Argentina–England football rivalry
|First meeting||9 May 1951|
|Latest meeting||England 3–2 Argentina
(12 November 2005)
|Most wins||England (6)|
The Argentina–England football rivalry is a highly competitive sports rivalry that exists between the national football teams of the two countries, as well as their respective sets of fans. Games between the two teams, even those that are only friendly matches, are often marked by notable and sometimes controversial incidents.
The rivalry is unusual in that it is an intercontinental one; typically such footballing rivalries exist between countries that are close to one another, for example France–Italy or Argentina–Brazil. Argentina is regarded in England as one of the major rivals of the English football team, matched only by Germany and Scotland. The rivalry is also keenly felt in Argentina, locally described as a Clásico, where only matches against Brazil or Uruguay carry a greater significance in popular perception.
The rivalry emerged across several games during the latter half of the 20th century, even though as of 2008 the teams have played each other on only 14 occasions in full internationals. It was driven by various controversial incidents, particularly those in the games played between the teams at the 1966 and 1986 FIFA World Cups. The rivalry was also intensified, particularly in Argentina, by a non-footballing event, the 1982 Falklands War between Argentina and the United Kingdom. However, despite the intense rivalry between the national sides and its high media and public profile, numerous Argentine players have played for English club sides with few problems, with many such as Osvaldo Ardiles or Ricardo Villa and national team members Sergio Agüero, Pablo Zabaleta and Ángel Di María becoming extremely popular with fans in England.
Overall, England hold the edge in the rivalry, with six victories to four by Argentina (including one by penalty shoot-out), and five draws. In the FIFA World Cup England to Argentina for head-to-head record, with three victories (in 1962, 1966 and 2002) to Argentina's two (in 1986 and 1998) .
- 1 Early history
- 2 Crucial moments
- 3 Argentina v England matches
- 4 Club level
- 5 Argentine players at English clubs
- 6 Fans' behaviour
- 7 See also
- 8 References
- 9 External links
British influence on Argentine football
In the latter half of the 19th century, the Argentine capital Buenos Aires had a large expatriate British community of some 10,000 people. As in many other parts of the world, football was introduced to Argentina by the British. The first recorded football match played in Argentina was organized by the Buenos Aires Cricket Club in Palermo, Buenos Aires, on 20 June 1867, and played between two teams of British railway workers, the White Caps and the Red Caps (it was common in the early days of football for teams to be distinguished by caps rather than jerseys).
The so-called "father of Argentine football" was a Glaswegian schoolteacher, Alexander Watson Hutton, who first taught football at the St. Andrew's Scots School in Buenos Aires in the early 1880s. On 4 February 1884,  he founded the Buenos Aires English High School, where he continued to instruct the pupils in the game. In 1898, Alumni Athletic Club, a football team formed by the BAEHS students, was established. Alumni would be the most successful team of Argentina, winning a total of 22 titles until it was dissolved in 1913.
In 1891, Hutton established the Association Argentine Football League. Five clubs competed but only one season of games was played. A new league, The Argentine Association Football League, was formed 21 February 1893 and would eventually become the Argentine Football Association (AFA). In these early days of football in Argentina, nearly all of the players and officials were expatriate Britons or of British extraction, and the oldest football clubs in Argentina such as Rosario Central, Newell's Old Boys and Quilmes A.C., were all founded by British expatriates. As the popularity of the game increased, the British influence on the game waned and by 1912, the Association was renamed Asociación del Fútbol Argentino.
The British influence on the game in Argentina, however, shows in the continued use of terms such as "corner" and "wing" rather than their Spanish translations. The names of several famous teams in Argentina are also English in origin, such as River Plate, or influenced by the language, such as Boca Juniors.
