Argentine Army Aviation
|Direccion de Aviación de Ejército
Argentine Army Aviation
Argentine Army Aviation wings
|Active||1912 – 1945
1956 - present
Ministry of Defense
|Chief of Staff of the Army||General|
|Chief of AvEjer||Colonel|
The Argentine Army Aviation (Spanish: Comando de Aviación Ejército Argentino, AvEjer) is the army aviation branch of the Argentine Army. Their members have the same rank insignia and titles as the rest of the Army.
Along with its primary role of supporting Army operations, the Army Aviation is highly involved in humanitarian aid missions, emergency relief, medical evacuations and forest firefighting.
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Military aviation in Argentina traces back to the Paraguayan War when, on 8 July 1867, Staff Sergeant Roberto A. Chodasiewicz used an observation balloon during the battle of Humaitá. Since then, the army was the main driving force behind national aeronautical development. The use of enthusiastic students who relied on the selfless support of civil institutions and airclubs, saw the creation of the Military Aviation School at El Palomar in 1912.
The establishment of the Army Aviation Service ((Spanish) Servicio de Aviación de Ejército) saw a great expansion of Argentine air power in the 1912–1945 period, and supported the development of civil aviation in Argentina. The creation of the first aviation units and the foundation of the Fabrica Militar de Aviones in the 1920s were the beginning of a process that lead to the creation of the Argentine Air Force in 1945, to which the Army transferred its aircraft and related installations.
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In 1956, Army Aviation was re-established within the Army and began a major expansion, incorporating new types of aircraft and opening new bases around the country. In 1965, using a Cessna U-17 they performed their first expedition to the South Pole.
During the 1970s the service consolidated itself as an important branch of the Army receiving aircraft such as the Aeritalia G.222 transport which caused friction with the Air Force. The expansion plans continued in the early 1980s with the incorporation of the Agusta A109 utility and the Boeing CH-47 Chinook heavy-lift helicopters.
The dictatorship that took power in 1976 increased tensions with Chile which reached their highest point during the 1978 Operation Soberanía where the Army Aviation performed major deployments.
In 1982, the Military Junta invaded the Falkland Islands (Spanish: Islas Malvinas) triggering a ten-week-long war against the United Kingdom. The Argentine Army Aviation deployed 2 CH-47 Chinooks, 3 Agusta A109, 6 SA330 Pumas and 9 UH-1Hs to the islands, where they performed 796 general support flights under harsh operating conditions. Their helicopters were also extensively used in Patagonia and the Army also took over police MBB Bo 105s during the conflict.
Six Army aviation members died in the war. Two army helicopters were shot down, six destroyed on the ground, and ten were captured. Some of these captured were used by British Army and other used as targets for RAF ground attack training.
After the war, the Aerospatiale Super Puma was incorporated, mainly for Antarctica support duties operating from Navy's icebreaker ARA Almirante Irizar. In 1998, Argentina was granted Major Non-NATO ally status by United States President Bill Clinton and the Army Aviation began an expansive program that included the reception of OV-1 Mohawks and surplus UH-1H from the US Army. The US also authorized the delivery of 12 AH-1F Cobra gunships but the operation was halted by the Argentine Government.
In the 1990s, the Aviation Army began its Unmanned aerial vehicle program, the Lipan series.picture In 2007, the Ministry of Defense evaluated the Chinese Changhe Z-11 (Argentine index AE-350) and 40 are to be built. Also in 2007, the Army unveiled the indigenous Cicaré CH-14 Aguilucho scout prototype video. A major update program is currently[when?] underway refitting the Hueys to the Huey II variant. On March 2010 it was announced the purchase of five Bell 206 for the Joint armed forces school 
Army aircraft with tactical camouflage have adopted high-visibility yellow markings Ejército (Spanish for "Army") in order to encourage the national press to stop referring to them as belonging to the air force.
In the 2014 celebration of the Argentine Army Aviation day, the following actions to improve capabilities were confirmed:
- purchse of 1 Cessna Citation and 4 Grand Caravan aircraft
- purchase of 2 Casa 212 aircraft
- replacement of Mohawk by Diamond 42 aircraft
- purchase of second hand Italian AB206 helicopters (agreement reached but never signed until new government took power in 2016)
- upgrade of remaining UH-1 helicopters to Huey II standard (due to budget restrictions purchase of new helicopters was abandoned).
- refurbishing of Super Puma helicopters.
Currently Argentina has expresed interest in buying surplus US equipment and authorization granted by US government. This may involve Transport or Scout helicopters.
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Units and bases
- Army Aviation Group 601
The service has also permanent forward location bases assigned to both division and brigade HQ levels.
