Location in Tamil Nadu, India
|• District Collector||G. Laxmi Priya, IAS |
|• Superintendent of Police||Dr. Abinav Kumar, IPS|
|• Total||1,949.31 km2 (752.63 sq mi)|
|• Density||390/km2 (1,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|Vehicle registration||TN 61|
Gangaikonda Cholapuram, built by King Rajendra Cholan of Chola Empire, is a UNESCO World Heritage site situated in this district. The district is also known for its rich prehistoric fossils. Many fossils of gigantic molluscs and jawed fishes, at least one fossilized dinosaur egg, and several fragmentary fossils of sauropod and theropod dinosaurs have been discovered here. An on-site museum is being set up at Keelapazhur to preserve and conserve fossils. Ariyalur is noted for its cement industries and Jayankondam has huge reserves of lignite.
Ariyalur district was carved out of Perambalur district on January 1, 2001. But, it was merged with Perambalur district on March 31, 2002. Ariyalur district was re-carved on November 23, 2007. The district is bordered by the districts of Cuddalore to the north and north-east, Nagapattinam to the east, Thanjavur to the south and south-east, Tiruchirapalli to the south-west and Perambalur to the west.
- GANGAIKONDA CHOLAPURAM
- MELAPALUVUR and KEEZHAIYUR
- SENDURAI, SENNIVANAM AND SRIPURANDAN
- ARIYALUR – KODANDARMASWAMY KOVIL
- VETTAKUDI – KARAIVETTI BIRD SANCTUARY
- ELAKURICHI CHURCH
According to the 2011 census, Ariyalur district has a population of 752,481, roughly equal to the nation of Guyana or the US state of Alaska. This gives it a ranking of 491 in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 387 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,000/sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 8.19%. Ariyalur has a sex ratio of 1016 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 71.99%. As of 2011 it is the third least populous district of Tamil Nadu (out of 32), after Perambalur and Nilgiris.. Jayankondam is the most populated town in Ariyalur district.
Brihadeeswarar Temple, Gangaikondacholapuram, Jayankondam
The district became famous in 2008, when theft of 8 idols were discovered from a 9th-century Chola Brahadeeswarar Temple at Gangaikondacholapuram was discovered by Archaeological Survey of India(ASI) Government of India officials. One of these idols, the Sripuranthan Natarajan Idol found its way to the National Gallery of Australia. Two of the stolen statues were consequently returned and are now displayed in the Government Museum at Kumbakonam.
- "New Collector takes charge in Ariyalur". 13 July 2017 – via www.thehindu.com.
- "2011 Census of India" (Excel). Indian government. 16 April 2011.
- Nainar, Nahla (2019-03-29). "A trip through the fossil-rich grounds of Ariyalur in Tamil Nadu". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 2019-04-08.
- Goswami, A.; Prasad, G. V. R.; Verma, O.; Flynn, J. J.; Benson, R. B. J. (16 April 2013). "A troodontid dinosaur from the latest Cretaceous of India". Nature Communications. 4 (1). doi:10.1038/ncomms2716. ISSN 2041-1723.
- "From the lost world". The Hindu. 2016-02-24. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 2016-03-06.
- "With rare collection of fossils, Ariyalur museum in Tamil Nadu nearing completion". 2018-02-05.
- "Places of Interest | Ariyalur District, Government of Tamil Nadu | Land of Cements". Retrieved 2019-04-08.
- "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
- US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01.
- "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-10-19. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
- Boland, Michaela; Hodge, Amanda (8 March 2014). "Town prays for its stolen god Shiva to return". The Australian. Retrieved 29 September 2015.
- Hodge, Amanda (10 November 2014). "Tamil Nadu village turns out to welcome home Dancing Shiva". The Australian. Retrieved 29 September 2015.