Argentine football league system
The Argentine football league system include tournaments organised by the Argentine Football Association. Clubs affiliated to the body compete in the tournaments, which are split into categories or divisions.
Rules establish a system of promotion and relegation, a process where teams are transferred between two divisions based on their performance for the completed season. The best-ranked team or teams in the lower division are promoted to the higher division for the next season, and the worst-ranked team or teams in the higher division are relegated to the lower division for the next season.
Tournaments organised by the Association and its predecessors have been held since 1893 (the year when the current AFA was established). Nevertheless, the first championship was organised by the Argentine Association Football League (the first organised body in the country) in 1891. Although the AAFL was dissolved that same year, AFA has recognised that championship as the first Primera División competition, adding it to its continuity.
Only clubs directly affiliated to AFA had taken part in tournaments organised by the body, until the creation of Primera B Nacional in 1986 when teams from regional leagues added to the competition.
The following chart details all league competitions organised by the Argentine Association (National cups are not included):
|Argentine football league system historical table (1891–present)|
|Division||Level 1||Level 2||Level 3||Level 4||Level 5||Level 6|
|Primera B Metropolitana [note 1]||1899-1910
|Primera B Nacional||1986–present|
|Primera C Metropolitana||1900–1910
|Primera D Metropolitana||1950–1985||1986–present|
|Torneo del Interior||1986–1995|
|Torneo Argentino A||1995–2014|
|Torneo Federal A||2014–present|
|Torneo Argentino B||1995–2014|
|Torneo Federal B||2014–2017|
|Torneo Argentino C||2005–2014|
|Torneo Federal C||2015–2018|
|Torneo Regional Federal Amateur [note 2]||2018–present|
Current league system (2019–20)
Below the second division championship (Primera B Nacional) tournaments leagues are split between two groups, the first of them include the promotion/relegation system for clubs directly affiliated to the Association playing in Primera B Metropolitana, Primera C Metropolitana and Primera D Metropolitana. Those are usually called "zona metropolitana" (metropolitan zone) due to those tournaments have been historically played by teams from the city of Buenos Aires and Greater Buenos Aires, plus the addition of some clubs from Rosario, Santa Fe, La Plata and other cities of Buenos Aires Province.
The second group is formed clubs not directly affiliated to AFA that play in regional leagues, under the supervision of "Consejo Federal de Fútbol", dependent on the AFA. Competitions reserved for those clubs are Torneo Federal A and Torneo Regional Federal.
|Argentine football league system (2019–20)|
|1||Primera División (24 teams) |
|2||Primera B Nacional (32 teams)|
|3||Primera B Metropolitana (18 teams)||Torneo Federal A (30 teams) |
|4||Primera C Metropolitana (19 teams) ||Torneo Regional Federal Amateur (241 teams) |
|5||Primera D Metropolitana (14 teams) [note 3]||Regional Leagues [note 4]|
- Established under the name "Segunda División", it was renamed "Primera División B" since the 1949 edition. In 1986, with the restructuring of the entire league system, the division changed to "Primera B Metropolitana", also becoming the 3rd. level.
- The competition is a merger of Federal B and C tournaments.
- Due to there are no lower divisions, teams finishing in the last positions of each season, are disaffiliated for one season, being banned from any competition organised by AFA.
- Teams relegated from Torneo Regional Federal, return to the competition in their respectives regional leagues.
- Asociación del Fútbol Argentino – Reglamento General, Certámenes Oficiales (arts. 98-100). Retrieved 2016-01-20
- Historia de fútbol de AFA: orígenes 1891/1899, by Carlos Yametti – Edición del Autor (2011) – ISBN 978-987-05-9773-5
- Historia del Fútbol Amateur en la Argentina, by Jorge Iwanczuk – Autores Editores (1992) – ISBN 9504343848
- Campeones de Primera División on AFA website
- Se aprobó el nuevo formato de la temporada 2019/20 del fútbol argentino: Superliga de 23 fechas y una Copa diferente on Infobae, 10 Apr 2019
- Reglamento del Federal A on Ascenso del Interior site
- Boletín n° 5587, 18 Jan 2019 on AFA website
- Reglamento Torneo Regional Federal 2019 on AFA website