Arizona's 1st congressional district

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Arizona's 1st congressional district
Arizona's 1st congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Arizona's 1st congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Current Representative Ann Kirkpatrick (DFlagstaff)
Area 58,608 mi2
Distribution 55.4% urban, 44.6% rural
Population (2000) 641,329
Median income $32,979
Ethnicity 65.8% White, 1.3% Black, 0.5% Asian, 16.4% Hispanic, 22.6% Native American, 7.5% other
Cook PVI R+3[1]

Arizona's 1st congressional district is a congressional district located in the U.S. state of Arizona. Geographically, it is the tenth-largest congressional district in the country and includes much of the state outside the Phoenix and Tucson metropolitan areas. Since 2013 it includes both the Navajo Nation and the Hopi reservation, with 25% of the population being Native American. It has the largest Native American population of any congressional district in the country.

It is currently represented by Democrat Ann Kirkpatrick.

The district borders were changed in 2012 after Arizona gained two seats in the 2000 U.S. Census. The old 1st District, based iin Mesa and at one time the east side of Phoenix, was renumbered as the 6th District. Another area of the 1st District, containing the North Indian Bend Wash Superfund Site, which the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) first documented in 1981, became part of what is now the 5th District.

After the 2012 redistricting, the Hopi reservation was redrawn into the 1st District; it had previously been included within the 2nd District. Also included were some northern suburbs of Tucson that had been in the 8th, as well as a tiny section of Phoenix itself near the Gila River Indian Community. Meanwhile, heavily Republican Prescott, the old 1st's largest city, and much of surrounding Yavapai County were drawn into the new, heavily Republican 4th District. The district is now considered to be significantly more competitive for Democrats.

Some 25% of the population of the district is Native American, primarily Navajo and Hopi. The district has more Native Americans than any other congressional district in the United States.[2]

External links

Competitiveness[edit]

This large congressional district covers the mainly rural areas of northern and eastern Arizona. Democrats perform well in Flagstaff, Sedona, and the Navajo Nation among Native Americans, while Republicans are strongest in the more rural areas. Elections are usually decided by conservative "Pinto Democrats" throughout the rural areas.

George W. Bush received 54% of the vote in this district in 2004. John McCain also carried the district in 2008 with 54.42% of the vote while Barack Obama received 44.25%. In the 2012 presidential election Mitt Romney (R) won with 50% of the vote, with Obama receiving 48%. Due to intense competition, this is generally considered a swing district. The redistricting has increased the number of historically Democratic voters.

During the Super Tuesday, February 5, 2008 Arizona Democratic Primary, the district was won by Hillary Clinton with 48.49% of the vote, while Barack Obama received 42.21% and John Edwards took 5.01%. In the Arizona Republican Primary, the 1st District was won by McCain with 45.99% while Mitt Romney received 35.20% and Mike Huckabee took in 11.70% of the vote in the district.

Ann Kirkpatrick (D) won the congressional seat in 2008. Paul Gosar (R) won in 2010, an off-year election. Kirkpatrick won again in 2012 and 2014. She declined to be nominated again in 2016, as she is running for the US Senate seat. The district is considered very competitive for both parties in the 2016 primaries and general election.

Voting[edit]

Election results from statewide races
Year Office Results
2000 President Bush 51 - 46%
2004 President Bush 54 - 46%
2008 President McCain 54 - 44%
2012 President Romney 50 - 48%

List of representatives[edit]

Arizona gained a second congressional seat after the 1940 Census. It used a general ticket to elect its representatives until the 1948 elections, when candidates ran from each of the districts.

Representative Party Term Congress Counties[3][4][5] Area Notes
John Murdock.jpg John R. Murdock Democratic January 3, 1949 –
January 3, 1953
81st-82nd Maricopa Metro Phoenix Redistricted from the At-large district
Lost re-election
JohnRhodes.jpg John J. Rhodes, Jr. Republican January 3, 1953 –
January 3, 1967
82nd-89th Retired
January 3, 1967 –
January 3, 1983
90th-97th Maricopa (part)
John McCain official portrait 2009.jpg John McCain Republican January 3, 1983 –
January 3, 1987
98th-99th Parts of Metro Phoenix Retired to run for U.S. Senate
Rhodes III AZ-1.png John J. Rhodes III Republican January 3, 1987 –
January 3, 1993
100th-102nd Lost re-election
Sam Coppersmith.jpg Samuel G. Coppersmith Democratic January 3, 1993 –
January 3, 1995
103rd Retired to run for U.S. Senate
Matt Salmon, official portrait, 113th Congress.jpg Matt Salmon Republican January 3, 1995 –
January 3, 2001
104th-106th Retired to run for governor
Jeff Flake, official portrait, 113th Congress.jpg Jeff Flake Republican January 3, 2001 –
January 3, 2003
107th Redistricted to the 6th district
Rick Renzi, official 109th Congress photo.jpg Rick Renzi Republican January 3, 2003 –
January 3, 2009
108th-110th United States House of Representatives, Arizona District 1 map.png
Apache, Gila, Graham, Greenlee, Yavapai, Coconino (part), Navajo (part), Pinal (part)
North and East Arizona Retired
Ann Kirkpatrick.jpg Ann Kirkpatrick Democratic January 3, 2009 –
January 3, 2011
111th Lost re-election
Paul Gosar Official Portrait c. 2012.jpg Paul Gosar Republican January 3, 2011 –
January 3, 2013
112th Redistricted to the 4th district
Ann Kirkpatrick.jpg Ann Kirkpatrick Democratic January 3, 2013 –
present
113th Apache, Coconino (part), Gila (part), Graham, Greenlee, Maricopa (part Navajo, Pima (part), Pinal (part) First elected in 2012

