Argentine general election, 2015

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Argentine presidential election, 2015
Argentina
2011 ←
25 October 2015 (First round)
22 November 2015 (Run-off)
→ 2019

Turnout 81.23% (First Round)
80.93% (Runoff)
  Mauricio Macri (cropped).jpg Daniel Scioli June 2015.jpg
Nominee Mauricio Macri Daniel Scioli
Party Republican Proposal Justicialist Party
Alliance Cambiemos Front for Victory
Home state City of Buenos Aires Buenos Aires Province
Running mate Gabriela Michetti Carlos Zannini
States carried 8 + CABA 15
Popular vote 12,997,938 12,317,329
Percentage 51.34% 48.66%

Mapa de las elecciones generales argentinas 2015.png Mapa de las elecciones generales argentinas 2015 segunda vuelta.png

First round (left) and second round (right) results by province.

President before election

Cristina Fernández de Kirchner
FPV-PJ

Elected President

Mauricio Macri
Republican Proposal-Cambiemos

Coat of arms of Argentina.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Argentina
Foreign relations

General elections were held in Argentina on 25 October 2015 to elect the President and National Congress, and followed primary elections which were held on 9 August 2015. A second round of voting between the two leading candidates took place on 22 November, after surprisingly close results forced a runoff.[1] On the first runoff voting ever held for an Argentine Presidential Election, opposition leader and Buenos Aires Mayor Mauricio Macri narrowly defeated FPV candidate and Buenos Aires Province Governor Daniel Scioli.[2]

Background[edit]

President Cristina Fernández de Kirchner was re-elected in 2011. As the Constitution of Argentina does not allow more than two consecutive terms, several politicians from the Front for Victory (FPV) speculated about a constitutional amendment to allow unlimited re-elections.[3] This idea[4] was heavily resisted by the opposition parties, and the FPV could not reach the required two-thirds majority in Congress. The mid-term elections in 2013 ended the FPV's hope for a constitutional amendment after they failed to win the necessary supermajority.[5]

Electoral system[edit]

The election of the president was carried out using the ballotage system, a modified version of the two-round system in which a candidate would win if they received 45% of the vote, or if they received 40% of the vote and were 10 percentage points ahead of the second-place candidate.[6] Voting is compulsory for citizens between 18 and 70 years old.[7] Suffrage was also extended to 16- and 17-year-olds, though without compulsory voting.[8]

There are a total of 257 seats of the Chamber of Deputies. There are a total of 23 provinces, but 24 electoral districts; the federal district of Buenos Aires elects its own executive and legislature and is represented in the national Congress like all other provinces.[9] The amount of seats are distributed in relation to the population of the province. In order to be in concordance with the "one-third female" law enforces that one-third of the overall seats in the Chamber of Deputies are female. The 130 seats of the Chamber of Deputies up for election were elected from 24 multi-member constituencies based on the 23 provinces and Buenos Aires. Seats were allocated using the D'Hondt method of proportional representation, with an electoral threshold of 3%.[7]

The 24 seats in the Senate up for election were elected in three-seat constituencies using the closed list system. Each district is represented by three senatorial seats. Each party is allowed to register up to two candidates; one of those registered must be female. The party receiving the most votes wins two seats, and the second-placed party won one.[10] The third senatorial seat was recently established in order to better represent the largest minority in each district.

Parties and coalitions provided their own ballot papers, which voters placed in sealed envelopes. However, voters were able to cut ballot papers up and place different sections from different parties inside the envelope if they wanted to vote for different candidates or lists for different posts. Being under a Federal system, it is possible for different provinces to use different systems. In Buenos Aires and Salta electronic voting machines were used to print out a single unified ballot, with voters able to select different candidates and parties on a touch screen. Other municipalities such as Bariloche opted for a non-electronic single unified ballot.[11] Opposition candidates, including Sergio Massa, Mauricio Macri and Margarita Stolbizer called for the nationwide implementation of a unified ballot and/or electronic voting, though Massa in particular was more cautious, saying it was more realistic for such a system to be implemented by 2017.[12] The authority in charge of regulating elections rejected changing the system within 2015 since they claimed it would be too short term to implement the changes and explain to the public how the new system works.[13]

Let's Change Coalition[edit]

Mauricio Macri, from the Republican Proposal, was the mayor of Buenos Aires city. Many smaller parties had created a coalition the previous year, the Broad Front UNEN. Elisa Carrió of the Civic Coalition left it to join Macri.[14] An internal congress of the Radical Civic Union decided to do so as well, and proposing Ernesto Sanz as their precandidate.[15] UNEN was thus disbanded, and the three candidates ran for the coalition Cambiemos. Margarita Stolbizer refused to join the coalition with Macri, and ran in a separate party instead.[16]

Cambiemos logo.png
Let's Change
Mauricio Macri Gabriela Michetti
for President for Vice President
Mauricio Macri (cropped).jpg
Gabriela Michetti.jpg
Chief of Government of Buenos Aires
(2007–2015)
National Senator from Buenos Aires
(2013–2016)

Front for Victory[edit]

Initially, the FPV had several pre-candidates to the presidency, but only Daniel Scioli and Florencio Randazzo had a good reception in the opinion polls. Scioli was resisted by factions of the party that did not consider him truly loyal to Kirchner. All the minor candidates resigned when Kirchner asked them to do so.[17] Randazzo resigned as well some weeks before the primary elections, leaving Scioli as the sole precandidate of the FPV.[18] Randazzo did not accept to run for governor of the Buenos Aires province, which had primary elections between minister Aníbal Fernández and Julián Domínguez.[19] Fernández won the local primary elections.

