Argumentum ad baculum
This article relies largely or entirely on a single source. (September 2011)
Argumentum ad baculum (Latin for "argument to the cudgel" or "appeal to the stick") is the fallacy committed when one makes an appeal to force to bring about the acceptance of a conclusion. One participates in argumentum ad baculum when one emphasizes the negative consequences of holding the contrary position, regardless of the contrary position's truth value — particularly when the argument-maker himself causes (or threatens to cause) those negative consequences. It is a special case of the appeal to consequences.
The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy gives this example of argumentum ad baculum:
- If you don’t join our demonstration against the expansion of the park, we will evict you from your apartment.
- So, you should join our demonstration against the expansion of the park.
- Argument from authority
- Conformity (psychology)
- Formal fallacy
- In terrorem
- Legal threat
- Management by perkele
- Might makes right
- Proof by intimidation
- Gary N. Curtis (2018). "Logical Fallacy: Appeal to Force". FallacyFiles.org. Retrieved 2021-06-24.
- "Argumentum ad Baculum". philosophy.lander.edu. Lander University. Retrieved 2022-07-23.
- John Woods: Argumentum ad baculum. In: Argumentation. Vol. 12, No. 4 (November 1998), pp. 493–504, doi: 10.1023/A:1007779930624 (Online).
- Hans Hansen (2020). Edward N. Zalta (ed.). "Fallacies". The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Summer 2020 Edition).
- "American Notes". The Illustrated London News. Vol. 71. 1877-12-29. p. 622. Retrieved 2021-06-24.
...that uncompromising Sumner whose eloquence exasperated a fiery Southerner into the employment of the argumentum ad baculum...