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|Traded as||Formerly NASDAQ: ARBA|
|Industry||Internet Software & Services|
|Headquarters||Palo Alto, California, U.S.|
|Robert M. Calderoni, Keith Krach|
|Products||Cloud-based solutions, SAP Ariba Network, Source-to-Pay Software, Contract Management Software, Financial Solutions|
$ 335.1 million (FY 2011)
|$ -2.9 million (FY 2011)|
|$ 33.2 million (FY 2011)|
|Total assets||$ 913.1 million (FY 2011)|
|Total equity||$ 647.9 million (FY 2011)|
Number of employees
|3,636 (December 2015)|
Ariba (now SAP Ariba) was founded in 1996 by Bobby Lent, Boris Putanec, Paul Touw, Rob Desantis, Ed Kinsey, Paul Hegarty, and Keith Krach on the idea of using the Internet to enable companies to facilitate and improve the procurement process. Procurement had been a paper-based, labor-intensive, and inefficient process for large corporations; main competitors in this arena include Tungsten Network, GEP, Basware and iPayables. The name Ariba is a neologism, chosen by a branding company since it was easy to pronounce and spell. Some pre-launch names included Procuresoft and Mandate.
Ariba was one of the first business-to-business Internet companies to go public (in 1999). The company's stock more than tripled from the offering price on opening day, making the three-year-old company worth $6 billion. In 2000, the stock value continued to climb, and Ariba's market capitalization was as high as $40 billion. With the bursting of the dot-com bubble, Ariba's stock price fell dramatically to the low double digits in July 2001, where it remained for the rest of its life as an independent company.
According to the company's website, SAP Ariba is the world’s business commerce network. SAP Ariba combines industry-leading cloud-based applications with the world's largest Internet-based trading community to help companies discover and collaborate with a global network of partners. Using the SAP Ariba® Network, businesses of all sizes can connect to their trading partners anywhere, at any time from any application or device to buy, sell and manage their cash more efficiently and effectively than ever before. Companies around the world use the SAP Ariba Network to simplify inter-enterprise commerce and enhance the results that they deliver.
Past acquisitions and competitors
On December 17, 1999 Ariba announced it would acquire Atlanta-based TRADEX Technologies Inc. in a stock swap valued then at $1.86 billion. TRADEX was the leader in the nascent Digital Marketplace Software field. The stock market liked the acquisition and the price of Ariba's shares rose from $57 at the time of the announcement to $173 at closing on March 9, 2000, which also marked the peak of the Internet Bubble. The 33.2 million shares that Ariba issued to buy TRADEX were then worth $5.6 billion to TRADEX shareholders, Daljeet.
In January 2001 Ariba announced that it would acquire Agile Software in a $2.55 billion stock swap. By April, with Ariba facing a disappointing second quarter and cutting a third of its workforce, the deal had fallen apart.
In early 2004, Ariba acquired FreeMarkets which gave the company a software package in the upstream (sourcing) of the sourcing process. In late 2007, Ariba bought the company Procuri for $93 million, which enhanced the company's client base and on-demand abilities.
Ariba's competitors include Taulia, BuyerQuest, Wax Digital, GEP, PROACTIS, SAP, Bravosolution, In-tend Ltd, MultiQuote, Oracle, Zycus, Rosslyn Analytics, Ivalua, Tradeshift, Coupa, SciQuest, and Emptoris.
In December 2008, Ariba announced that the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Texas had issued an injunction against Emptoris, which prohibits the company from infringing on two of Ariba's patents related to overtime and bid ceilings in reverse auctions. On 16 December 2008, the court ordered Emptoris to pay an enhanced damages award of $1.4 million for willful infringement in connection with Emptoris’ infringement of the two reverse auction-patents held by Ariba. This was in addition to the 29 October 2008 jury award of $5 million in damages to Ariba, bringing the total fine to approximately $6.4 million, a significant penalty for Emptoris which earned approximately $50 million in revenue for 2008. In an Emptoris press release, that company noted that it had released a new software "patch" that eliminates any infringement. The U.S. District Court, in February 2009, issued an order noting that the "patch" is colorably different, effectively concluding the case.
In November, 2010, Ariba announced that it would acquire Quadrem, a privately held provider of one of the world's largest supply networks and on-demand supply management solutions. The acquisition closed in January 2011.
In October, 2011 Ariba announced the acquisition of b-process, a privately held French company and European leader in electronic invoicing service provider, for approximately €35 million in cash.
In April, 2013, Ariba partnered with MedAssets to extend the latter's supply chain management and outsourced procurement functionalities.
On February 19, 2009 Ariba announced AribaWeb, an open source framework for Rich Internet Applications. It is designed to generate a user interface automatically from base Java or Groovy classes and includes Object-Relational Mapping features. It also encapsulates AJAX functionality and has a broad selection of UI widgets.
Acquisition by SAP
On May 22, 2012 the German business software maker SAP SE announced to acquire Ariba for an estimated $4.3 billion. SAP said it will pay $45 a share. JPMorgan Chase and Deutsche Bank AG advised SAP SE on the sale, while Morgan Stanley provided financial counsel to Ariba. Ariba's shareholders approved the acquisition on 29 August 2012, and it was completed on October 1, 2012 for $4.4 billion.
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- The Paypers. “Ariba teams up with MedAssets.” April 9, 2013. Retrieved April 29, 2013.
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- "SAP To Acquire Ariba For $4.3 Billion In Push Into Cloud". Bloomberg. 23 May 2012.
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- "Ariba Shareholders Approve Acquisition by SAP" (Press release). SAP AG. 29 August 2012.
- "SAP closes $4.51 billion Ariba acquisition". Bloomberg Businessweek. October 1, 2012.