Logo Frente para la Victoria.svg
Front for Victory
Daniel Scioli Carlos Zannini
for President for Vice President
Daniel Scioli June 2015.jpg
Carlos Zannini (cropped).jpg
Governor of Buenos Aires
(2007–2015)
Secretary for President of Argentina
(2003–2015)

Other presidential candidates[edit]

in alphabetical order

Candidates included in this section have received more than 5% in approval ratings in recent national polls.
Nicolás del Caño Sergio Massa Adolfo Rodríguez Saá Margarita Stolbizer
Nicolás Del Caño (cropped).jpg
Sergio Massa (cropped).jpg
Adolfo Rodriguez Saá (cropped).JPG
Mstolbizer.jpg
Member of Congress
(2013–2015)
Member of Congress
(2013–present)
Member of Congress
(2005–present)
Member of Congress
(2009–present)
Workers' Left Front United for a New Alternative Federal Commitment Progressives

Campaign and controversies[edit]

Opinion polls during the first round had underestimated the number of voters intending to vote for Macri, while later polls underestimated Scioli.

With Kirchner unable to run, three candidates led the opinion polls; Daniel Scioli, Sergio Massa and Mauricio Macri.[20] Several controversies took place during the time of the elections, or related to the elections themselves.

The primary elections and some local elections had scandals of Electoral fraud. There was a frequent theft of ballot papers from the polling places. State-owned Correo Argentino collects the results of each school and sends them to a centralized location for their global count; there have been reports of inconsistencies between the results signed in the schools and those informed by Correo Argentino. Tucumán even had a case of people burning ballot boxes, which led to several demonstrations at Plaza Independencia. There was policial repression on those demonstrations, leading to further scandals.

Journalist Jorge Lanata aired an interview with a prisoner sentenced for the 2008 Triple crime, who claimed that Aníbal Fernández was the mastermind of that crime. This increased the tensions between Fernández and Domínguez, as Fernández considered that Domínguez helped Lanata somehow. Scioli stayed away from both precandidates to governor in the last week before the primary elections, which were won by Fernández.[21]

Ariel Velázquez, a sympathizer of the Radical Civic Union, was shot in his house in Jujuy, after taking part in the political campaign. He died two weeks later, and the Tupac Amaru organization (led by Kirchnerite Milagro Sala) was blamed for it. President Cristina Kirchner claimed that he was not a Radical, which was refuted by his family.[21]

Several cities in the Buenos Aires Province suffered big floods during the primary elections, and the following week. The flood affected 10,000 people. Daniel Scioli had left to Italy at that moment, and made a rushed return. Mauricio Macri considered it a result of poor urban planning under Scioli's provincial government, and compared it with the lack of flooding in Buenos Aires during the same storm, which had undergone flood prevention works under his leadership. Scioli accused users of social networks to plot to damage his public image, and claimed that he has all of them identified.[21]

Vote buying is also a common tool utilized in Argentine elections. As for this election, the director for the Center for Research and Social Action, Rodrigo Zarazaga stated, “Vote buying strategies will probably sway 5 to 12 percent of Argentine voters on Sunday.” An example of vote buying during this election took place in Buenos Aires. Voters in this area were given the option to vote for particular candidates during the municipal elections in Tucumán. The Argentine citizens that actually promised had received “sacks stuffed with bottles of cooking oil, pasta and flour.”[22]

Results[edit]

Primary elections[edit]

Primary elections were held on 9 August 2015; any party receiving less than 1.5% of the vote would not be allowed to contest the full elections. Scioli got the 38.41% of the vote, and nearly 8 percentage points of advantage over Macri; both figures would have placed him near to avoid ballotage in the main elections, but not enough. Sergio Massa stayed in the third place and kept an important number of votes. Both Macri and Massa defeated with ease their rivals in the primary elections; Scioli, Stolbizer and Rodríguez Saá were the single candidates of their respective parties. Nicolás del Caño defeated Altamira, and became the unexpected candidate for the Worker's Left Front.

Party Presidential candidate Running mate Candidate votes Overall votes
Votes % Votes %
Front for Victory Daniel Scioli Carlos Zannini 8,720,573 100 8,720,573 38.67
Cambiemos Mauricio Macri Gabriela Michetti 5,523,413 81.33 6,791,278 30.12
Ernesto Sanz Lucas Llach 753,825 11.10
Elisa Carrió Hector Flores 514,040 7.57
United for a New Alternative Sergio Massa Gustavo Sáenz 3,230,887 69.64 4,639,405 20.57
José Manuel de la Sota Claudia Rucci 1,408,518 30.36
Progresistas Margarita Stolbizer Miguel Ángel Olaviaga 769,316 100 781,472 3.47
Workers' Left Front Nicolás del Caño Myriam Bregman 375,874 51.29 732,851 3.25
Jorge Altamira Juan Carlos Giordano 356,977 48.71
Federal Commitment Adolfo Rodríguez Saá Liliana Negre de Alonso 472,341 100 472,341 2.09
People's Front Victor De Gennaro Evangelina Codoni 106,324 100 106,324 0.47
Movement for Socialism Manuela Castañeira Jorge Ayala 103,742 100 103,742 0.46
Workers' Socialist Movement Alejandro Bodart Vilma Ripoll 95,780 100 95,780 0.42
Popular Party Mauricio Yattah Maria Moretta 67,798 100 67,798 0.30
Neighborhood Action Movement Raúl Albarracín Gaston Dib 39,512 100 39,512 0.18
Invalid/blank votes 1,267,552
Total 24,021,816 100
Registered voters/turnout 74.91
Source: Elecciones Argentinas

President[edit]

Then-president Cristina Fernández de Kirchner casting her vote.

