Argentina–Brazil football rivalry
Brazilian player Coutinho in action against Argentina in 2016 [World Cup Qualifier 2018]
|First meeting|| Argentina 3–0 Brazil
|Latest meeting|| Argentina 0–3 Brazil
2018 FIFA World Cup qualification
(11 November 2016)
|Most wins||Brazil (44)|
|Largest victory|| Argentina 6–1 Brazil
(March 1, 1940)
The Argentina–Brazil rivalry is a highly competitive sports rivalry that exists between the national football teams of the two countries, as well as their respective sets of fans. Games between the two teams, even those that are only friendly matches, are often marked by notable and sometimes controversial incidents. This rivalry is also called the "Battle of the South Americans." FIFA have described it as the "essence of football rivalry", while ESPN FC ranked it top of their list of rivalries between national sides.
Even to passionate football fans, Argentina–Brazil matches are often noteworthy for the sheer level of competitiveness and talent of the two squads. Both Argentina and Brazil are routinely ranked among the top ten national teams in the world.
- 1 Origins
- 2 All 107 matches' results
- 3 Pelé/Maradona rivalry
- 4 Incidents and historical matches
- 4.1 1937 incident
- 4.2 1939 incident
- 4.3 1945 and 1946 incidents
- 4.4 1978 World Cup ("The Battle of Rosario")
- 4.5 1982 World Cup
- 4.6 1990 World Cup (The holy Water Scandal)
- 4.7 1991 Copa América match
- 4.8 1993 Copa América match
- 4.9 1995 Copa América match
- 4.10 Copa América 2004
- 4.11 2005 Confederations Cup Final
- 4.12 Copa América 2007
- 4.13 2008 Summer Olympics – Beijing
- 5 Club level
- 6 Women's football
- 7 Football culture
- 8 See also
- 9 References
- 10 External links
The origins of the football rivalry between Argentina and Brazil can be traced to before football became so popular in both countries. Today, few remember wars and other political confrontations between both countries, and only recall matches, victories, goals and other sport-related incidents. Their rivalry is found in almost all sports, but a men's football match between Argentina and Brazil is one that neither side wants to lose, and often acquires more importance than the championship within which it takes place. To exemplify the intensity of this rivalry, one only needs to remember that after the 1946 incidents (see below), the two teams did not play against each other for ten years; either team would decline to play a given cup so that they would never have to play against the neighboring country.
|Main Championship Titles||Argentina||Brazil|
|FIFA Confederations Cup||1||4|
Since their first match in 1914, the national teams have played 107 matches counting friendlies, FIFA World Cup matches, and other official competitions (excluding matches between youth sides).
Even though there is a difference depending on whether the Argentine Football Association (AFA) or the Brazilian Football Confederation (CBF) does the counting, the near-balance is not in dispute. Of the 107 matches played between both national teams, Argentina holds 38 and Brazil 44 victories, with 25 draws and 159 goals for Argentina and 162 goals for Brazil. Only counting World Cup matches, Brazil is slightly ahead with two wins, one draw and one loss, whereas in the Copa América matches, Argentina holds a comfortable lead with 14 victories, 8 draws and 9 defeats. Of the 50 friendly matches, 19 went to Brazil, 17 to Argentina and 14 were draws. Since the first match between the two countries in 1914, Argentina dominated the early years with more than double of the Brazilian victories. This is even when Brazil was world champion in 1958 and 1962. However, the 1970s proved to be dark times for Argentina, with seven defeats, four draws and only one victory, although it should be mentioned that one of the draws came in the 1978 World Cup played in Argentina. The 0–0 draw actually helped Argentina reach their second World Cup final and their first World Cup title. In the 1978 World Cup, Brazil was left behind, playing for third place.
|Brazil Wins||Draws||Argentina Wins||Brazil goals||Argentina goals||Total matches|
Highest scoring wins between these two nations, for Argentina 6–1 (at home in Buenos Aires, 1940) and 1–5 (away at Rio de Janeiro, 1939), for Brazil 6–2 (at home in Rio de Janeiro, 1945) and 1–4 (away at Buenos Aires, 1960). Most important victory matches between these two nations, for Argentina was the tie in the 1978 World Cup that helped them reach the final and their first title and the 1–0 victory over Brazil in the 1990 World Cup which eliminated Brazil from the World Cup in the Round of 16. For Brazil, two Copa America victories in the Copa America finals. The first, in Peru in 2004, saw Brazil win in a penalty shootout (4–2) after a (2–2) draw, and the second, a (3–0) win in the 2007 Copa América final played in Venezuela.