The national teams had met before their 1966 clash — Argentina were the first team other than Scotland to play England at Wembley Stadium in 1951 when the inaugural full international match between the sides ended with a 2–1 victory for England. They also played two matches in 1953 in Buenos Aires. The first, a 3–1 victory for Argentina, was considered an unofficial international by England, who fielded a second-string team dubbed an FA XI. However, this match appears in Argentina's list of official internationals, and is listed as a full international by FIFA, and so Argentines consider it to be their first ever victory over England. Afterwards, one Argentine politician stated that "we nationalised the railways, and now we have nationalised football!" 
The second 1953 international was an official match for both teams: England playing with a stronger line-up involving Alf Ramsey, Nat Lofthouse and Tom Finney; Argentina sticking with the same line-up used in the first match. The game, however, was abandoned after 36 minutes due to torrential rain, with a 0–0 scoreline. The teams next met in the 1962 FIFA World Cup in Chile, where England's 3–1 victory in the group stage led to Argentina's exit from the tournament. Argentina's first victory over England in a full international occurred in a 1–0 win in June 1964, during the Taça de Nações friendly tournament in Brazil.
1966 World Cup
In spite of all of this history, it was not until the 1966 FIFA World Cup, held in and eventually won by England, that the rivalry picked up the sometimes bitter and fierce edge that it retains. The two teams met in the quarter-finals of the tournament, a game referred to in Argentina as el robo del siglo ("the theft of the century") that England won 1–0 thanks to a goal from striker Geoff Hurst, disputed by the Argentines due to a claimed offside.
The game, however, was particularly noted for the sending off of Argentina captain Antonio Rattín after receiving his second caution of the game. The Argentines considered the second caution to be unfair, including Rattín himself, who had to be escorted from the pitch by police before he would leave. Rattín was booked at the start of the match for a lunge on Bobby Charlton. Rattín then fouled Geoff Hurst and received a second booking for arguing with the referee.
It was reported in Argentina that the German referee, Rudolf Kreitlein, said that he had sent off Rattín because he did not like how he had looked at him, while British newspapers cited the official as having given the reason as "violence of the tongue," despite the referee speaking no Spanish. Rattín's intention appeared to have been to speak with the German referee, as according to the Argentines, he was ruling in favour of the English team. Rattín made a visible signal showing his captain's armband and intention to call a translator.
Ken Aston, the English supervisor of referees, entered the field to try to persuade Rattín to leave, but he only exacerbated the situation since the Latin American teams had already suspected that the English and Germans were collaborating to eliminate them from the competition. After his dismissal, Rattín scrunched the corner flag (featuring the Union Jack) with his hand before finally sitting down on the floor. After the match, England manager Alf Ramsey refused to allow his players to swap shirts with the Argentines (as is traditional after the conclusion of a football match) and later described the South Americans as "animals" in the press. The Argentine press and public were outraged, and one Argentine newspaper published a picture of the official World Cup mascot, World Cup Willie, dressed in pirate regalia to demonstrate their opinion of the England team.
1986 World Cup
After friendlies in 1974, 1977 and 1980, which showed no particular signs of rivalry, the next competitive game between the two teams occurred at the 1986 FIFA World Cup in Mexico, again at the quarter-final stage. The encounter was made particularly incendiary by the Falklands War fought by the two countries only four years previously, and many in Argentina saw the game as being an opportunity to exact revenge upon England for their loss in the conflict.
Argentina took the lead through a highly-controversial goal from their star player Diego Maradona, who punched the ball into the England net with his hand. The goal was allowed to stand by the referee, who did not see the infringement, much to the fury of the English team and its fans. The goal, dubbed the "Hand of God goal" after Maradona's tongue-in-cheek description of how it was scored, has become infamous in England, particularly as England went on to lose the game and were knocked out of the tournament.
Also in this game, Maradona scored a second goal, voted in 2002 as the best goal in World Cup history, before English striker Gary Lineker pulled one back, but England could not score again and lost 2–1. Despite the skill of his second goal, Maradona wrote in his autobiography that, "I sometimes think I preferred the one with my hand... It was a bit like stealing the wallet of the English." He also wrote, in reference to the Falklands conflict, that "it was as if we had beaten a country, not just a football team... Although we had said before the game that football had nothing to do with the Malvinas war, we knew they had killed a lot of Argentine boys there, killed them like little birds. And this was revenge."