Opinion polls previous to the result suggested that Scioli would win by a wide margin, and might even be able to avoid a ballotage. However, the final results showed only a narrow lead for Scioli, with his 37.08% just ahead of Macri's 34.15%, leading to new elections on 22 November. Massa got the third place, with 21% of the vote, and both candidates sought to secure the voters that had voted for him. Both candidates were polarized on the opinion about the presidency of Cristina Kirchner: Scioli proposes to keep most of the Kirchnerite policies, and Macri to change them. In the legislative elections, the FPV lost the majority of the chamber of deputies, but keeps the majority of the senate.[23]

Scioli declined to attend the first leaders' debate previous to the elections, which was held between the other five candidates instead. When the ballotage was confirmed, he asked Macri for a presidential debate between both candidates, which was accepted.[24] Two debates were being organized: one by the NGO "Argentina debate", and another one by the TV news channel Todo Noticias. Macri preferred to take part in a single debate with Scioli, and opted for the one organized by Argentina Debate.[25]

Macri criticized Scioli for a negative campaigning launched by the Front for Victory.[26] Several politicians and state institutions run by the FPV released messages warning about terrible things that may happen if Macri was elected president.[27] Scioli claims that it was a campaign to encourage public awareness.[28] It is rumored that the campaign may been suggested by the Brazilian João Santana, who organized a similar one in Brazil during the ballotage of Dilma Rousseff and Aécio Neves.[29]

The ballotage was held on November 22. Daniel Scioli accepted his defeat when 70% of the votes were counted; the provisional results were 53% and 47% at that moment.[30] The distance between both candidates slowly reduced in the following hours, leading to a victory of a smaller margin for Macri than most exit polls suggested.[31] Nevertheless, his victory has ended the 12-year rule of Kirchnerism in the country.[32]

Party Presidential candidate Running mate First round Second round
Votes % Votes %
Cambiemos Mauricio Macri Gabriela Michetti 8,601,131 34.15 12,997,938 51.34
Front for Victory Daniel Scioli Carlos Zannini 9,338,490 37.08 12,317,329 48.66
United for a New Alternative Sergio Massa Gustavo Sáenz 5,386,977 21.39
Workers' Left Front Nicolás del Caño Myriam Bregman 812,530 3.23
Progresistas Margarita Stolbizer Miguel Ángel Olaviaga 632,551 2.51
Federal Commitment Adolfo Rodríguez Saá Liliana Negre de Alonso 412,578 1.64
Invalid/blank votes 864,189 637,639
Total votes 26,048,320 100 25,952,906 100
Registered voters/turnout 32,067,641 81.23 32,064,684 80.93
Source: Cámara Nacional Electoral

Results by state first round[edit]

States/districts won by Daniel Scioli
States/districts won by Mauricio Macri
States/districts won by Sergio Massa
States/districts won by Adolfo Rodriguez Saa
Daniel Scioli
FPV
Mauricio Macri
PRO
Sergio Massa
FR
Nicolas Del Caño
FIT
Margarita Stolbizer
Progresistas
Adolfo Rodriguez Saa
CF
Margin State total
State #  % #  % #  % #  % #  % #  % #  % #
Buenos Aires 3,563,089 37.28 3,134,779 32.80 2,143,827 22.43 351,786 3.68 272,801 2.85 90,448 0.95 428,310 4.48 9,556,730
Capital Federal 476,632 24.09 1,001,379 50.61 302,065 15.27 84,238 4.26 100,462 5.08 13,856 0.70 -524,747 -26.52 1,978,632
Catamarca 98,831 44.84 78,958 35.82 35,046 15.90 3,447 1.56 2,419 1.10 1,718 0.78 19,873 9.02 220,419
Chaco 352,304 53.69 185,563 28.28 97,469 14.85 9,315 1.42 6,990 1.07 4,509 0.69 166,741 25.41 656,150
Chubut 121,314 41.67 62,142 21.34 86,026 29.55 10,439 3.59 8,466 2.91 2,749 0.94 35,288 12.12 291,136
Cordoba 418,221 19.26 1,155,333 53.22 443,204 20.41 69,051 3.18 38,998 1.80 46,235 2.13 -712,129 -32.81 2,171,042
Corrientes 313,292 50.26 198,241 31.81 95,106 15.26 6,824 1.09 6,487 1.04 3,342 0.54 115,051 18.45 623,292
Entre Rios 313,022 37.64 314,057 37.76 164,799 19.81 14,420 1.73 17,501 2.10 7,925 0.95 -1,035 -0.12 831,724
Formosa 217,026 66.98 48,742 15.04 53,817 16.61 2,615 0.81 1,116 0.34 696 0.21 163,209 50.94 324,012
Jujuy 152,345 37.58 69,882 17.24 168,571 41.59 9,564 2.36 3,144 0.78 1,846 0.46 -16,226 -4.01 405,352
La Pampa 79,963 37.94 70,783 33.59 45,465 21.57 5,332 2.53 5,509 2.61 3,704 1.76 9,180 4.35 210,756
La Rioja 73,527 36.32 64,106 31.67 52,492 25.93 3,403 1.68 2,199 1.09 6,706 3.31 9,421 4.65 202,433
Mendoza 341,163 31.36 443,913 40.81 156,503 14.39 82,734 7.61 15,698 1.44 47,874 4.40 -102,750 -9.45 1,087,885
Misiones 403,671 61.11 149,940 22.70 90,464 13.70 5,809 0.88 8,244 1.25 2,392 0.36 253,731 48.41 660,520
Neuquen 132,691 35.74 103,860 27.97 98,061 26.41 20,055 5.40 9,883 2.66 6,745 1.82 28,831 7.77 371,295
Rio Negro 179,872 45.20 89,103 22.39 96,769 24.32 15,506 3.90 11,119 2.79 5,604 1.41 83,103 20.88 397,973
Salta 292,699 40.98 146,875 20.56 242,704 33.98 19,036 2.66 7,506 1.05 5,498 0.77 49,995 7.00 714,318
San Juan 192,377 45.96 86,920 20.76 111,444 26.62 6,127 1.46 7,264 1.74 14,470 3.46 80,933 19.34 418,602
San Luis 43,442 15.58 86,225 30.93 37,810 13.56 4,947 1.77 3,702 1.33 102,684 36.83 -16,459 -5.90 278,810
Santa Cruz 82,595 47.06 44,880 25.57 39,626 22.58 5,533 3.15 2,064 1.18 794 0.45 37,715 21.49 175,492
Santa Fe 640,924 31.77 712,100 35.29 500,897 24.83 53,801 2.67 79,721 3.95 30,168 1.50 71,176 -3.52 2,017,611
Santiago del Estero 351,388 63.13 81,825 14.70 107,427 19.30 8,099 1.46 5,268 0.95 2,595 0.47 243,961 43.83 556,602
Tierra Del Fuego 42,049 45.52 20,226 21.90 21,601 23.39 4,055 4.39 2,978 3.22 1,458 1.58 20,448 22.13 92,367
Tucuman 456,053 48.46 251,299 26.70 195,784 20.80 16,394 1.74 13,012 1.38 8,562 0.91 204,754 21.76 941,104
Totals: 9,338,490 37.08 8,601,131 34.15 5,386,977 21.39 812,530 3.23 632.551 2.51 412,578 1.64 737,359 2.93 25,184,257

