Arion hortensis

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Arion hortensis
Arion hortensis 1.ext.jpg
Arion hortensis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
(unranked): clade Heterobranchia
clade Euthyneura
clade Panpulmonata
clade Eupulmonata
clade Stylommatophora
informal group Sigmurethra
Superfamily: Arionoidea
Family: Arionidae
Genus: Arion
Species: A. hortensis
Binomial name
Arion hortensis
(Férussac, 1819)

Arion hortensis, also known by its common name the "garden slug", "small striped slug" or "black field slug" is a species of small air-breathing land slug, a terrestrial pulmonate gastropod mollusk in the family Arionidae, the roundback slugs.

In Britain, the name Arion hortensis was previously applied to a species complex, consisting of this species plus Arion distinctus Mabille, 1868 and Arion owneii Davies, 1979. Here the name is used sensu stricto.[1]

Description[edit]

It is worth noting that with slugs it is often difficult to establish good criteria for identifying species using external features or internal features, as colouration can be quite variable, and the rather plastic anatomy makes diagnostic anatomical features difficult to establish.

A 30–40 mm. long (exceptionally up to 50 mm) roundback slug. In colour it is grey to bluish black, with dark lateral bands (the right band usually running entirely above pneumostome). The tentacles are bluish or reddish, and the slug bluish or orange tip at the tail.The first row of tubercles above the foot-fringe is white. The contracted body is semicircular (not bell-shaped) in transverse section. The sole is orange or yellow. The body mucus is yellow-orange. Juveniles are bluish grey with a darker dorsum and a yellow sole.[2]

Distribution[edit]

This species is native to European countries and islands including:

It has been introduced various other countries including Tasmania.[3]

Habitat[edit]

This slug lives in gardens, fields, pastures and similar habitat.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Michael Kerney. 1999. Atlas of the land and freshwater Molluscs of Britain and Ireland. Harley Books, Colchester Essex. ISBN 0-946589-48-8.
  2. ^ Animalbase (Welter-Schultes)
  3. ^ Arion hortensis Férussac, cited 20 December 2008.

External links[edit]