Aristonicus of Alexandria

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Aristonicus (Latin; Greek Ἀριστόνικος Aristonikos) of Alexandria was a distinguished Greek grammarian who lived during the reigns of Augustus and Tiberius, contemporary with Strabo.[1] He taught at Rome, and wrote commentaries and grammatical treatises.


He is mentioned as the author of several works, most of which were related to the Homeric poems.

  • On the wanderings of Menelaus (περὶ τῆς Μενελάου πλάνης)[1]
  • On the critical signs of the Iliad and Odyssey (περὶ τῶν σημείων τῆς Ἰλιάδος καὶ Ὀδυσσείας), on the marginal signs by which the Alexandrian critics used to mark suspected or interpolated verses in the Homeric poems and in Hesiod's Theogony[2]
  • On ungrammatical words (ἀσυντάκτων ὀνομάτων βιβλία), a work of six books on irregular grammatical constructions in Homer[3]

These and some other works are all now lost, with the exception of fragments preserved in the passages above referred to. By far the most important fragments of his work are preserved in the scholia of the Venetus A manuscript of the Iliad.


See also[edit]


  • Scholia on the Iliad:
    Erbse, H. 1969-88, Scholia Graeca in Homeri Iliadem, 7 vols. (Berlin)
  • Aristonicus' work reconstructed from the Iliad scholia:
    Friedländer, L. 1965 [1853], Aristonici Alexandrini περὶ σημείων Ιλιάδος reliquiae emendatiores, reprint (Amsterdam)


  1. ^ a b Strabo 1.38.
  2. ^ Etymologicum Magnum s.vv. λύχνος, ἔρσαι, and ὀπή; Suda s.v. Ἀριστόνικος; Eudocius 64; scholia A on Iliad 9.397.
  3. ^ Suda loc. cit.