Source: [1]

Results by state second round[edit]

States/districts won by Mauricio Macri
States/districts won by Daniel Scioli
Mauricio Macri
PRO
Daniel Scioli
FPV
Margin State total
State #  % #  % #  % #
Buenos Aires 4,662,935 48.85 4,882,082 51.15 -219,147 -2.30 9,545,017
Capital Federal 1,258,151 64.80 683,545 35.20 574,606 29.60 1,941,696
Catamarca 102,440 46.86 116,158 53.14 -13,718 -6.28 218,598
Chaco 278,001 40.81 403,280 59.19 -125,279 -18.38 681,281
Chubut 130,163 41.15 186,155 58.85 -55,992 -17.70 316,318
Cordoba 1,546,831 71.52 616,002 28.48 930,829 43.04 2,162,833
Corrientes 286,345 44.64 355,119 55.36 -68,774 -10.72 641,464
Entre Rios 453,149 53.86 388,219 46.14 64,930 7.72 841,368
Formosa 116,725 36.08 206,762 63.92 -90,037 -27.84 323,487
Jujuy 214,429 52.89 190,959 47.11 23,470 5.78 405,388
La Pampa 108,543 51.03 104,169 48.97 4,374 2.06 212,712
La Rioja 114,963 56.50 88,502 43.50 16,461 13.00 203,465
Mendoza 625,983 57.53 462,186 42.47 163,797 15.06 1,088,169
Misiones 280,762 41.93 388,910 58.07 -108,148 -16.14 669,672
Neuquen 177,935 47.15 199,425 52.85 -21,490 -5.70 377,360
Rio Negro 148,087 37.14 250,621 62.86 -102,534 -25.72 398,708
Salta 323,818 44.77 399,518 55.23 -75,700 -10.46 723,336
San Juan 175,377 40.20 260,937 59.80 -85,560 -19.60 463,314
San Luis 178,156 64.13 99,667 35.87 78,489 28.26 277,823
Santa Cruz 72,876 41.67 102,003 58.33 -29,127 -16.66 174,879
Santa Fe 1,141,121 55.72 906,826 44.28 234,295 11.44 2,047,947
Santiago del Estero 154,955 27.91 400,331 72.09 -245,376 -44.18 555,286
Tierra Del Fuego 38,407 41.34 54,503 58.66 -16,096 -17.32 92,910
Tucuman 398,197 41.40 563,696 58.60 -165,499 -17.20 961,893
Totals: 12,988,349 51.34 12,309,575 48.66 678,774 2.68 25,297,924

Source: [2]

Congress[edit]

Senate[edit]

Argentine Senate election, 2015
Argentina
2013 ←
25 October 2015 → 2017

  Majority party Minority party
  M. Pichetto.jpg No image.png
Leader Miguel Ángel Pichetto Luis Petcoff Naidenoff
Party FPV-PJ Cambiemos
Leader since 2001 2011
Leader's seat Río Negro Formosa
Seats before 39
at stake: 8
20
at stake: 12

  Third party Fourth party
  Adolfo Rodríguez Saá con banda presidencial.jpg Pino Solanas (Guadalajara Film Festival).jpg
Leader Adolfo Rodríguez Saá Fernando Solanas
Party FP-PJ Progresistas
Leader since 2005 2013
Leader's seat San Luis City of Buenos Aires
Seats before 5
at stake: 2
4
at stake: 2