At the end of the game, England's Steve Hodge swapped shirts with Maradona, a shirt Hodge would later loan out to the National Football Museum in the 2000s. Maradona praised the English as they did not use rough tactics like the other teams that frequently fouled and knocked him over.
The game added hugely to the rivalry between the two teams in England where they felt that they had been cheated out of the competition by Maradona's handball. The importance of both goals for the English people can be seen as the fact they were chosen sixth in the list of 100 Greatest Sporting Moments in 2002 by Channel 4. Meanwhile, in Argentina, the game was seen as revenge for the Falklands War and for what they still see as the unfair game in the 1966 World Cup.
Almost inevitably that whenever the two teams play, this game (and particularly the Hand of God goal in England) will be referred to by the sports media in the buildup to the game.
On 25 May 1991, a friendly match between the two teams was played at Wembley. Argentina, now under the management of Alfio Basile, were preparing for the forthcoming Copa América 1991, which they went on to win. The South Americans had a new generation of players mainly playing locally, replacing the very successful group of the previous two World Cup tournaments. The game was mostly under the control of England, but near the end, Argentina came back from two goals down to draw 2–2. Darío Franco and Claudio García scored with headers.
In spite of not being a victory, the result was celebrated in Argentina, especially as both Argentine goals came from corner kicks, which in Argentina were seen as being a part of the game at which the English usually excelled.
1998 World Cup
The next meeting between the two countries came in the round of 16 of the 1998 FIFA World Cup, held in France. The game had many noteworthy aspects including a goal that is considered one of the greatest of all time in England, scored by young striker Michael Owen.
The match is also remembered for David Beckham receiving a red card. Beckham had been fouled hard by Diego Simeone and as Simeone stood up, he pushed upon Beckham's back. Beckham swung his leg out (not necessarily in the Argentine's direction) to which Simeone acted and "fell like a ton of bricks," and the referee sent Beckham off.
Playing with ten men, England held out against the Argentine attacks and, in the dying moments of the game during a scramble in the Argentine penalty area, Sol Campbell headed the ball into the goal. As the England players began to celebrate a winning goal the referee blew for a foul that Alan Shearer had committed on the Argentine goalkeeper prior to the goal and disallowed it. The consequent free kick was taken very quickly, while the England players were still celebrating, and they had to rush back to successfully prevent the Argentines from scoring.
The scores stayed level at 2–2 until the end of extra time. In the ensuing penalty shoot-out that decided the game, Argentina won 4–3 after two English kicks were saved by their goalkeeper Carlos Roa.
Immediately following the game, Beckham was vilified by the English press for his perceived petulance and naïvety on the international stage; the headline in The Daily Mirror the following day described the England team as: "10 Heroic Lions, One Stupid Boy." Simeone has since made a subsequent "confession" where he admitted to simulating the injury from the kick in order to get Beckham sent off, and as all his teammates urged the referee to give Beckham the red card. However, Sports Illustrated was critical of the Argentinian's theatrics in that incident, stating that Simeone first delivered a "heavy-handed challenge" on Beckham and then "fell like a ton of bricks" to get Beckham sent off, noting that the Argentines used similar "theatrics" in their next match against the Netherlands which got a Dutch player sent off (Argentina, however, lost that match 2–1).
2002 World Cup
Another friendly was played in 2000, again at Wembley, but ended 0–0. Then, the teams were drawn to meet once more in the group stages of the 2002 FIFA World Cup. Having been knocked out by Argentina in two of the previous three World Cups in which they had competed, tension in England was high. This tension was raised by the England team, gaining only a draw in their opening match against Sweden, meaning that they needed a good result against Argentina to avoid being eliminated from the competition.
