Ariane M

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Ariane M
Function Super Heavy launch vehicle
Manufacturer N/A
Country of origin Europe
Height 74 m (242 ft)
Diameter ? (?)
Mass 1874,000 kg (4,131,000 lb)
Stages 2/3
Payload to LEO 90,000kg (198,000lb)
Payload to
45,000 kg (99,000lb)
Launch history
Status Not developed
Launch sites ELA-3, Guiana Space Centre
Boosters - P230
No. boosters 4
Engines 1 Solid
Thrust 6,470 kN (1,454,510 lbf)
Specific impulse 275 sec
Burn time 129 seconds
Fuel Solid
First stage
Engines 5 Vulcain
Thrust 5,590 kN (1,252,185 lbf)
Specific impulse 430 sec (assumed)
Burn time unknown
Fuel LH2/LOX
Second stage
Engines 1 Vulcain
Thrust 1,114kn (unknown)
Specific impulse 430 sec
Burn time Unknown
Fuel LH2/O2

Ariane M is a hypothesized European expendable launch system designed to both place payloads in Low Earth Orbit and loft large payloads to lunar orbit.


The Ariane M was first hypothesized in 1991 as part of a CNES study. However, it was not developed because of prohibitive costs and doubt over its mission requirements.


In 2001, the ESA established the Aurora programme. This program calls for an eventual human landing on Mars that is targeted for 2030. To achieve such a feat, a heavy launch vehicle is required. Therefore, Ariane M may be required.


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