2001 Argentine legislative election

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2001 Argentine legislative election
Argentina
← 1999 (Deputies)
← 1998 (Senate)
14 October 2001 2003 →

127 of 257 seats in the Chamber of Deputies
72 seats in the Senate
Turnout75.47% (Deputies)
75.49% (Senate)
Party Leader % Seats ±
Chamber of Deputies
Justicialist Party 38.49% 66 +16
Alliance for Work, Justice and Education 22.71% 35 -27
Alternative for a Republic of Equals 9.02% 8 +8
Social Pole 4.12% 4 +4
United Left 3.63% 1 +1
Federalist Unity Party 2.08% 2 +1
Union for Buenos Aires Front 1.09% 2 +2
Self-determination and Freedom 0.95% 2 +2
Democratic Party of Mendoza 0.89% 1 0
Others 17.25% 6 -10
Senate
Justicialist Party 38.95% 42 +3
Alliance for Work, Justice and Education 23.45% 26 +2
Republican Force 0.68% 1 0
Salta Renewal Party 0.65% 1 0
Neuquén People's Movement 0.42% 2 0
This lists parties that won seats. See the complete results below.

An Argentine legislative election took place on Sunday, 14 October 2001 to elect 127 of the 257 seats in the Argentine Chamber of Deputies, and all 72 seats in the Argentine Senate. The elections were held during the second year of the administration of President Fernando de la Rúa. Elections to the Chamber of Deputies are held using staggered elections, with only 127 of the 257 seats in that chamber being up for grabs.

In the event, the opposition Justicialist Party took control of both chambers of the legislature, severely limiting the power of the administration of De la Rúa. His government was supported by the Radical Civic Union, the Broad Front and the Front for a Country in Solidarity, who contested the election jointly under the banner of the Alliance for Work, Justice and Education.

The Argentine Senate faced its first elections since 1995, and in accordance with an agreement crafted following the 1994 reform of the Argentine Constitution, all 72 seats would be renewed, and three classes of senators elected in 2001 would serve for two, four, or six-years in their first term afterwards. Senators, save for the City of Buenos Aires, had previously been elected by their respective provincial legislatures, but would now be popularly elected.

Background[edit]

In 1999, Fernando de la Rúa had been elected President of Argentina in that year's elections. De la Rúa had inherited an economy in recession, and in the midst of an economic crisis. In the end, the 2001 legislative elections were seen as a rebuke for De la Rúa and his handling of the crisis, which was at that point in its fourth year. The Justicialist Party, which had suffered a defeat in 1999, staged a comeback in this election, benefiting from its role as the principal opposition party. Elections in Argentina are compulsory, meaning that those who fail to turn out potentially could face a fine or other punishment. Despite this, roughly a quarter (24.4%) of Argentines eligible to vote, chose to stay at home. The blank votes additionally made up a major share of all votes cast.

Results[edit]

Chamber of Deputies[edit]

Party Votes % Seats won Total seats
Justicialist Party (PJ) 5,499,353 38.49 66 118
Alliance for Work, Justice and Education (Alianza) 3,244,891 22.71 35 97
Alternative for a Republic of Equals (ARI) 1,288,403 9.02 8 8
Social Pole 588,424 4.12 4 4
United Left (IU) 518,314 3.63 1 1
Humanist Party (PH) 384,248 2.69
Federalist Unity Party (PAUFE) 296.804 2.08 2 3
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCEDE) 287,976 2.02
Workers' Party (PO) - Movement for Socialism (MAS) 243,784 1.71
Action for the Republic (AR) 160,832 1.13 10
Union for Buenos Aires Front (PJ + AR) 156,104 1.09 2 [a]
Self-determination and Freedom (AyL) 135,361 0.95 2 2
Democratic Party of Mendoza (PD) 126,769 0.89 1 2
Democratic Progressive Party (PDP) 109,796 0.77 1 3
Socialist Workers' Party (PTS) 105,836 0.74
Neighborhood Action Movement 104,427 0.73
Republican Force (FR) 103,447 0.72 1 2
Salta Renewal Party (PRS) 95,001 0.66 1 2
Christian Democratic Party (PDC) 81,092 0.57
Front of Social Integration for a Change in Freedom (FISCAL) 74,002 0.52 1 1
Neuquén People's Movement (MPN) 60,852 0.43 2 3
People's Reconstruction Party (PPR) 53,580 0.37
Retirees in Action 53,026 0.37
Corrientes Civic and Social Front 44,954 0.31 1
Popular Renewal Front 42,548 0.30
Movement for Dignity and Independence (MODIN) 45,218 0.32
Constitutional Nationalist Party (PNC) 34,275 0.24
Integration and Development Movement (MID) 31,134 0.22
Labor Party 30,767 0.22
United People's Front 24,016 0.17
Chubut Action Party (PACH) 21,891 0.15
Popular Movement for the Reconquest 20,951 0.15
Buenos Aires Popular Movement (MOPOBO) 20,741 0.15
Popular Action Movement 20,312 0.14
United People's Front 19,506 0.14
Development and Justice 17,193 0.12
Change Córdoba 15,725 0.11
For a New Jujuy 14,676 0.10
Civic Renewal Movement 13,292 0.09
Popular Front 12,035 0.08
Río Negro Provincial Party (PPR) 11,891 0.08
People's Patagonian Movement (MPP) 11,589 0.08
Liberation Front 10,788 0.08
Independent Democratic Movement 9,659 0.07
Santa Cruz Federal Movement 6,822 0.05
Social Democratic Party 6,760 0.05
Memory and Participation 6,432 0.05
Middle Generation Party 6,395 0.04
Fueguian People's Movement (MOPOF) 4,660 0.03
Fuegian Federal Party 4,433 0.03
United People 3,331 0.02
Provincial Civic Action 2,891 0.02
New Leadership 2,811 0.02
New Front 90 0.00
Total 14,290,108 100 127 257
Positive votes 14,290,108 76.02
Blank votes 2,022,587 10.76
Invalid votes 2,486,296 13.23
Total votes 18,798,991 100
Registered voters/turnout 24,907,838 75.47