Recent election results[edit]

2002[edit]

Arizona’s 1st Congressional District House Election, 2002
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Rick Renzi 85,967 49.21%
Democratic George Cordova 79,730 45.64%
Libertarian Edwin Porr 8,990 5.15%
Majority 6,237 3.57%
Total votes 174,687 100.00
Republican hold

2004[edit]

Arizona’s 1st Congressional District House Election, 2004
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Rick Renzi* 148,315 58.54%
Democratic Paul Babbitt 91,776 36.22%
Libertarian John Crockett 13,260 5.23%
Majority 56,539 22.32%
Total votes 253,351 100.00
Republican hold

2006[edit]

Arizona’s 1st Congressional District House Election, 2006
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Rick Renzi* 105,646 53.21%
Democratic Ellen Simon 88,691 44.67%
Libertarian David Schlosser 4,205 2.12%
Majority 16,955 8.54%
Total votes 198,542 100.00
Republican hold

2008[edit]

Arizona’s 1st Congressional District House Election, 2008
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Ann Kirkpatrick 155,791 57.45%
Republican Sydney Ann Hay 109,924 40.54%
Independent Brent Maupin 4,124 1.52%
Libertarian Thane Eichenauer 1,316 0.49%
Majority 45,867 16.91%
Total votes 271,155 100.00
Democratic gain from Republican

2010[edit]

Arizona's 1st Congressional District House Election, 2010
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Paul Gosar 112,816 49.72%
Democratic Ann Kirkpatrick* 99,233 43.73%
Libertarian Nicole Patti 14,869 6.55%
Majority 13,583 5.99%
Total votes 226,918 100.00
Republican gain from Democratic

2012[edit]

Arizona’s 1st Congressional District House Election, 2012
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Ann Kirkpatrick 122,774 48.80%
Republican Jonathan Paton 113,594 45.15%
Libertarian Kim Allen 15,227 6.05%
Majority 9,180 3.65%
Total votes 251,595 100.00
Democratic gain from Republican

2014[edit]

Arizona’s 1st Congressional District House Election, 2014
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Ann Kirkpatrick 97,391 52% +3.8%
Republican Andy Tobin 87,723 48% +2.3%
Majority 9,568 4% +1.6%
Total votes 185,114 100.00
Democratic hold

Source: "STATE OF ARIZONA OFFICIAL CANVASS 2014 General Election - November 4, 2014" (PDF). Arizona Secretary of State. December 1, 2014. Retrieved July 29, 2015. 

Living former Members[edit]

As of April 2015, there are four former members of the U.S. House of Representatives from Arizona's 1st congressional district that are currently living.

Representative Term in office Date of birth (and age)
John McCain 1983 - 1987 (1936-08-29) August 29, 1936 (age 79)
Sam Coppersmith 1993 - 1995 (1955-05-22) May 22, 1955 (age 61)
Jeff Flake 2001 - 2003 (1962-12-31) December 31, 1962 (age 53)
Rick Renzi 2003 - 2009 (1958-06-11) June 11, 1958 (age 58)
Paul Gosar 2011 - 2013 (1958-11-27) November 27, 1958 (age 57)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Partisan Voting Index Districts of the 113th Congress: 2004 & 2008" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. 2012. Retrieved 2013-01-10. 
  2. ^ "Can Navajo Nation help rescue endangered Dem Congresswoman?". ABC News. 2010-10-08. 
  3. ^ Martis, Kenneth C., The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts, 1789-1983. New York: Macmillan Publishing, 1982.
  4. ^ Martis, Kenneth C., The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress, 1789-1989. New York: Macmillan Publishing, 1989.
  5. ^ Congressional Directory: Browse 105th Congress

Coordinates: 34°58′16″N 110°43′33″W / 34.97111°N 110.72583°W / 34.97111; -110.72583