Ariaramnes of Cappadocia

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Ariaramnes
Coin of Ariaramnes, Ariarathid king of Cappadocia.jpg
Coin of Ariaramnes
King of Cappadocia
Reign280–230 BC
PredecessorAriarathes II
SuccessorAriarathes III
Died230 BC
DynastyAriarathid
FatherAriarathes II

Ariaramnes (Old Persian: 𐎠𐎼𐎡𐎹𐎠𐎼𐎶𐎴 Ariyāramna, Greek: Ἀριάμνης), was the Ariarathid king of Cappadocia from 280 BC to 230 BC. He was the son and successor of Ariarathes II.

Ariaramnes' name is the Greek attestation of an Old Iranian name, Aryārāman ("he who brings peace to the Aryans").[1] His name is sometimes is confused with an akin name, Ariamnes.[1] Ariaramnes minted coins during his reign. On the observe of his coins, he is portrayed wearing the Persian satrapal tiara, whilst the reverse shows him holding a lance whilst riding a horse.[1][2]

Although Cappadocia had throughout its history been hardly subject to Hellenism, it slowly began to affect the region now with order and stability under the Ariarathid dynasty.[2][3] This can be seen on the engravings of Ariaramnes' coins, who is the first king of his dynasty to mint coins with Greek engravings instead of the traditional Aramaic.[3] On some of these coins the name Tyana is engraved, which indicates that Ariaramnes had conquered the city.[2]

Originally a vassal of the Greek Seleucid Empire, Ariaramnes rebelled and obtained independence.[1] However, he sustained friendly relations with his former suzerains, with one of his daughters marrying prince Antiochus Hierax, and the latters sister Stratonice marrying Ariaramnes' son Ariarathes.[1] Consequently, the Seleucid king Antiochus II Theos (r. 261 – 246 BC) bestowed Ariarathes with the title of "king", who ruled together with Ariaramnes from 255 BC.[4][1] In 230 BC, Ariaramnes received Antiochus Hierax after the latter had fled from his ruling brother Seleucus II Callinicus (r. 246 – 225 BC).[1] Ariaramnes died around the same period, with Ariarathes III becoming the sole ruler of the kingdom.[3][2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Shahbazi 1986, pp. 410–411.
  2. ^ a b c d Boyce & Grenet 1991, p. 267.
  3. ^ a b c Raditsa 1983, p. 111.
  4. ^ Raditsa 1983, p. 115.

Sources[edit]

  • Boyce, Mary; Grenet, Frantz (1991). Beck, Roger (ed.). A History of Zoroastrianism, Zoroastrianism under Macedonian and Roman Rule. Leiden: Brill. ISBN 978-9004293915.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Raditsa, Leo (1983). "Iranians in Asia Minor". In Yarshater, Ehsan (ed.). The Cambridge History of Iran, Vol. 3 (1): The Seleucid, Parthian and Sasanian periods. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-1139054942.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Shahbazi, A. Shapur (1986). "Ariyāramna". Encyclopaedia Iranica, Vol. II, Fasc. 4. pp. 410–411.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Ariarathes II
King of Cappadocia
280 – 230 BC
Succeeded by
Ariarathes III