Senate[edit]

Party Votes % Seats
2001-2003
Seats
2001-2005
Seats
2001-2007
Total seats
Justicialist Party (PJ) 5,668,523 38.95 14 16 12 42
Alliance for Work, Justice and Education (Alianza) 3,412,195 23.45 9 8 9 26
Alternative for a Republic of Equals (ARI) 1,304,735 8.97
Social Pole 630,309 4.33
United Left (IU) 499,932 3.44
Humanist Party (PH) 376,376 2.59
Federalist Unity Party (PAUFE) 321.768 2,21
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCEDE) 306,365 2.11
Workers' Party (PO) - Movement for Socialism (MAS) 237,670 1.63
Action for the Republic (AR) 159,611 1.10
Union for Buenos Aires Front (PJ + AR) 150.291 1,03
Democratic Party of Mendoza (PD) 127,343 0.88
Socialist Workers' Party (PTS) 105,757 0.73
Democratic Progressive Party (PDP) 104,411 0.72
Republican Force (FR) 99,408 0.68 1 1
Salta Renewal Party (PRS) 94,423 0.65 1 1
Self-determination and Freedom (AyL) 92,647 0.64
Front of Social Integration for a Change in Freedom (FISCAL) 87,354 0.60
Christian Democratic Party (PDC) 67,149 0.46
Neuquén People's Movement (MPN) 61,613 0.42 2 2
People's Reconstruction Party (PPR) 53,140 0.37
Retirees in Action 51,975 0.36
Corrientes Civic and Social Front 46,202 0.32
Movement for Dignity and Independence (MODIN) 44,781 0.31
Popular Renewal Front 43,349 0.30
Integration and Development Movement (MID) 35,520 0.24
Labor Party 30,634 0.21
Constitutional Nationalist Party (PNC) 29,294 0.20
Chubut Action Party (PACH) 22,379 0.15
Popular Action Movement 21,146 0.15
Popular Movement for the Reconquest 21,030 0.14
Buenos Aires Popular Movement (MOPOBO) 20,793 0.14
Native Action 20,333 0.14
United People's Front 19,646 0.14
Development and Justice 18,183 0.12
Social Progress Party 17,348 0.12
For a New Jujuy 15,871 0.11
Change Córdoba 15,501 0.11
Popular Front 12,896 0.09
Civic Renewal Movement 12,518 0.09
Río Negro Provincial Party (PPR) 11,771 0.08
People's Patagonian Movement (MPP) 11,547 0.08
Liberation Front 10,464 0.07
Independent Democratic Movement 10,343 0.07
Santa Cruz Federal Movement 8,514 0.06
Memory and Participation 6,582 0.05
Social Democratic Party 6,462 0.04
Fuegian Federal Party 6,330 0.04
Middle Generation Party 6,192 0.04
United People 3,246 0.02
Provincial Civic Action 3,182 0.02
New Leadership 2,764 0.02
Fueguian People's Movement (MOPOF) 2,757 0.02
New Front 93 0.00
Total 14,550,666 100 24 24 24 72
Positive votes 14,550,666 77.38
Blank votes 1,732,861 9.22
Invalid votes 2,519,441 13.40
Total votes 18,802,968 100
Registered voters/turnout 24,907,838 75.49

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ 1 seat for Justicialist Party and 1 seat for Action for the Republic.

References[edit]