All 107 matches' results
|9 June 2017||Melbourne||TBA||TBA||Friendly|
|11 November 2016||Belo Horizonte||3–0||Brazil||2018 World Cup qualifier|
|13 November 2015||Buenos Aires||1–1||Draw||2018 World Cup qualifier|
|12 October 2014||Beijing||2–0||Brazil||Superclásico de las Américas|
|21 November 2012||Buenos Aires||2–1. Brazil won 4–3 on penalties after a 3–3 draw on aggregate.||Argentina||Superclásico de las Américas|
|19 September 2012||Goiânia||2–1||Brazil||Superclásico de las Américas|
|9 June 2012||East Rutherford, New Jersey||4–3||Argentina||Friendly|
|28 September 2011||Belém||2–0||Brazil||Superclásico de las Américas|
|14 September 2011||Córdoba||0–0||Draw||Superclásico de las Américas|
|17 November 2010||Doha||1–0||Argentina||Friendly|
|5 September 2009||Rosario||3–1||Brazil||2010 World Cup qualifier|
|18 June 2008||Belo Horizonte||0–0||Draw||2010 World Cup qualifier|
|15 July 2007||Maracaibo||3–0||Brazil||2007 Copa América|
|3 September 2006||London||3–0||Brazil||Friendly|
|29 June 2005||Frankfurt||4–1||Brazil||2005 Confederations Cup|
|8 June 2005||Buenos Aires||3–1||Argentina||World Cup 2006 Qualifier|
|25 July 2004||Lima||2(2) – 2(4)||Draw-Brazil won on penalties||2004 Copa America|
|2 June 2004||Belo Horizonte||3–1||Brazil||2006 World Cup qualifier|
|5 September 2001||Buenos Aires||2–1||Argentina||2002 World Cup qualifier|
|26 July 2000||São Paulo||3–1||Brazil||2002 World Cup qualifier|
|7 September 1999||Porto Alegre||4–2||Brazil||Friendly|
|4 September 1999||Buenos Aires||2–0||Argentina||Friendly|
|11 July 1999||Ciudad del Este||2–1||Brazil||1999 Copa America|
|29 April 1998||Rio de Janeiro||1–0||Argentina||Friendly|
|8 November 1995||Buenos Aires||1–0||Brazil||Friendly|
|17 July 1995||Rivera||2(4) – 2(2)||Draw-Brazil won on penalties||1995 Copa América|
|23 March 1994||Recife||2–0||Brazil||Friendly|
|27 June 1993||Guayaquil||1(6) – 1(5)||Draw-Argentina won on penalties||1993 Copa America|
|18 February 1993||Buenos Aires||1–1||Draw||Friendly|
|17 July 1991||Santiago||3–2||Argentina||1991 Copa América|
|27 June 1991||Curitiba||1–1||Draw||Friendly|
|27 March 1991||Buenos Aires||3–3||Draw||Friendly|
|24 June 1990||Turin||1–0||Argentina||1990 World Cup|
|12 July 1989||Rio de Janeiro||2–0||Brazil||1989 Copa América|
|10 July 1988||Melbourne||0–0||Draw||1988 Gold Cup|
|5 May 1985||Salvador||2–1||Brazil||Friendly|
|17 June 1984||São Paulo||0–0||Draw||Friendly|
|14 September 1983||Rio de Janeiro||0–0||Draw||1983 Copa América|
|24 August 1983||Buenos Aires||1–0||Argentina||1983 Copa América|
|2 July 1982||Barcelona (Sarrià)||3–1||Brazil||1982 World Cup|
|4 January 1981||Montevideo||1–1||Draw||Mundialito|
|23 August 1979||Buenos Aires||2–2||Draw||1979 Copa América|
|2 August 1979||Rio de Janeiro||2–1||Brazil||1979 Copa América|
|18 June 1978||Rosario||0–0||Draw||1978 World Cup|
|19 May 1976||Rio de Janeiro||2–0||Brazil||Roca Cup|
|27 February 1976||Buenos Aires||2–1||Brazil||Atlantic Cup|
|16 August 1975||Rosario||1–0||Brazil||1975 Copa América|
|6 August 1975||Belo Horizonte||2–1||Brazil||1975 Copa América|
|30 June 1974||Hanover||2–1||Brazil||1974 World Cup|
|31 July 1971||Buenos Aires||2–2||Draw||Roca Cup|
|28 July 1971||Buenos Aires||1–1||Draw||Roca Cup|
|8 March 1970||Rio de Janeiro||2–1||Brazil||Friendly|
|4 March 1970||Porto Alegre||2–0||Argentina||Friendly|
|11 August 1968||Rio de Janeiro||3–2||Brazil||Friendly|