Senate Majority Leader before election

Miguel Ángel Pichetto
FPV-PJ

Elected Senate Majority Leader

Miguel Ángel Pichetto
FPV-PJ

Party/Affiliation Total seats Seats not up Seats up
Front for Victory & Allies 39 31 8
Justicialist PartyFront for Victory 32 28 4
Civic Front for Santiago 2 2 0
Justicialist Party—La Pampa 2 0 2
Front for Integration 2 0 2
Popular Front 1 1 0
Cambiemos 20 8 12
Radical Civic Union 10 3 7
Union PRO 2 2 0
Civic and Social Front of Catamarca 2 0 2
Córdoba Civic Front 2 0 2
Civic Coalition ARI 1 1 0
Unión por Chaco 1 1 0
Union For Entre Ríos 1 1 0
Liberal Party of Corrientes 1 0 1
Federal Peronism & Allies 5 3 2
Justicialist PartyFederal Commitment 2 2 0
Justicialist October 8 1 1 0
Santa Fe Federal 1 0 1
Federalismo Santafesino 1 0 1
Progresistas 4 2 2
Proyecto Sur 1 1 0
Generation for a National Encounter 1 1 0
Socialist Party 1 0 1
Frente de Todos 1 0 1
United for a New Alternative 1 1 0
Producción y Trabajo 1 1 0
Others 3 3 0
Neuquén People's Movement 2 2 0
Fueguino People's Movement 1 1 0
Total 72 48 24
Catamarca[33]
Parties Votes % Seats
Front for Victory 83,387 50.76 2
Progressive, Civic and Social Front 65,028 39.58 1
Third Position Front 15,878 9.66 -
Against all 23,515 12.44
Total valid votes 100.00 3
Invalid votes 991 0.52
Córdoba[34]
Parties Votes % Seats
Cambiemos 1,056,107 50.25 2
Union for Córdoba 443,311 21.09 1
Front for Victory 383,185 18.23 -
Workers' Left Front 109,519 5.21 -
Progresistas 62,214 2.96 -
Es posible 47,530 2.26 -
Against all 66,510 3.04
Total valid votes 100.00 3
Invalid votes 16.963 0.78
Corrientes[35]
Parties Votes % Seats
Front for Victory 298,846 53.04 2
Meeting for Corrientes 183,712 32.61 1
United for a New Alternative 80,858 14.35 -
Against all 31,198 3.22
Total valid votes 100.00 3
Invalid votes 3,036 0.51
Chubut[36]
Parties Votes % Seats
Front for Victory 98,598 42.81 2
We are all Chubut 79,329 34.45 1
Cambiemos 44.321 19.25 -
Against all 66,726 22.03
Total valid votes 100.00 3
Invalid votes 5,284 1.74
La Pampa[37]
Parties Votes % Seats
Front for Victory 79,505 45.89 2
Frepam 68,646 39.72 1
Pueblo Nuevo 20,996 12.12 -
Against all 43,874 20.03
Total valid votes 100.00 3
Invalid votes 1,655 0.76
Mendoza[38]
Parties Votes % Seats
Cambiemos 450.595 42,89 2
Front for Victory 320,484 30.51 1
Renewal federal front of hope 133,396 12.70 -
Workers' Left Front 102,167 9.72 -
Es posible 43,946 4.18 -
Against all 42,845 3.87
Total valid votes 100.00 3
Invalid votes 12,794 1.16
Santa Fe[39]
Parties Votes % Seats
Cambiemos 704,358 35.30 2
Front for Victory 633,968 31.77 1
United for a New Alternative 495,005 24.81 -
Progresistas 78,879 3.95 -
Workers' Left Front 53,451 2.68 -
Federal Commitment 29,924 1.50 -
Against all 52,318 2.52
Total valid votes 100.00 3
Invalid votes 22,878 1.10
Tucumán[40]
Parties Votes % Seats
Front for Victory 414,977 50.34 2
Cambiemos 293,822 35.64 1
Participación ciudadana 93,378 11.33 -
Workers' Left Front 22,251 2,70 -
Against all 104,543 11.17
Total valid votes 100.00 3
Invalid votes 5,999 0.64

Chamber of Deputies[edit]

Argentine Deputies election, 2015
Argentina
2013 ←
25 October 2015 → 2017

  Majority party Minority party Third party
  Jdominguez.jpg No image.png Mario das neves.jpg
Leader Julián Domínguez Mario Negri Mario Das Neves
Party FPV-PJ Cambiemos UNA-PJ
Leader since 2011 2013 2013
Leader's seat Buenos Aires Province Cordoba Chubut
Seats before 132
at stake: 84
68
at stake: 21
28
at stake: 8

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  No image.png No image.png Nicolás Del Caño.jpg
Leader Juan Zabalza Lino Aguilar Nicolás del Caño
Party Progresistas FP-PJ WLF
Leader since 2011 2013 2015
Leader's seat Santa Fe San Luis Mendoza
Seats before 14
at stake: 9
5
at stake: 3
3
at stake: 0

