Arkansas's 1st congressional district

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Arkansas's 1st congressional district
Arkansas-first-congressional-district-2013.svg
U.S. RepresentativeRick Crawford (RJonesboro)
Area17,521 sq mi (45,380 km2)
Distribution
  • 44.5% urban
  • 55.5% rural
Population (2015)722,402[1]
Median income28,940
Ethnicity
Occupation
Cook PVIR+17[2]

Arkansas's 1st congressional district is a U.S. congressional district in eastern Arkansas that elects a representative to the United States House of Representatives.

It is currently represented by Republican Rick Crawford.

Geography[edit]

2003–2013[edit]

The district from 2003 to 2013

Before the 2010 census, the 1st district represented portions of northeastern Arkansas, encompassing the counties of Arkansas, Baxter, Clay, Cleburne, Craighead, Crittenden, Cross, Fulton, Greene, Independence, Izard, Jackson, Lawrence, Lee, Lonoke, Mississippi, Monroe, Phillips, Poinsett, Prairie, Randolph, Saint Francis, Searcy, Sharp, Stone, and Woodruff.

2013–2023[edit]

The district took in additional counties in the southeastern portion that were part of the 4th district which in turn took the entire eastern Arkansas border. It fully encompasses the counties of Arkansas, Baxter, Chicot, Clay, Cleburne, Craighead, Crittenden, Cross, Desha, Fulton, Greene, Independence, Izard, Jackson, Lawrence, Lee, Lincoln, Lonoke, Mississippi, Monroe, Phillips, Poinsett, Prairie, Randolph, Saint Francis, Searcy, Sharp, Stone, and Woodruff. The district also encompasses parts of Jefferson county.

Character[edit]

The Mississippi Delta has long been home to American industrial agriculture, with cotton, rice and soybeans by far the biggest export from the region. The 1st District covers most of the Arkansas Delta area and stretches as far west to the Ozarks. The farming areas, despite their fertility, are generally poor by national standards, with unemployment and undereducation as some of the greatest problems. Rice farms are the amongst the greatest recipients of federal farming subsidization - and three of the top five subsidy farms in the United States are in the 1st District, receiving over $100 million since 1996.

Some manufacturing has been sited in the region recently, with several auto parts factories being built in Marion and Toyota considering it as the site for its seventh North American plant.

Jonesboro is the largest town, home to a sizable food processing industry with companies such as Nestle and Frito-Lay sited here. Jonesboro is also home to Arkansas State University (ASU)-Jonesboro. While Jonesboro itself sports a Republican trend, along with some of the hill counties, it is balanced by the strong Democratic presence in the African American-dominated Mississippi River Delta. The result is a fairly closely divided vote in national politics. While Al Gore narrowly carried the district in 2000 with 50% of the vote, George W. Bush won the district in 2004. The district swung even more Republican in 2008, giving John McCain 58.69% of the vote while Barack Obama received 38.41% here.

Recent election results from statewide races[edit]

Year Office Results
2000 President Gore 50 - 48%
2004 President Bush 52 - 47%
2008 President McCain 59 - 38%
2012 President Romney 61 - 36%
2016 President Trump 65 - 30%

List of members representing the district[edit]

The district was created in 1853 after the 1850 United States Census added a second seat to the state. The at-large seat then was split between this district and the second district.