|7 August 1968||Rio de Janeiro||4–1||Brazil||Friendly|
|9 June 1965||Rio de Janeiro||0–0||Draw||Friendly|
|7 September 1964||São Paulo||3–0||Brazil||Friendly|
|3 June 1964||São Paulo||3–0||Argentina||Nations Cup|
|16 April 1963||Rio de Janeiro||5–2||Brazil||Roca Cup|
|13 April 1963||São Paulo||3–2||Argentina||Roca Cup|
|24 March 1963||La Paz||3–0||Argentina||South American Championship|
|3 February 1962||Rio de Janeiro||0–0||Draw||SA NOVOS|
|12 July 1960||Rio de Janeiro||5–1||Brazil||Atlantic Cup|
|29 May 1960||Buenos Aires||4–1||Brazil||Roca Cup|
|26 May 1960||Buenos Aires||4–2||Argentina||Roca Cup|
|20 March 1960||San José, Costa Rica||1–0||Brazil||Panamerican Cup|
|13 March 1960||San José, Costa Rica||2–1||Argentina||Panamerican Cup|
|22 December 1959||Guayaquil||4–1||Argentina||South American Championship|
|4 April 1959||Buenos Aires||1–1||Draw||South American Championship|
|10 July 1957||São Paulo||2–0||Brazil||Roca Cup|
|7 July 1957||Rio de Janeiro||2–1||Argentina||Roca Cup|
|3 April 1957||Lima||3–0||Argentina||South American Championship|
|5 December 1956||Lima||2–1||Argentina||Friendly|
|8 July 1956||Avellaneda||0–0||Draw||Atlantic Cup|
|18 March 1956||Mexico City||2–2||Draw||Panamerican Cup|
|5 February 1956||Montevideo||1–0||Brazil||South American Championship|
|10 February 1946||Buenos Aires||2–0||Argentina||South American Championship|
|23 December 1945||Rio de Janeiro||3–1||Brazil||Roca Cup|
|20 December 1945||Rio de Janeiro||6–2||Brazil||Roca Cup|
|16 December 1945||São Paulo||4–3||Argentina||Roca Cup|
|15 February 1945||Santiago||3–1||Argentina||South American Championship|
|17 January 1942||Montevideo||2–1||Argentina||South American Championship|
|17 March 1940||Avellaneda||5–1||Argentina||Roca Cup|
|10 March 1940||Buenos Aires||3–2||Brazil||Roca Cup|
|5 March 1940||Buenos Aires||6-1||Argentina||Roca Cup|
|25 February 1940||São Paulo||3–0||Argentina||Roca Cup|
|18 February 1940||São Paulo||2–2||Draw||Roca Cup|
|22 January 1939||Rio de Janeiro||3–2||Brazil||Roca Cup|
|15 January 1939||Rio de Janeiro||5–1||Argentina||Roca Cup|
|1 February 1937||Buenos Aires||2–0||Argentina||South American Championship|
|30 January 1937||Buenos Aires||1–0||Argentina||South American Championship|
|25 December 1925||Buenos Aires||2–2||Draw||South American Championship|
|13 December 1925||Buenos Aires||4–1||Argentina||South American Championship|
|9 December 1923||Buenos Aires||2–0||Argentina||Roca Cup|
|2 December 1923||Montevideo||2–0||Brazil||Copa Confraternidad|
|18 November 1923||Montevideo||2–1||Argentina||South American Championship|
|22 October 1922||Rio de Janeiro||2–1||Brazil||Copa Julio Roca|
|15 October 1922||Rio de Janeiro||2–0||Brazil||South American Championship|
|2 October 1921||Buenos Aires||1–0||Argentina||South American Championship|
|12 October 1920||Valparaíso||3–1||Argentina||Friendly|
|25 September 1920||Valparaíso||2–0||Argentina||South American Championship|
|1 June 1919||Rio de Janeiro||3–3||Draw||Friendly|
|18 May 1919||Rio de Janeiro||3–1||Brazil||South American Championship|
|3 October 1917||Montevideo||4–2||Argentina||South American Championship|
|27 September 1916||Buenos Aires||0–1||Brazil||Roca Cup|
|10 July 1916||Buenos Aires||1–1||Draw||South American Championship|
|27 September 1914||Buenos Aires||1–0||Brazil||Roca Cup|
|20 September 1914||Buenos Aires||3–0||Argentina||Friendly|
