Arie Frederik Lasut
Arie Frederik Lasut
|1st Chief of Mining and Geology of the Republic of Indonesia|
|Born||July 6, 1918|
Minahasa, North Sulawesi, Dutch East Indies
|Died||May 7, 1949 (aged 30)|
|Profession||Chief of Mining|
Arie Frederik Lasut (Kapataran, July 6, 1918 – Pakem, May 7, 1949) is regarded as a national hero in Indonesia, because of his involvement in the struggle for independence and his efforts to advance Indonesia’s mining and geological infrastructure during the nation’s beginnings. Arie Lasut was born in Kapataran, a village in the regency of Minahasa in the province of North Sulawesi. He was the eldest son of eight children born to Darius Lasut and Ingkan Supit. His brother, Willy Lasut, went on to become governor of North Sulawesi.
Lasut attended elementary school (Dutch: Hollands Inlandsche School (HIS)) in Tondano. Having been ranked first in his class, Lasut was given the opportunity to continue his studies at a teacher's education school (Dutch: Hollands Inlandsche Kweekschool (HIK)) in Ambon. He finished his studies at HIK Ambon in 1933 and was one of the top students who were selected to attend HIK Bandung for the next level of teacher education. After only a year in Bandung, Lasut decided not to become a teacher and instead moved to Jakarta to attend a school equivalent to high school (Dutch: Algeme(e)ne Middelbare School (AMS)).:158 After graduating from AMS in 1937, Arie started medical school (Dutch: Geneeskundige Hooge School). This school is now the Department of Medicine at the University of Indonesia. His lack of sufficient funds forced him to drop out after just one year of studying.:40 In 1938, Lasut started working at the Department of Economic Affairs (Dutch: Departement van Economische Zaken).
A year later, Lasut attended Bandung Technical School (Dutch: Technische Hoogeschool te Bandung), which is present day Bandung Institute of Technology. His studies were discontinued again due to monetary reasons. He then applied for and was given a scholarship to become a geological assistant at the Mining Service (Dutch: Dienst van den Mijnbouw). The start of World War II was imminent with Japanese forces pushing toward Indonesia. While at the technical school in Bandung, Lasut was trained as a Corps Rerserve Officer by the Dutch to aid in the defense against the attacking Japanese forces. He eventually fought against the Japanese at Ciater in West Java. During the Japanese occupation of Indonesia, Lasut worked at the Geological Service (Japanese: Chorisitsu Chosayo) in Bandung as an assistant in the field of geology. Along with R. Sunu Sumosusastro, Lasut was among a few Indonesians who were given such positions in the service by the Japanese.
Struggle for Independence
Indonesia declared its independence on August 17, 1945 after the surrender of Japan to the Allies. The president of the newly formed Republic of Indonesia ordered that all governmental services be taken over from the Japanese. Lasut and a few other Indonesians were able to take control of the Geological Service peacefully in September 1945 and renamed it the Mining and Geological Service (Indonesian: Jawatan Pertambangan dan Geologi).:196 As the Dutch returned to Indonesia to regain its control of Indonesia, the offices of the Mining and Geological Service had to be moved several times. From its original headquarters in Bandung, the offices moved Tasikmalaya, Magelang, and Yogyakarta.:171 In addition to managing the mining and geological activities of the new nation during this unstable period, the service also established schools for training new geologists. This was all done under the leadership of Lasut as head of the service.
In addition to his work at the Mining and Geological Service, Lasut was active in an organization consisting of Indonesians from Sulawesi (where he was from) aimed at defending the independence of Indonesia (Indonesian: Kebaktian Rakyat Indonesia Sulawesi).:171 Lasut was also a member of the Central Indonesian National Committee (Indonesian: Komite Nasional Indonesia Pusat), an early manifestation of the legislative branch of the Indonesian government.:77
The Dutch had continually sought after Lasut, because of his knowledge of mining and geology in Indonesia.:119 On the morning of May 7, 1949, Lasut was taken from his home by the Dutch to Pakem, 7 kilometers north of Yogyakarta (then the capitol of Indonesia) and was shot to death. Several months later his body was exhumed and buried at the Kintelan Christian cemetery in Yogyakarta beside his wife who had died in December 1947. The ceremony was attended by the acting president of Indonesia at that time, Assaat.
To honor his firm stance to preserve the republic, Arie Frederik Lasut was posthumously named a national hero (Indonesian: Pahlawan Pembela Kemerdekaan) by the government of Indonesia on May 20, 1969.
Arie Lasut married Nieke Maramis on December 31, 1941. They had one child, Winny Lasut, who married Lukman Arifin and had three grandsons: Iskandar Zulkarnaen Arifin, Arie Arifin, Sandy Arifin. Winny died on 14 July 1976.
- Safwan, M. (1976). Arie Fredrik Lasut: Pahlawan Nasional [Arie Fredrik Lasut: National Hero] (in Indonesian). Proyek Biografi Pahlawan Nasional, Departemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan.
- Mirnawati (2012). Kumpulan Pahlawan Indonesia Terlengkap [Complete Collection of Indonesian National Heroes] (in Indonesian). Cerdas Interaktif.
- Pahlawan Indonesia [Indonesian National Heroes] (in Indonesian). Niaga Swadaya. 2008.
- Bowden, A.J.; Gregory, F.J.; Henderson, A.S. (2013). Landmarks in Foraminiferal Micropalaeontology: History and Development. Geological Society of London.
- Jejak-Jejak Pahlawan: Perekat Kesatuan Bangsa Indonesia [Steps of the Heroes: Binding the Unity of Indonesia] (in Indonesian). Grasindo. 2007.
- Wajah dan Sejarah Perjuangan Pahlawan Nasional (Volume 5) [The Faces and History of the Struggle of National Heroes] (in Indonesian). Departemen Sosial R.I., Direktorat Urusan Kepahlawanan dan Perintis Kemerdekaan. 1994.
- Harta Bumi Indonesia: Biografi J.A. Katili [The Price of the Land: A Biography of J.A. Katili] (in Indonesian). Grasindo. 1994.
- Exec. Order No. 12/TK/1969 (May 20, 1969; in Indonesian) President of Indonesia
- Tumembouw, Charles (6 August 2002). "Mengenang Arie Frederick Lasut" [Remembering Arie Frederick Lasut] (in Indonesian). Sinar Harapan. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 4 August 2007.