Chamber of Deputies
Majority Leader before election

Julián Domínguez
FPV-PJ

Elected Chamber of Deputies
Majority Leader

Julián Domínguez
FPV-PJ

Party/Affiliation Total seats Seats not up Seats up
Front for Victory & Allies 132 48 84
Justicialist PartyFront for Victory 119 42 77
Civic Front for Santiago 7 3 4
New Encounter Front 3 1 2
Justicialist Party—La Pampa 1 1 0
Popular Solidarity Movement 1 1 0
Front for Social Inclusion 1 0 1
Cambiemos 68 47 21
Radical Civic Union 36 23 13
Union PRO 18 14 4
Civic Coalition ARI 3 3 0
Civic and Social Front of Catamarca 2 2 0
Sum + 2 2 0
Cordoba Civic Front 2 0 2
Popular Conservative Party 1 1 0
Liberal Party of Corrientes 1 1 0
Union For Entre Ríos 1 1 0
Democratic Party (Mendoza) 1 0 1
UDESO Salta 1 0 1
United for a New Alternative 28 20 8
Justicialist PartyRenewal Front 17 13 4
Alliance Union of Cordoba 3 3 0
Work and Dignity 2 2 0
Culture, Education and Work 2 1 1
Unión Celeste y Blanco 1 1 0
Peronismo Más Al Sur 1 0 1
Unir 1 0 1
Bloque Fe 1 0 1
Progresistas 14 5 9
Socialist Party 8 3 5
Generation for a National Encounter 4 1 3
Proyecto Sur 1 1 0
Freemen of the South Movement 1 0 1
Federal Peronism & Allies 5 2 3
Justicialist PartyFederal Commitment 5 2 3
Workers' Left Front 3 3 0
Workers' PartyWorkers' Left Front 2 2 0
Socialist Workers' PartyWorkers' Left Front 1 1 0
Popular Path 3 0 3
Popular Path 3 0 3
Others 4 2 2
Neuquén People's Movement 3 2 1
Fueguino People's Movement 1 0 1
Total 257 127 130
City of Buenos Aires[41]
Parties Votes % Seats
Cambiemos 895,391 45.80 6
Front for Victory 437,380 22.37 3
United for a New Alternative 280,213 14.33 2
Progresistas 166,726 8.53 1
Workers' Left Front 107,038 5.48 -
Against all 44,988 2.24
Total valid votes 100.00 12
Invalid votes 11,884 0.59
Buenos Aires province[42]
Parties Votes % Seats
Front for Victory 3,354,619 37.28 14
Cambiemos 3,037,552 33.75 12
United for a New Alternative 1,888,415 20.98 8
Workers' Left Front 401,536 4.46 1
Progresistas 317,448 3.53 -
Against all 800,389 8.12
Total valid votes 100.00 35
Invalid votes 52,830 0.54
Catamarca[43]
Parties Votes % Seats
Front for Victory 97,349 50.49 1
Social and civic front 77,507 40.20 1
Third position aliance 17,949 9.31 -
Against all 44,167 18,59
Total valid votes 100.00 2
Invalid votes 612 0.26
Córdoba[44]
Parties Votes % Seats
Cambiemos 1,048,332 49.86 5
Union for Córdoba 443,545 21.09 2
Front for Victory 379,752 18.06 2
Workers' Left Front 119,243 5.67 -
Progresistas 64,082 3.05 -
Es posible 47,671 2.27 -
Against all 65,460 2.99
Total valid votes 100.00 3
Invalid votes 17,012 0.78
Corrientes[45]
Parties Votes % Seats
Front for Victory 292,296 51,97 3
Meeting for Corrientes 183,856 32.69 1
United for a New Alternative 86,282 15.34 -
Against all 75,930 11.84
Total valid votes 100.00 4
Invalid votes 2,709 0.42
Chaco[46]
Parties Votes % Seats
Front for Victory 343,023 53.75 2
Cambiemos 179,386 28.11 1
United for a New Alternative 92,247 14.46 -
Del obrero 12,778 2.00 -
Progresistas 7,845 1.23 -
Against all 27,398 4.10
Total valid votes 100.00 3
Invalid votes 2,807 0.42
Chubut[47]
Parties Votes % Seats
Front for Victory 103,460 42.44 2
Chubut somos todos 85,730 35.17 1
Cambiemos 46,281 18.99 -
Against all 83,734 25.19
Total valid votes 100.00 3
Invalid votes 4,952 1.49
Entre Ríos[48]
Parties Votes % Seats
Front for Victory 281,808 42.29 2
Cambiemos 273,885 41.10 2
United for a New Alternative 110,641 16.60 -
Against all 115,153 14.64
Total valid votes 100.00 3
Invalid votes 4,676 0.59
Formosa[49]
Parties Votes % Seats
Front for Victory 164,493 70.61 2
Formoseño Broad Front 68,465 29.39 1
Against all 24,277 9.36
Total valid votes 100.00 3
Invalid votes 1,847 0.71
Jujuy[50]
Parties Votes % Seats
Cambia Jujuy 179,457 57.10 2
Front for Victory 117,650 37.43 1
Workers' Left Front 17,174 5.46 -
Against all 67,410 17.5
Total valid votes 100.00 3
Invalid votes 2,940 0.76
La Pampa[51]
Parties Votes % Seats
Front for Victory 79,508 46.15 1
Frepam proposal 68,468 39.74 1
New people 20,444 11.87 -
Against all 45,000 20.53
Total valid votes 100.00 3
Invalid votes 1,598 0.73
La Rioja[52]
Parties Votes % Seats
Cambiemos 88,911 51.31 2
Front for Victory 71,812 41.44 1
Es posible 8,008 4.62 -
Against all 24,531 12.30
Total valid votes 100.00 3
Invalid votes 1,543 0.77
Mendoza[53]
Parties Votes % Seats
Cambiemos 431,793 41.24 3
Front for Victory 313,442 29.93 2
United for a New Alternative 134,684 12.86 -
Workers' Left Front 389,846 4.51 1
Progresistas 123,225 11.77 -
Against all 45,515 4.11
Total valid votes 100.00 3
Invalid votes 13,022 1.18
Misiones[54]
Parties Votes % Seats
Front for Victory 374,782 66.02 4
Cambiemos 70,107 12.35 -
Against all 97,941 14.62
Total valid votes 100.00 3
Invalid votes 4,190 0.63
Neuquen[55]
Parties Votes % Seats
Front for Victory 96,471 28.72 1
Cambiemos 84,908 25.28 1
Popular union 60,673 18.06 -
Against all 43,896 11.33
Total valid votes 100.00 3
Invalid votes 7,487 1.93
Río Negro[56]
Parties Votes % Seats
Front for Victory 160,498 57.74 2
Cambiemos 84,448 30.38 1
Obrero 18,186 6.54 -
Against all 119,446 29.68
Total valid votes 100.00 3
Invalid votes 4,837 1.20
Salta[57]
Parties Votes % Seats
Front for Victory 262,906 41.34 2
United for a New Alternative 178,795 28.11 1
Cambiemos 152,000 23.90 1
Obrero 42,255 6.64 -
Against all 20,255 3.07
Total valid votes 100.00 3
Invalid votes 2,722 0.41
San Juan[58]
Parties Votes % Seats
Front for Victory 206,115 55.72 2
Compromiso con San Juan 99,146 26.80 1
Cambiemos 57,606 15.57 -
Against all 44,420 10.63
Total valid votes 100.00 3
Invalid votes 3,127 0.75
San Luis[59]
Parties Votes % Seats
Federal commitment 146,187 63.39 2
Cambiemos 52,920 22.95 -
Against all 47,882 17.00
Total valid votes 100.00 3
Invalid votes 2,843 1.01
Santa Cruz[60]
Parties Votes % Seats
Unión para vivir mejor 72,615 49.28 1
Front for Victory 68,129 46.23 1
Workers' Left Front 6,619 4.49 -
Against all 28,158 15.86
Total valid votes 100.00 3
Invalid votes 1,774 1.00
Santa Fe[61]
Parties Votes % Seats
Front for Victory 589,395 31.49 4
Cambiemos 570,217 30.46 3
United for a New Alternative 410,829 21.95 2
Progresistas 205,421 10.97 1
Workers' Left Front 71,909 3.84 -
Against all 169,676 8.20
Total valid votes 100.00 3
Invalid votes 25,163 1.22
Santiago del Estero[62]
Parties Votes % Seats
Front for Victory 337,155 65.63 3
United for a New Alternative 98,645 19.20 1
Cambiemos 77,931 15.17 -
Against all 36,548 6.61
Total valid votes 100.00 3
Invalid votes 2,324 0.42
Tucumán[63]
Parties Votes % Seats
Front for Victory 404,652 51.38 3
Cambiemos 264,389 33.57 2
Movimiento de participación ciudadana 93,084 11.82 -
Against all 136,607 14.68
Total valid votes 100.00 3
Invalid votes 5,572 0.60
Tierra del Fuego[64]
Parties Votes % Seats
Front for Victory 32,463 41.98 2
Cambiemos 14,392 18.61 1
True Renewal Front 13,839 17.90 -
Against all 14,243 15.08
Total valid votes 100.00 3
Invalid votes 2,793 2.96