David Beckham, who was then the England captain, scored the only goal of the match, a penalty kick following a foul on Michael Owen, which many felt redeemed Beckham in the eyes of the English sporting public for his dismissal four years earlier. As The Times described it in their match report, "vilified for the red card that helped to usher England out of the 1998 World Cup at the hands of Argentina, he wakes this morning with his halo brighter than ever." Despite a late onslaught from the Argentine players at the end of the second-half of the game, England maintained the scoreline and won 1–0, and partly as a result of this Argentina (one of the pre-tournament favourites to win) were knocked out in the first round.
Although the Argentine players and public criticised the awarding of the penalty kick, the game was generally played in a good, if highly competitive, spirit, and there was none of the bitterness that had affected the 1966, 1986 and 1998 meetings.
The most recent game between the two nations occurred on neutral ground in Geneva on 12 November 2005 when the two teams, having both already qualified for the 2006 FIFA World Cup, met in a friendly. Both teams selected strong sides. England twice came from behind to beat Argentina 3–2 with goals from Michael Owen from crosses by Steven Gerrard and Joe Cole in the dying moments. The result and performance were welcomed enthusiastically by the English press and public. The general nature of the match was also less intensely vitriolic than on previous occasions, with The Times reporting, "by the unpleasant standards of previous confrontations, the skirmish between England and Argentina edged towards the saccharine, although the concept is deeply relative. The latest encounter featured punches on the terraces, songs about the Falkland Islands, jibes regarding players' sexuality and general churlishness that, believe it or not, represents a significant thaw in diplomatic relations." England's victory was the first time either side had won consecutive matches against the other.
Argentina v England matches
|9 May 1951 Friendly Match||England||2–1||Argentina||Middlesex|
|(Report)||18' Boyé||Stadium: Wembley Stadium
Referee: Sandy Griffiths
|14 May 1953 Friendly Match||Argentina||3–1||England||Buenos Aires|
|Grillo 42', 78'
|||41' Taylor||Stadium: Estadio Monumental
Referee: Arthur Ellis
|17 May 1953 Friendly Match||Argentina||0–0||England||Buenos Aires|
|Stadium: Estadio Monumental
Referee: Arthur Ellis
|2 June 1962 1962 FIFA World Cup||England||3–1||Argentina||Rancagua|
|Flowers 18' (pen.)
|(Report)||81' Sanfilippo||Stadium: Estadio El Teniente
Referee: Nikolay Latyshev
|6 June 1964 Taça das Nações||Argentina||1–0||England||Rio de Janeiro|
|Rojas 66'||(Report)||Stadium: Estádio do Maracanã
Referee: Leo Horn
|23 July 1966 1966 FIFA World Cup||England||1–0||Argentina||London|
|Hurst 77'||(Report)||Stadium: Wembley Stadium
Referee: Rudolf Kreitlein
|22 May 1974 Friendly Match||England||2–2||Argentina||London|
|(Report)||59', 89' (pen.) Kempes||Stadium: Wembley Stadium
Referee: Arturo Ithurralde
|12 June 1977 Friendly Match||Argentina||1–1||England||Buenos Aires|
|Bertoni 15'||(Report)||3' Pearson||Stadium: La Bombonera
Referee: Ramón Barreto
|13 May 1980 Friendly Match||England||3–1||Argentina||London|
|Johnson 41', 50'
|(Report)||53' (pen.) Passarella||Stadium: Wembley Stadium
Referee: Brian McGinlay
|22 June 1986 1986 FIFA World Cup||Argentina||2–1||England||Mexico City|
|Maradona 50', 54'||(Report)||80' Lineker||Stadium: Estadio Azteca
Referee: Ali Bin Nasser
|25 May 1991 1991 Challenge Cup||England||2–2||Argentina||London|
|(Report)|| 65' García
|Stadium: Wembley Stadium
Referee: Zoran Petrović
|30 June 1998 1998 FIFA World Cup||Argentina||2–2 (aet)
|Batistuta 6' (pen.)
