Arizona's 3rd congressional district

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Arizona's 3rd congressional district
Arizona US Congressional District 3 (since 2013).tif
Arizona's 3rd congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Current Representative Raúl Grijalva (DTucson)
Distribution
  • 88.8% urban
  • 11.2% rural
Population (2015) 761,488[1]
Median income 40,734
Ethnicity
Cook PVI D+13[2]

Arizona's 3rd congressional district is a congressional district that contains the southwestern portions of the state, sharing the border of Mexico from Nogales to the California border. Most of the district's population lives in the western third of Tucson. It is currently represented by Democrat Raúl Grijalva.

History[edit]

Arizona picked up a third district after the 1960 Census. It encompassed the entire northern portion of the state, essentially wrapping around Phoenix and Maricopa County (the 1st District). After a mid-decade redistricting in 1967, the 3rd absorbed a slice of western Maricopa County, including most of what became the West Valley.

Due in part to explosive growth in the Phoenix/Maricopa portion of the district, the 3rd lost much of its eastern portion in the 1970 Census. Although it appeared rural on paper, the great majority of its population lived in the West Valley. By the 1970s, as many people lived in the West Valley as in the rest of the district combined.

After the 1990 Census, the district was reconfigured to include the Hopi Reservation on the other side of the state. This was a product of longstanding disputes between the Hopi and Navajo. Since tribal boundary disputes are a federal matter, it was long believed inappropriate to include both tribes' reservations in the same congressional district.[3] However, the Hopi reservation is completely surrounded by the Navajo reservation. The final map saw the Hopi reservation connected to the rest of the district by a long, narrow tendril stretching through Coconino County. This was the only way to allow the district to remain contiguous without covering significant portions of Navajo land.

After the 2000 Census, this district essentially became the 2nd District, while the 3rd was reconfigured to include much of what had been the 4th District. It now contained most of northern Phoenix as well as some of its northern suburbs. Most of that territory became the 6th District after the 2010 Census, while the 3rd was shifted to cover most of what had been the 7th District.

Voting[edit]

Election results from presidential races
Year Office Results
2000 President Bush 54 - 43%
2004 President Bush 58 - 41%
2008 President McCain 57 - 42%
2012 President Obama 61 - 38%
2016 President Clinton 62 - 33%

Competitiveness[edit]

From 2003 to 2013, most of the district's population was in middle-to-upper class areas in the northern part of Phoenix. Like the metropolitan area in general, the 3rd district leaned Republican, although the southern parts of the district in east-central Phoenix and Paradise Valley were more competitive between the parties.

George W. Bush received 58% of the vote in this district in 2004. John McCain took in 56.47% of the vote in the district in 2008 while Barack Obama received 42.34%.

List of representatives[edit]

Arizona began sending a third member to the House after the 1960 Census.

Representative Party Years Congress(es) Electoral history Geography and Counties[4][5][6]
George F. Senner, Jr..jpg George F. Senner, Jr. Democratic January 3, 1963 –
January 3, 1967
88
89
Lost re-election Northern Arizona:
Apache, Coconino, Gila, Graham, Greenlee, Mohave, Navajo, Yavapai
Sam Steiger.jpg Sam Steiger Republican January 3, 1967 –
January 3, 1973
90
91
92
Retired to run for U.S. Senate Northern Arizona, including parts of Metro Phoenix:
Apache, Coconino, Gila, Graham, Greenlee, Mohave, Navajo, Yavapai, Maricopa (part)
January 3, 1973 –
January 3, 1977
93
94
Western Arizona, including parts of Metro Phoenix:
Coconino, Mohave, Yavapai, Yuma, Maricopa (part)
Bobstump.jpg Bob Stump Democratic January 3, 1977 –
January 3, 1983
95
96
97
Retired
Republican January 3, 1983 –
January 3, 1993
98
99
100
101
102
Western Arizona, including parts of Metro Phoenix:
Coconino, La Paz, Mohave, Yavapai, Maricopa (part), Yuma (part)
January 3, 1993 –
January 3, 2003
103
105
106
107
Western Arizona, including parts of Metro Phoenix:
La Paz, Mohave, Yavapai, Coconino (part), Maricopa (part), Navajo (part)
JohnShadegg.jpg John Shadegg Republican January 3, 2003 –
January 3, 2011
108
109
110
111
Redistricted from the 4th district
Retired
AZ-districts-109-03.png
Parts of Metro Phoenix:
Maricopa (part)
Benjamin Quayle, Official Portrait, 112th Congress.JPG Ben Quayle Republican January 3, 2011 –
January 3, 2013
112 Elected in 2010
Lost renomination
Raúl Grijalva.jpg Raúl Grijalva Democratic January 3, 2013 –
present
113 Redistricted from the 7th district Southern Arizona:
Maricopa (part), Pima (part), Pinal (part), Santa Cruz (part), Tucson (part), Yuma (part)

