|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|• Total||0.70 sq mi (1.82 km2)|
|• Land||0.70 sq mi (1.82 km2)|
|• Water||0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)|
|Elevation||1,257 ft (383 m)|
|• Density||650/sq mi (250/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-6 (CST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-5 (CDT)|
|FIPS code||20-02250 |
|GNIS ID||470186 |
Argonia was founded in 1881. It was named for the ship Argo in Greek mythology. In 1887, Susanna M. Salter became the first woman to win political office in United States history when she was elected Mayor of Argonia as a member of the Prohibition Party.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2010, there were 501 people, 216 households, and 135 families living in the city. The population density was 759.1 inhabitants per square mile (293.1/km2). There were 244 housing units at an average density of 369.7 per square mile (142.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.6% White, 0.8% African American, 0.6% Native American, and 2.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.6% of the population.
There were 216 households, of which 32.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.4% were married couples living together, 13.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 37.5% were non-families. 33.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.96.
The median age in the city was 38.6 years. 25.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 10.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22.2% were from 25 to 44; 22.6% were from 45 to 64; and 19% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.5% male and 52.5% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 534 people, 225 households, and 146 families living in the city. The population density was 818.4 inhabitants per square mile (316.0/km2). There were 255 housing units at an average density of 390.8 per square mile (150.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.82% White, 0.37% African American, 0.37% from other races, and 2.43% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.19% of the population.
There were 225 households, out of which 25.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.7% were married couples living together, 8.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.7% were non-families. 34.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 22.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 3.04.
In the city, the population was spread out, with 26.4% under the age of 18, 6.9% from 18 to 24, 22.5% from 25 to 44, 21.7% from 45 to 64, and 22.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.6 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $30,125, and the median income for a family was $38,625. Males had a median income of $30,938 versus $19,688 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,060. About 8.9% of families and 8.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.5% of those under age 18 and 13.4% of those age 65 or over.
The community is served by Argonia USD 359 public school district.
The Argonia Red Raiders of Argonia High School won the following Kansas State High School championships:
- 1969 Boys Basketball - Class 1A
- 2011 Girls Basketball - Class 1A-II 
- Susanna M. Salter was elected mayor of Argonia in 1887, becoming the first woman elected mayor in the United States.
- "Argonia, Kansas", Geographic Names Information System, United States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior
- "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 24, 2020.
- "Profile of Argonia, Kansas in 2020". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 3, 2022. Retrieved April 3, 2022.
- Kansas State Historical Society (1916). Biennial Report of the Board of Directors of the Kansas State Historical Society. Kansas State Printing Plant. pp. 305.
- Susanna Salter, Emily Taylor Centre, Retrieved 11 January 2017
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-25. Retrieved 2012-07-06.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-06.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Basketball". KSHSAA. Retrieved 3 January 2017.
- Susanna Madora Salter-First Woman Mayor (Kansas Collection-Kansas Historical Quarterlies)