Provincial governors[edit]

On the 25 October elections numerous provinces also elected governors, with the new ones beginning their terms on 10 December 2015. These provinces were Buenos Aires province, Catamarca, Chubut, Entre Ríos, Formosa, Jujuy, La Pampa, Misiones, San Juan, San Luis and Santa Cruz, encompassing 11 of the country's 23 provinces. The other provinces elected governors in different days of 2015; the only exceptions were Corrientes and Santiago del Estero whose governors' terms were not due to finish in 2015.[65]

María Eugenia Vidal was elected governor of the populous Buenos Aires Province, defeating the controversial Aníbal Fernández; her victory influenced as well the growth of Macri in the presidential elections. Similarly, the unpopular Fernández may have subtracted non-Kirchnerite votes from Scioli.[65] The victory was considered significant given that Fernández was the incumbent Cabinet Chief of the Kirchner administration, and that Vidal was directly replacing Daniel Scioli's post as governor of the province.[66] It is made more significant as she is the first female governor of the province, and the first non-Peronist governor since 1987. The Republican Proposal also retained the city of Buenos Aires, that elected Horacio Rodríguez Larreta as the new mayor.[65] The PRO stronghold had gone to a second round between Larreta and Martín Lousteau (also of the Cambiemos front, but not in the same party) after the Front for Victory's Mariano Recalde finished third.[67] Juan Schiaretti won the elections in Córdoba, and he is the single governor of the UNA ticket.[65] The socialist Miguel Lifschitz was elected governor of Santa Fe, after a controversial triple tie with the PJ and PRO. Carlos Verna was reelected governor of La Pampa.[65]

The votes in Entre Ríos had a slow count. During a week, the provisional results suggested that Gustavo Bordet may be the new governor of Entre Ríos, but Alfredo de Angeli claimed that the uncounted votes may turn the tide and make him the winner instead.[68] The final results were released on October 30, confirming the victory of Bordet. In Misiones, Hugo Passalacqua, vice governor of Maurice Closs was elected governor by a wide margin.[65]

Rosana Bertone was elected governor of Tierra del Fuego. The radical Eduardo Costa got the higher number of votes in Santa Cruz, but Alicia Kirchner was elected governor, thanks to the Ley de Lemas. The former governor of Chubut Mario Das Neves was elected again. Neuquén and Río Negro elected Omar Gutiérrez and Alberto Weretilneck, who ran for local parties.[65]

Mendoza provided an early victory for the opposition, by the radical Alfredo Cornejo. Alberto Rodríguez Saá was elected governor of San Luis once again. The Front for Victory retained the provinces of San Juan and La Rioja, with Sergio Uñac and Sergio Casas.[65]

Lucía Corpacci was reelected in Catamarca and Gildo Insfrán was reelected in Formosa. In Chaco, Domingo Peppo was elected governor. Juan Manuel Urtubey got an important victory in Salta against Romero, and kept the province for the FPV. The radical Gerardo Morales was elected governor of Jujuy, the first non-Peronist one since the return of democracy in 1983. He expects to have a tense relation with the populist Milagro Sala. Juan Luis Manzur was elected governor of Tucumán, but the denounces of electoral fraud became a national scandal. The elections were first declared null by local judge, and then ratified by the local Supreme Court. The case is currently held by the national Supreme Court.[65][69][70]

International reaction[edit]

Americas[edit]

