Aristocles (; Greek: Ἀριστοκλῆς) of Messene in Sicily, was a Peripatetic philosopher, who probably lived in the 1st century AD. He may have been the teacher of Alexander of Aphrodisias.
According to the Suda and Eudokia, he wrote several works:
- Πότερον σπουδαιότερος Ὅμηρος ἢ Πλάτων - Whether Homer or Plato is more Worthy.
- Τέχναι ῥητορικαί - Arts of Rhetoric.
- A work on the god Serapis.
- A work on Ethics, in nine books.
- A work on Philosophy, in ten books.
The last of these works appears to have been a history of philosophy, in which he wrote about the philosophers, their schools, and doctrines. Several fragments of it are preserved in Eusebius.
- ^ a b Suda, Aristokles
- ^ Karamanolis, G., (2006), Plato and Aristotle in Agreement?: Platonists on Aristotle from Antiochus to Porphyry, page 37. Oxford University Press.
- ^ Cyrill. c. Jul. ii. The correct reading of this passage is in doubt and may refer instead to Aristotle of Mytilene.
- ^ Eusebius, Praeparatio Evangelica, xiv, xv.
- Maria Lorenza Chiesara (ed.), Aristocles of Messene. Testimonia and Fragments, New York, Oxford University Press, 2001.