Arizona's 1st congressional district
|Arizona's 1st congressional district|
|Current Representative||Ann Kirkpatrick (D–Flagstaff)|
|Distribution||55.4% urban, 44.6% rural|
|Ethnicity||65.8% White, 1.3% Black, 0.5% Asian, 16.4% Hispanic, 22.6% Native American, 7.5% other|
Arizona's 1st congressional district is a congressional district located in the U.S. state of Arizona. Geographically, it is the tenth-largest congressional district in the country and includes much of the state outside the Phoenix and Tucson metropolitan areas. Since 2013 it includes the Navajo Nation, the Hopi reservation and the Gila River Indian Community, with 25% of the population being Native American. It has the largest Native American population of any congressional district in the country.
The district borders were changed in 2012 after Arizona gained two seats in the 2000 U.S. Census. The old 1st District, based in Mesa and at one time the east side of Phoenix, was renumbered as the 6th District. Another area of the 1st District, containing the North Indian Bend Wash Superfund Site, which the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) first documented in 1981, became part of what is now the 5th District.
After the 2012 redistricting, the Hopi reservation was redrawn into the 1st District; it had previously been included within the 2nd District. Also included were some northern suburbs of Tucson that had been in the 8th, as well as a tiny section of Phoenix itself near the Gila River Indian Community. Meanwhile, heavily Republican Prescott, the old 1st's largest city, and much of surrounding Yavapai County were drawn into the new, heavily Republican 4th District. The district is now considered to be significantly more competitive for Democrats.
- External links
- Map of Congressional Districts first in effect for the 2002 election
- Tentative Final Congressional Map for the 2012 election
This large congressional district covers the mainly rural areas of northern and eastern Arizona. Democrats perform well in Flagstaff, Sedona, and the Navajo Nation among Native Americans, while Republicans are strongest in the more rural areas. Elections are usually decided by conservative "Pinto Democrats" throughout the rural areas.
George W. Bush received 54% of the vote in this district in 2004. John McCain also carried the district in 2008 with 54.42% of the vote while Barack Obama received 44.25%. In the 2012 presidential election Mitt Romney (R) won with 50% of the vote, with Obama receiving 48%. Due to intense competition, this is generally considered a swing district. The redistricting has increased the number of historically Democratic voters.
During the Super Tuesday, February 5, 2008 Arizona Democratic Primary, the district was won by Hillary Clinton with 48.49% of the vote, while Barack Obama received 42.21% and John Edwards took 5.01%. In the Arizona Republican Primary, the 1st District was won by McCain with 45.99% while Mitt Romney received 35.20% and Mike Huckabee took in 11.70% of the vote in the district.
Ann Kirkpatrick (D) won the congressional seat in 2008. Paul Gosar (R) won in 2010, an off-year election. Kirkpatrick won again in 2012 and 2014. She declined to be nominated again in 2016, as she is running for the US Senate seat. The district is considered very competitive for both parties in the 2016 primaries and general election.
|Election results from statewide races|
|2000||President||Bush 51 - 46%|
|2004||President||Bush 54 - 46%|
|2008||President||McCain 54 - 44%|
|2012||President||Romney 50 - 48%|
List of representatives
|John R. Murdock||Democratic||January 3, 1949 –
January 3, 1953
|81st-82nd||Maricopa||Metro Phoenix||Redistricted from the At-large district
|John J. Rhodes, Jr.||Republican||January 3, 1953 –
January 3, 1967
|January 3, 1967 –
January 3, 1983
|John McCain||Republican||January 3, 1983 –
January 3, 1987
|98th-99th||Parts of Metro Phoenix||Retired to run for U.S. Senate|
|John J. Rhodes III||Republican||January 3, 1987 –
January 3, 1993
|Samuel G. Coppersmith||Democratic||January 3, 1993 –
January 3, 1995
|103rd||Retired to run for U.S. Senate|
|Matt Salmon||Republican||January 3, 1995 –
January 3, 2001
|104th-106th||Retired to run for governor|
|Jeff Flake||Republican||January 3, 2001 –
January 3, 2003
|107th||Redistricted to the 6th district|
|Rick Renzi||Republican||January 3, 2003 –
January 3, 2009
Apache, Gila, Graham, Greenlee, Yavapai, Coconino (part), Navajo (part), Pinal (part)
|North and East Arizona||Retired|
|Ann Kirkpatrick||Democratic||January 3, 2009 –
January 3, 2011
|Paul Gosar||Republican||January 3, 2011 –
January 3, 2013
|112th||Redistricted to the 4th district|
|Ann Kirkpatrick||Democratic||January 3, 2013 –
|113th||Apache, Coconino (part), Gila (part), Graham, Greenlee, Maricopa (part Navajo, Pima (part), Pinal (part)||First elected in 2012|
Recent election results
|Republican||Sydney Ann Hay||109,924||40.54%|
|Democratic gain from Republican|
|Republican gain from Democratic|
|Democratic gain from Republican|
Source: "STATE OF ARIZONA OFFICIAL CANVASS 2014 General Election - November 4, 2014" (PDF). Arizona Secretary of State. December 1, 2014. Retrieved July 29, 2015.
Living former Members
As of April 2015[update], there are four former members of the U.S. House of Representatives from Arizona's 1st congressional district that are currently living.
|Representative||Term in office||Date of birth (and age)|
|John McCain||1983 - 1987||August 29, 1936|
|Sam Coppersmith||1993 - 1995||May 22, 1955|
|Jeff Flake||2001 - 2003||December 31, 1962|
|Rick Renzi||2003 - 2009||June 11, 1958|
|Paul Gosar||2011 - 2013||November 27, 1958|
- "Partisan Voting Index Districts of the 113th Congress: 2004 & 2008" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. 2012. Retrieved 2013-01-10.
- "Can Navajo Nation help rescue endangered Dem Congresswoman?". ABC News. 2010-10-08.
- Martis, Kenneth C., The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts, 1789-1983. New York: Macmillan Publishing, 1982.
- Martis, Kenneth C., The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress, 1789-1989. New York: Macmillan Publishing, 1989.
- Congressional Directory: Browse 105th Congress
- Demographic data from census.gov
- 1998 election data from CNN.com
- 2000 election data from CNN.com
- 2002 Election Data from CBSNews
- 2004 Election Data from CNN.com
- Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
- Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
- Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present