- 1st Army Division
- 2nd Army Division
- 3rd Army Division
Pilot recruitment and training
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The Argentine Army gets its pilots from two main sources. One is the officers who graduate from the Military Academy and then volunteer for the Army Aviator Course. This course lasts one year and takes place at either the Air Force Academy, in Cordoba (for fixed wing aircraft), or the Army Aviation School (for helicopters), in Campo de Mayo, outside Buenos Aires. Since 2009, these two schools are the only training centers for pilots from the three armed services. The other source is civilian pilots who, after a ten-month course at the Military Academy, join the Army Aviation as 2nd lieutenants. While Academy-graduated officers are called "Army Aviators" and those coming from civilian life are "Army Pilots", there are no specific technical differences between them. However, "Army Pilots" can only reach the rank of colonel. Also, "Army Aviators" retain their original branch (i.e. Infantry, Cavalry, Artillery, Engineers, Signals or Ordnance) and can be posted to their branch's units in case of need. "Army Pilots", instead, can only serve in Army Aviation units or related positions, as they have no other capability.
List of aircraft of the Argentine Army.
|Bell UH-1||United States||utility||UH-1H||49|
|AgustaWestland AW109||Italy||light utility||3|
|CASA C-212||Spain||transport / medevac||3|
|Cessna 208 Caravan||United States||transport||2|
|DHC-6 Twin Otter||Canada||utility transport||2||STOL capable aircraft|
|Swearingen Merlin||United States||transport||Merlin III / IV||4|
|Cessna Citation II||United States||VIP||Bravo||4|
|Bell 206||United States||trainer||5|
- Argentine air forces in the Falklands War
- Argentine Air Force
- Argentine Naval Aviation
- Equipment of the Argentine Army
- Eloy Martín (July 2013). "El rol de la Aviación de Ejército en el desarrollo de la Aviación Civil (Período 1919-1927)". Histarmar - Historia y Arqueología Marítima (in Spanish). Fundación Histarmar. Retrieved 2016-04-03.
- "AE-710 LV-AND mbb bo105cbs C/N S-540". Helis.com. Retrieved 24 December 2014.
- Puma AE-505 shot down by SAM Sea Dart (crew Roberto Fiorito, Juan Buschiazo, Raul Dimotta) UH-1H AE-419 crash near Caleta Olivia, Santa Cruz (crew Marcos Fassio, Roberto Campos, Nestor Barros. Additional 7 infantry troops were killed in this accident)
- "Overview of U.S. Policy Toward South America and the President's Upcoming Trip to the Region". Retrieved 24 December 2014.
- John Pike. "Ejercito Argentino - Argentine Army". Retrieved 24 December 2014.
- "El Ejército espera la llegada de ayuda militar norteamericana". Retrieved 24 December 2014.
- "Negocia la Argentina comprar helicópteros militares a China". Retrieved 24 December 2014.
- mindef: AMPLIOS ANUNCIOS DE GARRE SOBRE EQUIPAMIENTO Y SERVICIOS PARA LAS FUERZAS ARMADAS
- "Photos: CASA C-212-200 Aviocar Aircraft Pictures - Airliners.net". Retrieved 24 December 2014.
- "Photos: Bell UH-1H Iroquois (205) Aircraft Pictures - Airliners.net". Retrieved 24 December 2014.
- Mauricio Chiofalo; et al. (27 April 2015). "Conmemoración del Día de Aviación de Ejército Argentino 2014" (in Spanish). Gaceta Aeronautica. Retrieved 8 May 2015.
- "World Air Forces 2017". Flightglobal Insight. 2017. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
Portions based on a translation from Spanish Wikipedia.
- Aviación de Ejército official site
- Eloy Martín (July 2013). "El rol de la Aviación de Ejército en el desarrollo de la Aviación Civil (Período 1919-1927)" [The role of Army Aviation in the development of Civil Aviation (Period 1919-1927)]. Histarmar - Historia y Arqueología Marítima (in Spanish). Fundación Histarmar. Retrieved 2016-04-03.
- "Centenario de la creación de la primera unidad aérea del Ejército Argentino". Sitio Oficial del Ejército Argentino - Centenario de la creación de la primera unidad aérea del Ejército Argentino (in Spanish). Departamento Comunicación institucional del Ejército Argentino. Retrieved 3 May 2015.
- Martin, Eloy; Rodriguez, Oscar Luis (1991). La Aviación en el Ejército Argentino. Crónica Histórica y catálogo. 1867-1991 [Aviation in the Argentine Army. Chronology and catalogue. 1867-1991] (in Spanish). Buenos Aires, Argentina: Talleres Gráficos NH Impresiones. Retrieved 10 May 2015.
- "La Administración de Parques Nacionales y el Ejército Argentino cooperan en la conservación de la selva paranaense". Sitio Oficial de la Administración de Parques Nacionales, Argentina (in Spanish). Administración de Parques Nacionales, Argentina. 10 April 2014. Retrieved 3 April 2016.
- Argentine Army Aviation official site
- Argentine Army official site
- (Spanish) Los AVRO 504 en Argentina y el método Gosport
- (Spanish) El rol de la Aviación de Ejército en el desarrollo de la aviación civil (Período 1919-1927)
- (Spanish) - Ejército, Introducción - Aeromilitaria website (2007) (accessed 2015-05-09)
- Argentina Army Aviation - Aeroflight website (2009) (accessed 2015-05-09)
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