Among the elite group of players football fans consider as contenders for the title, best player of all time, Brazil's Pelé and Argentina's Diego Maradona are probably the most famous, and generally dominate polls on the subject. Some of their fellow countrymen also feature regularly in such debates. The next most notable pair are perhaps Garrincha (Brazilian) and Alfredo Di Stéfano (Argentine). The most dominant figures from the two countries in the modern game are Neymar (Brazilian) and Lionel Messi (Argentine). Both Pelé and Maradona have declared Neymar and Messi their respective "successors".
However, the over-riding discussion about which of Pelé and Maradona is the greater has proved to be never-ending. Even though most consider them as the best players of their own times, many consider the comparison between them useless, as they played during incomparable eras and in different leagues. The debate between the pair has been described as "the rivalry of their countries in microcosm".
Pelé was given the title "Athlete of the Century" by the International Olympic Committee. In 1999, Time magazine named Pelé one of the 100 Most Important People of the 20th Century. Also, he was elected Football Player of the Century, by France Football's Golden Ball Winners in 1999, Football Player of the Century, by IFFHS International Federation of Football History and Statistics, 1999, South America Football Player of the Century, by IFFHS International Federation of Football History and Statistics. Pelé's 1281 goals are recognized by FIFA as the highest total achieved by a professional footballer.
The controversy reached a climax during the FIFA century awards in 2000, in which Maradona was voted Player of the Century in an official internet poll, garnering 53.6% of the votes against 18.53% for Pelé. Shortly before the ceremony, FIFA unexpectedly decided to add a second award and appointed a "Football Family" committee composed of football journalists that gave to Pelé the title of best player of the century to make it a draw. This move was criticized in Argentina, that suspected Pelé was rewarded for his constant support of FIFA, in contrast to Maradona's frequent criticism. Others believe that FIFA was considering issues other than football, notably Maradona's drug problem. Maradona left the ceremony right after receiving his award and before Pelé was given his.
In another internet poll that took place in 2002, Maradona received another award from FIFA, as one of his goals was selected as the World Cup Goal of the Century. One of Pelé's goals received third place, while Maradona had a second goal selected as fourth.
In spite of their frequent confrontations, usually through quotations by the media, Pelé was the guest star of Maradona's TV show La Noche del 10 ("The Night of the #10"), where they had a friendly chat and played a bout of headers.
Famous players and football figures often give their opinion on the Maradona and Pelé rivalry, sometimes choosing one over the other. Others prefer not to compare them, as they played in very different times. Perhaps one of the most reliable comparisons available is that by the Ballon d'Or winners (elected since 1956 by voters of several countries, and arguably greatest ones to properly appreciate both players). Pelé was elected Best Player of the Century for Ballon d'Or winners and Maradona was the runner-up.
