Argentine North Eastern Railway
|Argentine North Eastern Railway|
Neilson locomotive that served on the line.
|Native name||Ferrocarril Noreste Argentino|
|Status||Defunct company; rail line active|
|Locale||Entre Ríos, Corrientes, Misiones|
|Closed||1948Government of Argentina)(acquired by the|
|Line length||1,212 km (753 mi)|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in)|
The Argentine North Eastern Railway (ANER) (in Spanish: Ferrocarril Noreste Argentino) was a British-owned railway company, founded in 1887, that operated a 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) standard gauge railway network in the provinces of Entre Ríos, Corrientes and Misiones in Argentina. When the company was nationalised in 1948 it became part of the state-owned General Urquiza Railway.
The company was founded in 1887 to take over and complete two lines from Monte Caseros in Corrientes Province. The first was to go to Corrientes (371 km), the provincial capital, and the second to Posadas (442 km), the capital of Misiones Province.
Construction of the line to Corrientes, completed as far as Curuzú Cuatiá in 1890, was extended to Mercedes in 1898 and finally reached Corrientes later in the same year. The Posadas line reached Paso de los Libres in 1894 and was extended to Santo Tomé in 1901. Once the section from Santo Tomé to Posadas was opened some years later in 1911 an international rail connection with Paraguay was established.
Two years later a branch line from San Diego to the port of Goya on the River Paraná was completed and in 1915 the line from Concordia was extended south to the river port of Concepción del Uruguay. Later that same year the ANER established a joint administration with the neighboring British-owned Entre Ríos Railway.
By the time then President of Argentina Juan Perón nationalised the complete Argentine railway network in 1948 the ANER was operating a 1,212 km network which became part of the state-owned General Urquiza Railway.
- British Railways in Argentina 1857-1914: A Case Study of Foreign Investment by Colin M. Lewis - Athlone Press (for the Institute of Latin American Studies, University of London), 1983
- British Railways in Argentina 1860-1948 by H.R. Stones - P.E. Waters & Associates, Bromley, Kent, England, 1993
- British-Owned Railways in Argentina – Their Effect on Economic Nationalism, 1854-1948 by Winthrop R. Wright (Latin American Monograph No. 34, Institute of Latin American Studies), Univ. of Texas Press, London, 1974