Argentine Islands

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Argentine Islands is located in Antarctica
Argentine Islands
Argentine Islands
Location of the Argentine Islands

The Argentine Islands are a group of islands in the Wilhelm Archipelago of Antarctica, situated 5 nautical miles (9 km) southwest of Petermann Island, and 4 nautical miles (7 km) northwest of Cape Tuxen on Kiev Peninsula in Graham Land. They were discovered by the French Antarctic Expedition, 1903–05, under Jean-Baptiste Charcot, and named by him for the Argentine Republic in appreciation of that government's support of to his expedition.

History[edit]

Wordie House, photographed in 2013

The British Graham Land Expedition under John Riddoch Rymill was based in the Argentine Islands in 1935 and conducted a thorough survey of them.[1] The expedition built a hut on Winter Island, which was used as their northern base; it was left in place at the end of the expedition, but destroyed circa 1946. The following year, the British Falkland Islands Dependencies Survey established a permanent base on the same site, as "Base F" (or "Argentine Islands"); the main building from this base, Wordie House, is now a protected historic site (HSM-61). The base was moved to Galindez Island in 1954, renamed "Faraday" in 1977, and transferred to the Ukrainian Antarctic program in 1996, who continue to operate it as Vernadsky Research Base.[2]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Argentine Islands
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 7.8
(46)
8.3
(46.9)
7.8
(46)
7.2
(45)
6.1
(43)
4.4
(39.9)
3.9
(39)
7.2
(45)
5.0
(41)
5.6
(42.1)
5.0
(41)
6.1
(43)
8.3
(46.9)
Average high °C (°F) 2.2
(36)
1.7
(35.1)
1.1
(34)
−1.7
(28.9)
−5.0
(23)
−6.1
(21)
−7.2
(19)
−7.8
(18)
−6.1
(21)
−2.2
(28)
−0.6
(30.9)
1.7
(35.1)
−2.5
(27.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) 0.3
(32.5)
−0.3
(31.5)
−0.8
(30.6)
−3.6
(25.5)
−7.5
(18.5)
−9.2
(15.4)
−10.6
(12.9)
−11.7
(10.9)
−10.0
(14)
−5.6
(21.9)
−3.6
(25.5)
−0.6
(30.9)
−5.3
(22.5)
Average low °C (°F) −1.7
(28.9)
−2.2
(28)
−2.8
(27)
−5.6
(21.9)
−10.0
(14)
−12.2
(10)
−13.9
(7)
−15.6
(3.9)
−13.9
(7)
−8.9
(16)
−6.7
(19.9)
−2.8
(27)
−8.0
(17.6)
Record low °C (°F) −8.3
(17.1)
−8.9
(16)
−12.8
(9)
−16.7
(1.9)
−29.4
(−20.9)
−33.9
(−29)
−36.1
(−33)
−36.1
(−33)
−38.9
(−38)
−27.8
(−18)
−22.2
(−8)
−10.6
(12.9)
−38.9
(−38)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 22.9
(0.902)
73.7
(2.902)
50.8
(2)
71.1
(2.799)
20.3
(0.799)
33.0
(1.299)
22.9
(0.902)
27.9
(1.098)
53.3
(2.098)
25.4
(1)
10.2
(0.402)
48.3
(1.902)
460.0
(18.11)
Source: Sistema de Clasificación Bioclimática Mundial[3]


See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Argentine Islands". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2011-05-12. 
  2. ^ "Faraday station". British Antarctic Survey. Retrieved 2007-11-24. 
  3. ^ "Argentine Island" (PDF). Centro de Investigaciones Fitosociológicas. Retrieved 21 November 2016. 

Coordinates: 65°15′S 64°16′W / 65.250°S 64.267°W / -65.250; -64.267 This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Geological Survey document "Argentine Islands" (content from the Geographic Names Information System).