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Arjoun is located in Syria
Location in Syria
Coordinates: 34°33′28″N 36°32′11″E / 34.55778°N 36.53639°E / 34.55778; 36.53639
Country Syria
Governorate Homs
District Al-Qusayr
Subdistrict Al-Qusayr
Population (2004)
 • Total 2,465
Time zone EET (UTC+3)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+2)

Arjoun (Turkish: Arcun,[1] Arabic: عرجون‎, translit. Arjūn‎, also spelled Arcun or Arjoon), is a village in central Syria, administratively part of the Homs Governorate, located southwest of Homs. Nearby localities include Aqrabiyah to the southwest, al-Qusayr to the southeast, al-Dabaah to the east, Kafr Mousa and al-Ghassaniya to the north and al-Houz to the northwest. According to the Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS), Arjoun had a population of 2,465 in the 2004 census.[2] Its inhabitants are predominantly Sunni Muslims.[3]

19th-century Biblical scholars identified Arjoun as "Argana" where in 854 BCE the Neo-Assyrian king Shalmaneser II fought the army of Hadadezer in the Battle of Qarqar.[4] Other sources insist that Argana was located somewhere north of modern-day Hama.[5] An Ancient Roman milestone was found in the village, suggesting it was situated on a Roman road.[6] In his visit to Syria, James Silk Buckingham described Arjoun in the early 19th century as a small village lying below an artificial mound. At the mound's summit was the tomb of a local sheikh surrounded by a few buildings.[7]


  1. ^ a b Günümüzde Suriye Türkmenleri. — Suriye’de Değişimin Ortaya Çıkardığı Toplum: Suriye Türkmenleri, p. 14 ORSAM Rapor № 83. ORSAM – Ortadoğu Türkmenleri Programı Rapor № 14. Ankara — November 2011, 33 pages.
  2. ^ General Census of Population and Housing 2004. Syria Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS). Homs Governorate. (Arabic)
  3. ^ Smith, 1841, p. 176.
  4. ^ Conder, 1902, p. 173.
  5. ^ Babylonian & oriental record, 1889, p. 42.
  6. ^ Conder, 1892, p. 36.
  7. ^ Buckingham, 1825, p. 491.