The table below presents factual data about their careers:
|Playing position||Forward||Attacking midfielder|
|National team appearances||91||91|
|Goals scored for national team||77||34|
|World Cup wins playing||1958, 1962, 1970||1986|
|Total goals scored||767||311|
|Total matches played||831||589|
|Average goals scored per match||0.922||0.528|
Incidents and historical matches
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In the South American Championship 1937 (currently Copa América), the rivalry between both teams was already something of national pride. There were verbal confrontations between both parties, and Argentine fans often taunted the Brazilians by calling them macaquitos and making monkey sounds. Why they use a Brazilian insult? Nobody use the word macacos in Argentina; the word mono (monkey) also not is used as insult. The final match, held in Buenos Aires, was played between the two sides and was goalless after 90 minutes. In extra time, Argentina scored two goals. Questioning one of the goals and fearful for their own safety, the Brazilian players decided to leave the stadium before the match was officially finished. The Brazilian press has since called this match "jogo da vergonha" ("the shame game"). Argentina won, 2–0, and was South American champion again. Leónidas traveled alone to the World Cups of 1934 and 1938 because he was black. In the same way, a presidential decree of 1921 do not allow any black player in the Brazilian national team by an "issue of national prestige". The Brazilian football was in extreme racist, and black players played first in the Argentine First División and in the National Team than in Brazil, i.e Alejandro de los Santos, idol of El Provenir (second top scorer in his history) and champion of the 1925 Copa América.
In 1939, there were two matches between Argentina and Brazil, both of them in Rio de Janeiro and for the Roca Cup. The first one, held in January, ended 5–1 to Argentina.
A second match was held only one week later, with the Brazilian team seeking revenge for the previous defeat. The match was vibrating; first Brazil went ahead 1–0, then Argentina recovered to lead 1–2, and Brazil then drew level at 2–2. Shortly before the end of the match the referee, the same as in the previous match, gave a dubious penalty to Brazil. Furious, Argentina player Arcadio López verbally attacked the referee and had to be escorted out of the pitch by police. The Argentine team, enraged by the actions of the referee and the police, left the pitch. The penalty that gave Brazil the 3–2 victory was scored without a goalkeeper, because the entire Argentine team had already walked off the pitch.
1945 and 1946 incidents
In the 1945 match that Brazil won by six goals to two, young Brazilian Ademir Menezes fractured Argentine Batagliero's leg. Though it seemed to be only an unfortunate accident, the game was played roughly and sometimes violently.
A few months later, the South American Championship 1946 final again involved Argentina and Brazil. There was a large media coverage, and the conviction that it would be a rough match. Twenty-eight minutes after the beginning, when both teams went for a free ball, Brazilian Jair Rosa Pinto fractured Argentine captain José Salomón's tibia and fibula. General disorder ensued, with Argentine and Brazilian players fighting on the pitch with the police. The public invaded the pitch and both teams had to go to the dressing rooms. After order was restored the game continued, and Argentina won the match 2–0. Salomón never recovered completely nor played professional football after the incident.
1978 World Cup ("The Battle of Rosario")
The Group B of the second round was essentially a battle between Argentina and Brazil, and it was resolved in controversial circumstances. In the first round of group games, Brazil beat Peru 3–0 while Argentina saw off Poland 2–0. Brazil and Argentina then played out a tense and violent goalless draw – also known as "A Batalha de Rosário" ("The Battle of Rosario"), so both teams went into the last round of matches with three points. Argentina had an advantage that their match against Peru kicked off several hours after Brazil's match with Poland. Brazil won their match 3–1, so Argentina could know that they had to beat Peru by four clear goals to go through to the final. Argentina managed it with what some saw as a suspicious degree of ease. Trailing 2–0 at half-time, Peru simply collapsed in the second half, and Argentina eventually won 6–0. Rumours suggested that Peru might have been somehow illicitly induced not to try too hard (especially because the Peruvian goalkeeper, Ramón Quiroga, was born in Argentina); but nothing could be proved, and Argentina met the Netherlands in the final. Brazil, denied a final place by Argentina's 6–0 win over Peru, took third place from an enterprising Italy side and were dubbed "moral champions" by coach Cláudio Coutinho, because they did not win the tournament but did not lose a single match either.
1982 World Cup
Group C, a "group of death" with Brazil, Argentina and Italy, that World Cup history was made. In the opener, Italy prevailed 2–1 over Argentina. Argentina now needed a win over Brazil on the second day, but they were no match, as the Brazilians' attacking game, characterised by nimble, one-touch passing on-the-run, eclipsed the reigning world champions. The final score of 3–1 – Argentina only scoring in the last minute — could have been much higher had Brazil centre-forward Serginho not wasted a series of near-certain scoring opportunities. Frustrated because of the poor refereeing and the imminent loss, Diego Maradona kicked Brazilian player Batista and received a straight red card.