|(Report)|| 10' (pen.) Shearer
|Stadium: Stade Geoffroy-Guichard
Referee: Kim Milton Nielsen
|23 February 2000 Friendly Match||England||0–0||Argentina||London|
|(Report)||Stadium: Wembley Stadium
Referee: Markus Merk
|7 June 2002 2002 FIFA World Cup||Argentina||0–1||England||Sapporo|
|(Report)||44' (pen.) Beckham||Stadium: Sapporo Dome
Referee: Pierluigi Collina
|12 November 2005 Friendly Match||Argentina||2–3||England||Geneva|
|(Report)|| 39' Rooney
87', 90+2' Owen
|Stadium: Stade de Genève
Referee: Philippe Leuba
Facts and figures
- Overall record (15 matches): England – 6 wins; Argentina – 3 wins, 6 draws (including one won by Argentina by penalty shoot-out).
- Competitive matches (5 matches, all at World Cups): England – 3 wins; Argentina – 1 win; 1 match drawn after which Argentina won a penalty shootout.
- In Argentina (3 matches): Argentina – 1 win, one draw, one match abandoned with a draw result.
- In England (6 matches): England – 3 wins; 3 draws.
- Neutral venues (6 matches): England – 3 wins; Argentina – 2 wins; 1 match drawn after which Argentina won a penalty shootout.
- Both teams have knocked each other out on the way to winning World Cups – England in 1966 and Argentina in 1986.
- England also defeated Argentina at the 1962 and 2002 tournaments, contributing to Argentina being knocked out in the Group Stages of these competitions.
- Argentina defeated England 4–3 on penalties (after the match was drawn 2–2 after extra time) at the 1998 tournament, the only time they have faced each other in a penalty shootout.
At the club level, matches have also been heated. Argentine and English clubs have not had many chances to play against each other, but when they have done so there have been notable incidents. The most memorable matches happened in the now defunct European/South American Cup. In 1968, Estudiantes de La Plata played against Manchester United for the Cup, then known as the "Intercontinental Cup". The first leg was in Buenos Aires, where Estudiantes' supporters were highly vocal and the game was played in a very physical manner with a disputed red card and physical injury. Manchester United could not recover the 1–0 deficit in the second leg and Estudiantes won the title.
Nine years later, in 1977, Liverpool refused to play against Boca Juniors, so Boca played against European runner-up Borussia Mönchengladbach and obtained their first cup. In 1978, Liverpool alleged "scheduling conflicts"; the cup was not played.
In 1984, Independiente played Liverpool for the trophy that, by this point, had been renamed the "Toyota Cup". The format had also changed, to a single game played in Japan, making it easier for teams to attend. Independiente won 1–0 with a goal by José Percudani.
At the 2007 Peace Cup (held in Japan) between Argentine side River Plate and English club Reading, the game ended in a 1–0 win for the Argentines. Likewise at the 2009 Edmonton Cup in Canada, River Plate defeated Everton 1–0.
Argentine players at English clubs
A number of Argentine footballers, some of them high-profile stars, have played and still play for English clubs, among them Osvaldo Ardiles and Ricardo Villa, who joined Tottenham Hotspur, and Alberto Tarantini, who joined Birmingham City when players from outside the British Isles were rare in English football, and many others since the advent of the Premier League and the increase in the number of foreign players. In 2006, West Ham United signed Carlos Tevez and Javier Mascherano, though it was later discovered that the players were signed on terms that broke two Premier League rules, with the club subsequently being fined £5.5 million. Recently, Argentine striker Sergio Agüero gained notorious popularity for scoring the final goal of the 2011–12 Premier League season against Queens Park Rangers that gave his club Manchester City their first league championship in 44 years.
