Argentina–Germany relations

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Argentina–Germany relations
Map indicating locations of Argentina and Germany

Argentina

Germany

Argentina–Germany relations are foreign relations between Argentina and Germany. The free city-state of Hamburg was the first German state to establish diplomatic relations with Argentina in 1829. The first ambassador of Germany to Argentina was sent on 7 May 1871.

German immigration in Argentina is the largest in Hispanic America. Over 3,000,000 Argentines are of German descent.

They had great influence in the Argentine education system and many German schools were a place in the country. In fact, the Argentine army planned to recruit a large number of German scientists and technicians for industry. Many German entrepreneurs and professionals believe that Argentina was industrialized and could be narrowed through greater ties of German technology. The creation of newspapers in German as Argentinisches Tageblatt, which means "Argentine newspaper" outstanding and continues to this day.

The German Ambassador to Argentina is Bernhard von Waldersee and the Argentine Ambassador to Germany is Luis María Kreckler.

Country comparison[edit]

 Argentina  Germany
Population 43,417,000 (2015)[1] 82,175,700 (2015)[2]
Area 2,780,400 km2 (1,073,500 sq mi) 357,168 km2 (137,903 sq mi)
Population density 14.4/km2 227/km2
Capital Buenos Aires Berlin
Largest city Buenos Aires 12,801,365 inhabitants (metropolitan area) Berlin 5,871,022 inhabitants (metropolitan area)
Government Federal Presidential Constitutional Republic Federal Parliamentary Republic
Official languages Spanish German
Main religions Catholic 76.5%, Atheists and Agnostics 11.3%, Evangelical Protestants 9%, Jehovah's Witnesses 1.2%, Mormons 0.9%, Islam, Judaism and Buddhism 1.2%.[3] Christians 66.8%, Protestans 31.7%, Hinduism 1.0%, Orthodox 1.3%, Judaism 0.1%.
Ethnic groups 97% White (European descent), 3% Mestizo, Asian and Black. 91.6% White German, 4.5 Middle Eastern, 1.0% Black, 2.0% Mixed, 1.5% others.
GDP (PPP) $964.279 billion[4] $3.842 trillion[5]
Literacy rate[6] 98,9 99,0
Human Development Index[7] 0.836 (Very High) 0.916 (Very High)

Relations[edit]

World War I[edit]

Trade developed between Germany and Argentina as early as the German Unification. Later on, Argentina maintained a strong economic relationship with Germany and supported them with supplies during World War I.

World War II[edit]

Former President Cristina Kirchner and former President Christian Wulff.

By the beginning of World War II, Argentina had a significant population of ethnic Germans. One area where they were particularly prominent was Misiones Province, Argentina's northeastern panhandle bordering on Paraguay and Brazil. It is estimated that by the early 1940s, there were around 10,000 ethnic Germans in Misiones, out of the province's total population of 190,000.[8] With the rise of Nazism in Germany, Nazi agents started active propaganda work among the ethnic Germans living in Argentina, with Nazi-organized meetings reportedly held as early as 1933. The pro-Nazi-Germany atmosphere in some small, predominantly German communities of the northeast was so intense during WWII, that some Argentinian officials who visited such towns reported that they could hardly feel themselves to still be in Argentina.[9] The Nazis were strongly opposed by the local Polish-Argentinians, as well as by the anti-Nazi German-Jewish minority.[9] Argentina stayed neutral during the whole of World-War II, declaring war on Germany only just before its capitulation. To postwar Germans, Argentina was the most desirable destination for middle- and upper-class emigrants next to Switzerland. Many returned after the fall of Peron. However, Germans traditionally consider themselves to have a Special Relationship to Argentina and Chile, two countries maintaining an unabated state of friendship in good as in bad times.

Susana Malcorra, Argentina's Minister of Foreign Affairs with Frank-Walter Steinmeier, German Minister of Foreign Affairs in Buenos Aires.

Under President Juan Peron following World War II, Argentina was incorporated into the ODESSA network, as Nazi officials emigrated to South America to avoid prosecution. Former Nazis who lived in Argentina included Adolf Eichmann, Josef Mengele, Aribert Heim, Eduard Roschmann and "Bubi" Ludolf von Alvensleben.

After the war[edit]

During the temporary Argentinian Occupation of the Falklands in 1982, Argentina was prepared to remove its troops if they could be replaced by "neutral" ones. Their suggestion was that the USA could represent Britain while Germany would do so for Argentina, however Germany and the rest of the European Union, fully recognise fellow EU state the United Kingdom as the rightful owners of the islands and refuse to recognise the Argentine claim.

In 2007, Germany was Argentina's fourth-largest import partner at 5%, behind Brazil, the United States, and China.[10]

Over 3,000,000 Argentines are of German descent.

Diplomatic missions[edit]

Argentina has an embassy in Berlin and Consulate-Generals in Frankfurt and Hamburg. Germany has an embassy in Buenos Aires and 11 honorary consulates, in Bariloche, Córdoba, Eldorado, Mar del Plata, Mendoza, Posadas, Salta, Santa Fe, Tucumán and Ushuaia.

Cultural relations[edit]

Hermann Burmeister was a prolific Argentine-German naturalist, paleontologist and zoologist, founder of the National Academy of Sciences of Argentina.

Famous German-Argentine scientists, architects, artist, musicians and writers:

among others.

Architecture[edit]

La Plata City Hall, eclecticist design based on German Renaissance Revival architecture.

The first German architects in Argentina were Jesuits who settled in the 18th century. For example , the oldest church preserved in Buenos Aires, the Church of San Ignacio, was built by a German John Krauss (1664-1714) , who arrived in 1697. And they were followed by a lot of engineers and German architects who carried out many public works, ports, bridges, temples, schools, etc. to more recent lengthwise and widthwise of Argentina dates.

The former Hospital de Clínicas "José de San Martín" of the University of Buenos Aires was designed by a German architect Philip Schwarz, the city of La Plata was outlined by a German Carlos Glade. The Legislature of La Plata (1882) was designed by Gustav Heine and Georg Hagemann (architects from Hannover), to manage the site, sent Carlos Nordmann to Argentina. The municipality of the city itself was designed by Uberto Stier (architect in Hannover). Market Fruits of Avellaneda (152,000 meters square ), the largest wool- stock of the world , was built by German Fernando Moog, the same who later also designed the Odeon Theatre.

The Palace of Justice in La Plata was designed by Adolph Büttner, the Caraffa Fine Arts Museum of Cordoba was built by Juan Kronfuss and military facilities Campo de Mayo were built by the company Siemens Bauunion, like building State phones (Corrientes and Maipu, Buenos Aires). Passage Siemens , with access to the Avenida de Mayo, is a design by Hans Hertlein , while the Subway " A" ( 1913 ) , the General Guemes Gallery ( 1915 ) , the Central Post Office (1915) , the refrigerator Armour La Plata (1916), the Colegio Nacional de Buenos Aires (1918 onwards) , the Superior School of Commerce Carlos Pellegrini , the plant CADE Puerto Nuevo ( 925) and the Obelisk of Buenos Aires (1936) are works of the German company GEOPÉ, which German director was John Hartmann.[11]

Language[edit]

German takes fourth place after English, French and Italian among the foreign languages taught at Argentine secondary schools, colleges and universities. Conversely, nearly half of the German population can speak spanish well.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]