1990 World Cup (The holy Water Scandal)
The last time both teams met in a World Cup match was in 1990, which featured Argentina defeating Brazil 1–0 with a goal from Claudio Caniggia after a pass from Diego Maradona. The end of the match was controversial, however, with Brazilian player Branco accusing the Argentina training staff of giving him a bottle of water laced with tranquillizers while they were tending to an injured player. This came years after Maradona revealed the news on an Argentine television show. The Argentine Football Association and the team coach of the time, Carlos Bilardo, denied that the "holy water" incident ever took place.
1991 Copa América match
Argentina defeated Brazil 3–2 in Santiago in the first match of the final pool. Five players were sent off: Claudio Caniggia and Mazinho after tangling in the 31st minute; Carlos Enrique and Márcio Santos for another fight in the 61st minute, with one player leaving on a stretcher; and Careca Bianchezi in the 80th minute, two minutes after coming on as a substitute.
1993 Copa América match
Argentina and Brazil finished 1–1 at the 8/final match, played in Guayaquil. Brazil started winning the game, but Leonardo Rodríguez drew with the head after a corner kick at the second part. In penalties, Los Gauchos defeated 5–4 and advanced to the quarter-finals. Argentina finally won the Copa América title after defeating Mexico in the Final.
1995 Copa América match
Held in Uruguay, the two nations met at the quarter-finals stage on 17 July 1995. The Brazilian Túlio became famous for scoring a late equalizer five minutes from time after controlling the ball with his left arm. Despite the obvious foul, the referee, Alberto Tejada Noriega of Peru, claimed he did not see the incident and the goal therefore stood. The game finished with a 2–2 draw and Brazil went on to win on penalties. The Argentine media labeled the incident as the "hand of the devil", a reference to the controversial goal scored by Diego Maradona in the 1986 World Cup against England.
Copa América 2004
Argentina was winning 2–1, but in a spectacular turn of events, Adriano scored a goal in the last minute of the match, taking the match to penalties, where Brazil won with Júlio César stopping an impossible shot from Andrés D'Alessandro. Brazil was playing with its second-string team and this victory could be considered an underdog one.
2005 Confederations Cup Final
In 2005, Brazil and Argentina participated in the 2005 FIFA Confederations Cup. Brazil entered the competition as the reigning World Cup champions at the time. Since Brazil had also won the Copa América the previous year, however, Copa runners-up Argentina was allowed to participate in the tournament to take up the vacated berth. In the semi-finals, Brazil eliminated host nation Germany, while Argentina eliminated Mexico. This competition was the first time the two rivals would meet in a final game of a tournament sponsored by FIFA. In a surprising turn of events, the Brazilian team won the game easily, thrashing the Argentines 4–1. Adriano scored twice for Brazil, along with Kaká and Ronaldinho, while Pablo Aimar scored Argentina's only goal.
Copa América 2007
2008 Summer Olympics – Beijing
Defending champions Argentina and Brazil met on 19 August in the semifinal game of the Summer Olympics. The game, billed as a tête-à-tête between Lionel Messi and Ronaldinho, Barcelona teammates, was in the end a hard-fought clash between two historic rivals, marred by numerous fouls and two ejections for Brazil. Argentina convincingly won with a score of 3–0, and went on to beat Nigeria 1–0 in the final, being the first in obtaining two consecutive gold medals in football in 40 years and the third overall after the Olympic teams of the United Kingdom and Uruguay. Brazil eventually won the gold medal at the Olympics themselves playing at home in 2016.
|FIFA Club World Cup
Intercontinental Cup (d)
Copa CONMEBOL (d)
Copa Mercosur (d)
Supercopa Sudamericana (d)
|Suruga Bank Championship||2||1|
|Copa Interamericana (d)
Copa de Oro (d)
Supercopa Masters (d)
Copa Masters Conmebol (d)
Recopa Intercontinental (d)
At club level, Argentine clubs have been more successful than the Brazilians; Argentine clubs have won 24 Copa Libertadores, against 17 for Brazil. In the last 21 years, the Brazilians have made a run at this competition and have captured 11 titles and came in second place 9 other times. Brazil shows a slight advantage in world titles; Brazilians have 10 against 9 Intercontinental Cups / FIFA Club World Cup. Argentine club Boca Juniors, Maradona's team, earned the most FIFA club titles in South America with three. The second-most important CONMEBOL championship, equivalent to the UEFA Europa League, is the Copa Sudamericana (after the merger of Copa Conmebol, Copa Mercosur and Copa Merconorte, which replace Supercopa Sudamericana) with a slight advantage for Argentina. Other minor events include the Recopa Sudamericana and the defunct Copa Interamericana.