Much of the colour and intensity in this rivalry is added by the fans themselves. While matches prior to the 1982 Falklands War generated interest and emotion, it was the war itself that fuelled passions and elevated this rivalry. Before the 1986 game fans from both countries had a fight in a Mexico City streets and into the stadium too, wich included English flags stolen by the Argentine fans and a lot of Englishmen injured by the Argentine barras bravas.
During games, however, behaviour so far has been generally peaceful on both sides; probably because of the heightened security in the stadia.
- Argentina v England (1986 FIFA World Cup)
- Argentina–Brazil football rivalry
- England–Germany football rivalry
- England–Scotland football rivalry
- "Early History of Football in Argentina'" – RSSSF
- "Alumni Athletic Club" – RSSSF
- "Buenos Aires English High School"
- "Alumni: en el nombre del fútbol", Clarín, 2003-04-21
- "Argentina 1891" – RSSSF
- Argentine - England list of matches on FIFA.com
- Kuper, Simon (25 February 2002). "The conflict lives on". The Guardian. Retrieved 2006-05-06.
- Mundial de Inglaterra 1966 – EL ROBO DEL SIGLO
- Mundial de Inglaterra 1966 – INGLATERRA A LA SEMIFINAL, ¿ALGUIEN LO PODÍA PREVENIR?
- "World Cup: 25 stunning moments … No23: The 1966 World Cup". TheGuardian.com. The Guardian. Retrieved 13 August 2014.
- Mundial de Inglaterra 1966 – EL RATA CONTRA EL MUNDO
- McLynn, Frank (2005-10-02). "Heroes and villains: Sir Alf Ramsey". The Observer. Retrieved 2006-05-06.
- Rattín live interview on the Fox Sport Latin America channel on 30-3-2007
- Maradona, D. Maradona: The Autobiography of Soccer's Greatest and Most Controversial Star, p.127. Skyhorse Publishing, 2007. ISBN 1-60239-027-4.
- Maradona, D. Maradona: The Autobiography of Soccer's Greatest and Most Controversial Star, p.128. Skyhorse Publishing, 2007. ISBN 1-60239-027-4.
- Pagina 12 newspaper Alfio Basile: La última vez que estuve en Inglaterra (en Wembley, en 1991, contra la selección local) fue hermoso. Esa vez los teníamos a todos en contra.
- Carlin, John (May 19, 2002). "England v Argentina – A history". Observer Sport Monthly, 19 May 2002 (London). Retrieved November 15, 2006.
- "CNN/SI - World Cup France '98 - The Netherlands pay back controversial loss to Argentina - Saturday July 04, 1998 03:33 PM". Sportsillustrated.cnn.com. 1998-07-04.
- "CNN/SI - World Cup France '98 - Bergkamp scores in 90th minute to lead the Netherlands to victory - Wednesday September 16, 1998 05:34 PM". Sportsillustrated.cnn.com. 1998-09-16.
- Dickinson, Matt (2002-06-08). "Beckham gives England lift-off". London: The Times. Retrieved 2006-05-06.
- Caulkin, George (2005-11-14). "The price of peace". London: The Times. Retrieved 2006-06-06.
- England sent an "FA XI" (not the first team). This game is NOT considered a full international by FIFA, as shown by their official head-to-head records on the FIFA website.
- "Bitter rivals end up friends". Manchester Evening News. 2004-08-07. Retrieved 2006-03-10.[dead link]
- "No podemos impedir que viajen". Clarin. 2006-05-16. Retrieved 2006-06-06.
- The match was suspended after 23 minutes because of a water logged pitch. It was abandoned after 36 minutes, with the score at 0–0.
- England v Argentina: A history 19.05.02.
- England v Argentina revisited 29.03.02
- A comprehensive list of the results of matches between Argentina and England from 1951 to 2005
- Match report — Argentina 2–2 England (Argentina win 4–3 on penalties) 30.06.98
- Match report — Argentina 0–1 England 17.06.02
- Match report — Argentina 2–3 England 12.11.05