Ariocarpus agavoides

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Ariocarpus agavoides
Ariocarpus agavoides.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Core eudicots
Order: Caryophyllales
Family: Cactaceae
Genus: Ariocarpus
Species: A. agavoides
Binomial name
Ariocarpus agavoides
(Castañeda) E.F.Anderson

Ariocarpus agavoides (known commonly as the Tamaulipas living rock cactus)[1] is a species of cactus. It is endemic to Mexico. It grows in dry shrubland in rocky calcareous substrates.[1]


This cactus is a small rosette-shaped succulent plant with short, stiff, dark green tubercles. The subglobose, flattened stem is greenish brown in color and up to 6 centimeters long by 8 centimeters in diameter. The rest of the plant is rootstock growing underground. The divergent, flaccid tubercles are flattened adaxially. The areoles at the tips of the tubercles are up to 1.2 centimeters long. Some individuals lack spines, while others have whitish spines up to a centimeter long.

Plants 5 to 8 years of age begin to grow magenta flowers up to 5 centimeters long. The pistils are a deep yellow and the stamens are white. The globose fruit is reddish in color and up to 2.2 centimeters long.

Habitat and distribution[edit]

A. agavoides has a narrow distribution in the rocky limestone hills at about 1200 meters in elevation in Tamaulipas and San Luis Potosí in Mexico.

Conservation actions[edit]

This cactus is listed as an endangered species by the International Union for Conservation of Nature and it is listed on CITES Appendix I.[1] It is illegal to collect the cactus in Mexico as it is protected by the state under the national list of species at risk of extinction, NOM-059-SEMARNAT-2010. Despite the restriction, it still shows up in the trade market.[1]


  1. ^ a b c d e Fitz Maurice, W.A., Sotomayor, M., Gómez-Hinostrosa, C., Fitz Maurice, B & Hernández, H.M. 2013. Ariocarpus agavoides. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013. Downloaded on 17 September 2015.