Argentina Marines

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Argentine Navy Infantry
Infantería de Marina de la Armada de la República Argentina
IMARA.jpg
IMARA insignia
Active1807-present
Country Argentina
Branch Argentine Navy
TypeMarines
RoleAmphibious Warfare
Size5,500
Part ofEscudo Armada Argentina (fidedigno).svgArgentine Navy
Motto(s)PATRIAE SEMPER VIGILES
(Always vigilant for the Fatherland)
MarchMarcha de la Infantería de Marina
(Marine march)
Anniversaries19 November 1879
Commanders
CurrentRear. Adm. Pedro Eugenio Galardi[1]

The Naval Infantry Command (Spanish: Comando de la Infantería de Marina, COIM), also known as the Naval Infantry of the Navy of the Argentine Republic (Spanish: Infantería de Marina de la Armada de la República Argentina, IMARA) and generally referred to in English as the Argentine marines are the amphibious warfare branch of the Argentine Navy and one of its four operational commands.

The Argentine marines trace their origins to the Spanish Naval Infantry, which took part in conflicts in South America in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Argentine marines took part in various conflicts of the nineteenth and twentieth century, notably the War of the Triple Alliance and the Falklands War. The marines (represented by the 5th Naval Infantry Battalion) are considered to have been among the best Argentine combat units present in the Falklands. The most recent war in which Argentine naval infantry took part was the Gulf War of 1990.

Today Argentine naval infantry are frequently deployed on UN peace-keeping missions.

History[edit]

The Marines trace their origins in Spanish Naval Infantry, at the time of the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata. After the Argentine War of Independence, it was under joint administration of the Argentine Army and the Argentine Navy. A 1946 law placed the marines solely under the jurisdiction of the Navy.

Battles and interventions[edit]

Under Spanish dominion
During independence
  • seizure of Martin Garcia Island in 1814.
  • Landing in Monterey, California, now part of the United States (1817–1818): 200 men commanded by Hipólito Bouchard, 130 of whom were armed with guns and 70 with lances, disembarked one league from the fort of Monterrey, in a creek hidden from the heights. The fort resisted only very weakly, and after an hour-long battle the Argentine flag was raised.
Argentine confederation
Argentine Republic
Argentine Marines AAV in the Falklands patrolling Port Stanley, 1982.

Present[edit]

IMARA routinely train in joint exercises with similar units of Brazil, Chile and the United States.[2]

Current deployments[edit]

2009: Training on USS Oak Hill

IMARA has two Infantry Companies deployed in Haiti and Cyprus under the auspices of MINUSTAH[3] and UNFICYP respectively in joint operations with the Argentine Army and Argentine Air Force. A small platoon was also deployed in Serbia/UN ProvinceKosovo (NATO KFOR mandate), attached to Argentine Engineers Company, which was in turn attached to the Italian Brigade.

Several Marine Officers and NCO's are routinely deployed as military observers for the UN.

Structure[edit]

Argentine Marines have the same rank insignia and titles as the rest of the Argentine Navy, and are trained in the same institutions for officers and NCOs. Until the 21st century the Marine Corps Basic School provided post-graduate officer and basic enlisted training.

Fleet Marine Force (FAIF)[edit]

The FMF was formerly called the Brigada de IM No. 1 ( English: 1st Marine Brigade )

Southern Marine Force (FAIA)[edit]

The SMF was formerly called the Fuerza de M No. 1. (English: 1st Marine Force)

River Operations Unit[edit]

Marine Security Forces[edit]

  • Navy General Staff Security Battalion
  • Puerto Belgrano Naval Base Security Battalion
  • 15 Security Companies at Marine and Naval Air Bases.

Equipment[edit]

Marines from Argentina line up in formation alongside U.S. Marines during the largest amphibious assault exercise in Latin America, UNITAS 45-04
LVTP7 of the Argentine Marine Infantry (IMARA), locally known as VAO (Vehiculo Anfibio a Orugas)

List of all equipment of the IMARA.

Vehicles[edit]

Name Type In service Origin Photo Note
ERC 90 Sagaie Armoured Car 15  France ERC90 IMARA 17may07.JPG
AAV-7A1 Armoured personnel carrier 11  United States 1-6 conducts ship-to-shore assault 150413-M-PJ201-028.jpg
Panhard VCR Armoured personnel carrier 24  France PanhardVCRTT.JPG
LARC-V Amphibious vehicle 13  United States LARC5 humvee IMARA 17may07.jpg
Humvee Military light utility vehicle 70  United States Hummer TOW español.JPG
Agrale Marruá Military light utility vehicle 31  Brazil Marrúa-EJE.jpg

Infantry Weapons[edit]

Name Type Calibre Origin Photo Note
Browning Hi-Power Pistol 9 mm  Belgium
 Argentina
BrowningRosarina.JPG Standard pistol.
M16 rifle Assault rifle 5,56 mm  United States M16a2-final.png Standard assault rifle.
FN FAL Assault rifle 7,62 mm  Belgium
 Argentina
FN-FAL belgian.jpeg Standard battle rifle.
FAMAS Assault rifle 5,56 mm  France FAMAS dsc06877.jpg Special Forces.
Heckler & Koch MP5 Submachine gun 9 mm  Germany MP5.jpg Special Forces.
M24 Sniper Weapon System Sniper rifle 7,62 mm  United States PEO M24 SWS-03.jpg
Barrett M95 Sniper rifle 12,7 mm  United States Barrett M95SP.jpg
M249 SAW Machine gun 5,56 mm  United States M249 Automatic Rifle.jpg
FN MAG Machine gun 7,62 mm  Belgium
 Argentina
FN MAG trípode.JPG
M2 Browning Machine gun 12,7 mm  United States M2 Browning, Musée de l'Armée.jpg
AT4 Anti-tank 84 mm  Sweden AT-4Launcher.jpeg
M203 Grenade launcher 40 mm  United States Loading M203 40 mm grenade launcher attached to an M16 rifle.jpg
Mk. 19 Grenade launcher 40 mm  United States MK19-02.jpg

Artillery and Air-defense systems[edit]

Name Type In service Origin Note
OTO Melara Mod 56 Howitzer 13  Italy
M101 Howitzer 4  United States
M114A1 Howitzer 6  United States
ECIA L65 Mortar (weapon) 50  Spain
Bofors 40 mm Autocannon 4  Sweden
RBS 70 MANPADS 6  Sweden

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]