  •  Brazil – Despite the ruling Workers' party having supported Scioli during the campaign, Brazilian president Dilma Rousseff congratulated Macri and invited him to a state visit "as soon as possible", while she is also set to attend Macri's inauguration as president. The pair have stated that improving bilateral relations between the two countries, as well as strengthening the Mercosur trade bloc.[71]
  •  Chile – Chilean president Michelle Bachelet contacted Macri by phone and spoke about the importance for both countries which can maintain the spirit of cooperation, integration and development which characterizes their common history and the importance of further work for Latin America.[72]
  •  Colombia – Colombian president Juan Manuel Santos expressed "Congratulations to Mauricio Macri for his victory in presidential elections in Argentina. Successes in his management. It has our full support"[73]
  •  Ecuador – Ecuadorian president Rafael Correa congratulated Macri for his victory and wished him "the best of luck". While commenting on the presidencies of the Kirchners, he stated that "12 years ago Argentina was reborn like a phoenix, after neoliberalism had left it in ashes" whilst thanking the incumbent Cristina Fernández de Kirchner.[74]
  •  Mexico – Mexican president Enrique Peña Nieto stated that "Mexico will work with" Macri's government to strengthen "bilateral relations and the wellbeing of Latin America".[75]
  •  Peru – Peruvian President Ollanta Humala contacted with Macri in order to congratulate him on his election victory and point out that the Peruvian Government has "strong will" to strengthen ties with his country, reported the Peruvian Foreign Ministry.[76]
  •  United States – The United States Secretary of State John Kerry congratulated the country for its "successful elections", adding that he was "looking forward to working closely" with Macri and his government.[77] Meanwhile, United States Ambassador to Argentina Noah Mamet wished Macri well.[75] Members of the United States House of Representatives later asked Barack Obama in a letter to prioritise US-Argentine relations during 2016, stating that "The United States and Argentina should be natural partners. Both have highly educated populations, diversified economies and vast natural resources" and calling such a relationship a "win-win" for both countries. The letter also stressed the importance of reversing high levels of anti-americanism in the country and resolving the holdout problem with the Vulture Funds, among other key issues.[78] Obama later congratulated Macri personally, while an official White House statement confirmed that the President intends to strengthen ties.[79]
  •  Uruguay – Uruguayan president Tabaré Vázquez greeted Mauricio Macri in a telephone interview for his victory in presidential runoff and asked him to convey the congratulations to the people of Argentina for the civic maturity demonstrated during the election.[80]
  •  Venezuela – On November 23, Venezuela's opposition hailed Macri's presidential win in Argentina as a blow for leftists in Latin America and a good omen for their own duel with "Chavismo" in next month's parliamentary vote. "That was a big disappointment for Venezuela's ruling socialist "Chavismo" movement, which had a close political alliance with Fernández."[81] Diosdado Cabello called Macri a "fascist", and asked him to stay away of Venezuelan internal affairs, as Macri had proposed to remove Venezuela from the Mercosur because of the treatment to Leopoldo López and other political prisoners.[82]

Asia[edit]

  •  China – "China congratulates Mr. Macri on being elected as the new Argentinean president and wishes the Argentinean people new achievements in their national development," Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Hong Lei said at a regular press briefing.[83]
  •  Israel – Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu says he hopes ties between two countries to strengthen, invites Mauricio Macri to visit Israel.[84]

Europe[edit]

  •  France – French President François Hollande sent a telegram to Macri and expressed "We will have the opportunity at that time to deepen our dialogue and our bilateral relationship that is one of the densest known to the Latin American continent". Hollande also confirmed a state visit to Argentina in February 2016.[85]
  •  Germany – German Chancellor Angela Merkel also congratulated Macri and requested that he make a state visit. She added that the two countries have "always been deeply tied", particularly in the area of science which she deemed "one of the pillars" of the two countries' relations. Merkel also remarked that she would be "thankful" if the countries could strengthen cooperation "in all areas".[86]
  •  Italy – Italian Prime Minister Matteo Renzi called Macri on the night of his victory and stated that he will meet soon with the new president to "open a new page of collaboration between the two countries". He also highlighted the historical and cultural ties between the two countries, stating that "it is the country with the largest presence of Italian citizens in the world", numbering some 900,000. The Cambiemos victory also provoked much reaction in the domestic Italian press.[87]
  •  Russia – In a telegram to Macri, Russian President Vladimir Putin expressed his hopes that the two countries will continue to increase the "bilateral cooperation within diverse areas and the coordination of efforts to resolve current occurrences within the international agenda", adding that "the fundamental intesests of the people of Russia and Argentina contribute to guarantee the stability and security of Latin America and the world", while reminding Macri that the countries had recently celebrated 130 years of diplomatic relations. Putin also made reference to the ongoing nuclear power and hydrocarbon extraction projects between the countries.[88]
  •  Spain – Spanish Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy, who has a close relationship with Macri, congratulated him and invited him to carry out a state visit "as soon as possible", stating that he is confident that the new government will "lead this new stage with success" while offering "the necessary support to consolidate the historical ties of friendship, fraternity and cooperation". The relationship between Spain and Argentina had become increasingly tense under the presidency of Cristina Kirchner, particularly after the Renationalization of YPF in 2012.[89]
  •  United Kingdom – UK Prime Minister David Cameron called Macri to congratulate him and offered his support for his presidency. A Downing Street spokesperson stated that "both leaders expect to meet in the near future", emphasising trade relations and investments, while also prioritising the establishment of a free trade agreement between MERCOSUR and the European Union "as soon as possible".[90]

Financial sector[edit]

The MERVAL index climbed 28% to record highs in the four weeks leading up to the run-off, largely attributed to a potential Cambiemos victory, though this dropped 3% on the day following the election.[91] JPMorgan lowered Argentina's risk index by 16% on the day following the election, to levels not seen since 2011, while Argentine bonds increased across the board.[92] Similarly, Moody's raised the country's outlook from "stable" to "positive" following the election.[93]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

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