Previous election results[edit]

2002[edit]

Arizona’s 3rd Congressional District House Election, 2002
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican John Shadegg 104,847 67.32%
Democratic Charles Hill 47,173 30.29%
Libertarian Mark Yannone 3,731 2.40%
Majority 57,674 37.03%
Total votes 155,751 100.00
Republican hold

2004[edit]

Arizona’s 3rd Congressional District House Election, 2004
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican John Shadegg* 181,012 80.10%
Libertarian Mark Yannone 44,962 19.90%
Majority 136,050 60.20%
Total votes 225,974 100.00
Republican hold

2006[edit]

Arizona’s 3rd Congressional District House Election, 2006
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican John Shadegg* 112,519 59.27%
Democratic Herb Paine 72,586 38.23%
Libertarian Mark Yannone 4,744 2.50%
Majority 39,933 21.04%
Total votes 189,849 100.00
Republican hold

2008[edit]

Arizona’s 3rd Congressional District House Election, 2008
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican John Shadegg* 148,800 54.08%
Democratic Bob Lord 115,759 42.07%
Libertarian Michael Shoen 10,602 3.85%
Majority 33,041 12.01%
Total votes 275,161 100.00
Republican hold

2010[edit]

Arizona’s 3rd Congressional District House Election, 2010
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Ben Quayle 108,689 52.24%
Democratic Jon Hulburd 85,610 41.14%
Libertarian Michael Shoen 10,478 5.04%
Green Leonard Clark 3,294 1.58%
Majority 23,079 11.10%
Total votes 208,071 100.00
Republican hold

2012[edit]

Arizona’s 3rd Congressional District House Election, 2012
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Raul M. Grijalva* 98,468 58.37%
Republican Gabriela Saucedo Mercer 62,663 37.15%
Libertarian Blanca Guerra 7,567 4.49%
Majority 35,805 21.22%
Total votes 168,698 100.00
Democratic hold

2014[edit]

Arizona’s 3rd Congressional District House Election, 2014
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Raul M. Grijalva* 58,192 55.7%
Republican Gabriela Saucedo Mercer 46,185 44.2%
Majority 12,007 11.5%
Total votes 104,428 100.00
Democratic hold

2016[edit]

Arizona’s 3rd Congressional District House Election, 2016
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Raul M. Grijalva* 148,973 100%
Majority
Total votes 148,973 100
Democratic hold

Living former Members[edit]

As of April 2015, there are two former members of the U.S. House of Representatives from Arizona's 3rd congressional district that are currently living. The most recent representative to die was Sam Steiger (1967-1977) on September 26, 2012. The most recently serving representative to die was Bob Stump (1977-2003) on June 20, 2003.

Representative Term in office Date of birth (and age)
John Shadegg 2003 - 2011 (1949-10-22) October 22, 1949 (age 67)
Ben Quayle 2011 - 2013 (1976-11-05) November 5, 1976 (age 40)

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017. 
  3. ^ Pitzi, Mary Jo, 2011. Navajos seek tribal-dominated district in Arizona. Arizona Republic, Published September 16, 2011. Retrieved November 3, 2011.
  4. ^ Martis, Kenneth C., The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts, 1789-1983. New York: Macmillan Publishing, 1982.
  5. ^ Martis, Kenneth C., The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress, 1789-1989. New York: Macmillan Publishing, 1989.
  6. ^ Congressional Directory: Browse 105th Congress Archived February 17, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.

References[edit]

History of Raul Grijalva. This last election the Arizona Republic ran a story saying a La Raza group had registered over 2,000 illegals to vote in Arizona District 3. Mr. Grijalva won re-election by less than 2,000 votes. He is a member of MEChA and co-chairman of the Progressive Party. He is for wide open borders and the only politician to boycott his own state because of it. He is for animal rights and full term abortion. Even with a carbon tax hitting Arizona farmers the hardest he voted along party lines for the tax.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 32°25′26″N 112°24′09″W / 32.42389°N 112.40250°W / 32.42389; -112.40250