Representative Party Year Congress(es) Electoral history
District created March 4, 1853
Alfred B. Greenwood Democratic March 4, 1853 –
March 3, 1859
33rd
34th
35th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Hindman, Thomas Carmichael, 1828-1868-full.jpg
Thomas C. Hindman
Democratic March 4, 1859 –
March 3, 1861
36th [Data unknown/missing.]
Civil War and Reconstruction
Logan H. Roots Republican June 22, 1868 –
March 3, 1871
40th
41st
[Data unknown/missing.]
James M. Hanks Democratic March 4, 1871 –
March 3, 1873
42nd [Data unknown/missing.]
Asa Hodges Republican March 4, 1873 –
March 3, 1875
43rd [Data unknown/missing.]
LCGause.jpg
Lucien C. Gause
Democratic March 4, 1875 –
March 3, 1879
44th
45th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Poindexter Dunn Democratic March 4, 1879 –
March 3, 1889
46th
47th
48th
49th
50th
[Data unknown/missing.]
William H. Cate Democratic March 4, 1889 –
March 5, 1890
51st Lost contested election
Lewis P. Featherstone Labor March 5, 1890 –
March 3, 1891
51st Won contested election
William H. Cate Democratic March 4, 1891 –
March 3, 1893
52nd [Data unknown/missing.]
Philip D. McCulloch Jr. Democratic March 4, 1893 –
March 3, 1903
53rd
54th
55th
56th
57th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Robert B. Macon Democratic March 4, 1903 –
March 3, 1913
58th
59th
60th
61st
62nd
[Data unknown/missing.]
Thaddeus H. Caraway.jpg
Thaddeus H. Caraway
Democratic March 4, 1913 –
March 3, 1921
63rd
64th
65th
66th
[Data unknown/missing.]
WilliamJDriver.jpg
William J. Driver
Democratic March 4, 1921 –
January 3, 1939
67th
68th
69th
70th
71st
72nd
73rd
74th
75th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Ezekiel Gathings.jpg
Ezekiel C. Gathings
Democratic January 3, 1939 –
January 3, 1969
76th
77th
78th
79th
80th
81st
82nd
83rd
84th
85th
86th
87th
88th
89th
90th
[Data unknown/missing.]
William Alexander, Jr.jpg
William Vollie Alexander Jr.
Democratic January 3, 1969 –
January 3, 1993
91st
92nd
93rd
94th
95th
96th
97th
98th
99th
100th
101st
102nd
[Data unknown/missing.]
Blanche Lincoln official portrait.jpg
Blanche Lincoln
Democratic January 3, 1993 –
January 3, 1997
103rd
104th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Rep Marion Berry.jpg
Marion Berry
Democratic January 3, 1997 –
January 3, 2011
105th
106th
107th
108th
109th
110th
111th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Rick Crawford, Official Portrait, 112th Congress.jpg
Rick Crawford
Republican January 3, 2011 –
present
112th
113th
114th
115th
116th
Incumbent

Recent election results[edit]

2002[edit]

Arkansas’s 1st Congressional District House Election, 2002
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Robert Marion Berry* 129,701 67%
Republican Tommy F. Robinson 64,357 33%
Majority 65,344 33%
Total votes 194,058 100.00
Democratic hold

2004[edit]

Arkansas’s 1st Congressional District House Election, 2004
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Robert Marion Berry* 162,388 67%
Republican Vernon Humphrey 81,556 33%
Majority 80,832 33%
Total votes 243,944 100.00
Democratic hold

2006[edit]

Arkansas’s 1st Congressional District House Election, 2006
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Robert Marion Berry* 127,577 69%
Republican Mickey Stumbaugh 56,611 31%
Majority 70,966 39%
Total votes 184,188 100.00%
Democratic hold

2008[edit]

Arkansas’s 1st Congressional District House Election, 2008
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Robert Marion Berry* 124,304 100%
Majority 100%
Total votes 124,304 100%
Democratic hold

2010[edit]

Arkansas’s 1st Congressional District House Election, 2010
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Rick Crawford 93,224 52%
Democratic Chad Causey 78,267 43%
Green Ken Adler 8,320 5%
Write-in Write-ins 205 0.11%
Majority 14,957 9%
Total votes 180,016 100.00%
Republican gain from Democratic

2012[edit]

Arkansas’s 1st Congressional District House Election, 2012
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Rick Crawford* 138,800 56%
Democratic Scott Ellington 96,601 39%
Libertarian Jessica Paxton 6,427 3%
Green Jacob Holloway 5,015 2%
Majority 42,199 17.10%
Total votes 246,843 100.00%
Republican hold

2014[edit]

Arkansas’s 1st Congressional District House Election, 2014
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Rick Crawford* 124,139 63%
Democratic Jackie McPherson 63,555 32%
Libertarian Brian Scott Willhite 8,562 5%
Majority 60,584 31%
Total votes 196,256 100.00%
Republican hold

2016[edit]

Arkansas’s 1st Congressional District House Election, 2016[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Rick Crawford* 183,866 76.28%
Libertarian Mark West 57,181 23.72%
Majority 126,685 52.56%
Total votes 241,047 100.00%
Republican hold

2018[edit]

The 2018 election will be held on November 6, 2018.

Living former Members[edit]

As of April 2015, there are three former members of the U.S. House of Representatives from Arkansas's 1st congressional district that are currently living.

Representative Term in office Date of birth (and age)
Bill Alexander 1969–1993 (1934-01-16) January 16, 1934 (age 84)
Blanche Lincoln 1993–1997 (1960-09-30) September 30, 1960 (age 58)
Marion Berry 1997–2011 (1942-08-27) August 27, 1942 (age 76)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  3. ^ 2016 election results

Coordinates: 35°17′38″N 91°15′30″W / 35.29389°N 91.25833°W / 35.29389; -91.25833