard Manet; "Regatta at Argenteuil", by Auguste Renoir; "The Bridge in Argenteuil", by Gustave Caillebotte

Gallery[edit]

Crime[edit]

Argenteuil has 207,43 criminal incidents per 1000 inhabitants, far higher than national average (83 per 1000) and even higher than the crime rate of the Val-d'Oise department (88.15 per 1000). Argenteuil is the most dangerous city of the Val-d'Oise département after Sarcelles and Garges-les-Gonesse.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]