Copa Libertadores de America
In the history of this tournament, played since 1960, only once has a Brazilian team captured a title on Argentine soil. This took place in 1963 when Brazilian side Santos defeated the most popular Argentine club, Boca Juniors. However, the same Argentine club team, Boca Juniors, has celebrated three of its six titles on Brazilian soil, defeating Palmeiras in 2000, Santos in 2003 and Grêmio in 2007. The two greatest Argentine and Brazilian players that have ever played this sport had at one point played in these same two clubs: Pelé for Santos while Diego Maradona had done the same for Boca Juniors. It has been reported that in all three of Boca Juniors' victories on Brazilian soil, Boca's players were not allowed to properly sleep in their hotel rooms the night before their final matches because of the chaos and noise created by Brazilian fans outside the hotel rooms, who attempted to disrupt the Argentine players from performing to their best of their abilities the following day.
In the international arena, the most successful Argentine clubs are Boca Juniors (six Libertadores and three Intercontinental Cups), Independiente (seven Libertadores and two Intercontinental Cups), Estudiantes La Plata (four Libertadores and one Intercontinental Cup), River Plate (three Libertadores and one Intercontinental Cup), Vélez (one Libertadores and one Intercontinental), San Lorenzo (one Libertadores, one Copa Mercosur and one Copa Sudamericana), Argentinos Juniors (one Libertadores) and Racing Club (one Libertadores and one Intercontinental Cup).
The most successful Brazilian clubs are São Paulo (three Libertadores, one FIFA Club World Cup and two Intercontinental Cups), Santos (three Libertadores and two Intercontinental Cups), Grêmio (two Libertadores and one Intercontinental Cup), Internacional (two Libertadores and one FIFA Club World Cup), Cruzeiro (two Libertadores), Corinthians (one Libertadores and two FIFA Club World Cups), Flamengo, (one Libertadores and one Intercontinental Cup), Vasco da Gama (one Libertadores, one South American Championship of Champions and one Copa Mercosur) and Palmeiras (one Libertadores title).
The Brazil women's national team is a successful women's football team, though not as successful as the men's counterpart. It was runner-up in the FIFA Women's World Cup of 2007, and a Silver Medal at the Olympic games in 2004 and 2008. In comparison, Argentina does not have a professional (or even semi-professional) women's football league; the members of the Argentina women's national football team are all amateur players despite their clubs often being affiliated with prominent men's professional clubs. Although the two teams usually have to battle for the top qualification spots for CONMEBOL when the World Cup qualification comes around, this rivalry does not provide the passion that men's matches encounter yet.
Brazil won every game of the Sudamericano Femenino against Argentina until the 2006 edition, when Argentina finally beat them 2–0 in the final group stage, awarding Argentina the championship. Argentina did not participate in the 1991 South American competition and was second to Brazil in the following three tournaments. Beginning with the 2003 edition, both champion and runner-up qualified for the World Cup. As Argentina has not been past the group stages in the World Cup, the two teams have not met in the Olympic Football Tournament yet.
Depicting the football rivalry between the two South American countries, Diego Maradona filmed a television commercial in which he is wearing the Brazilian outfit, lined up with Brazilian stars Kaká and Ronaldo, singing the Brazilian national anthem before a match. He then wakes up from the "nightmare", where he can be seen wearing an Argentine national shirt in his bed, next to a bunch of empty cans of Guaraná Antarctica, a Brazilian traditional soft drink.
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- Davison, Phil (15 March 2005). "Football: The Maradona diet: a gastric bypass, holy water and a pinch of salt". The Independent. London. Retrieved 9 October 2015.
- Copa América 1991 Final Pool – from RSSSF.
- The hand of the devil still rankles as the Copa reaches its climax.
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