Aristoxenus (Gr. Ἀριστόξενος) was a Greek physician of Asia Minor who was quoted by Caelius Aurelianus. He was a pupil of Alexander Philalethes and contemporary of Demosthenes Philalethes, and must therefore have lived around the 1st century. He was a follower of the teachings of Herophilos, and studied at the celebrated Herophilean school at the village of Men-Carus, between Laodicea and Carura. He wrote a work Περὶ τῆς Ἡροφίλου Αἱρέσεως (On the Herophilean Sect, Latin: De Herophili Secta), of which the thirteenth book is quoted by Galen, but which is no longer extant.
- Caelius Aurelianus, On Acute and Chronic Diseases iii. 16, p. 233
- Greenhill, William Alexander (1867). "Alexander Philalethes". In William Smith. Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology. 1. Boston: Little, Brown and Company. p. 345.
- Galen, De Differ. Puls. iv. 10, vol. viii. p. 743-746
- Von Staden, Heinrich (1989). Herophilus: The Art of Medicine in Early Alexandria. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-23646-0.
- Mahne, "Diatribe de Aristoxeno," Amstel. 1793 octavo
This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Smith, William, ed. (1870). "article name needed". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology.